Wednesday, July 21, 2010

Biographical Sketches of Prominent Boone Countians -- 1895

From the Boone County Historical Society collection.  Donated by Warren Dalton.  Columbia Missouri Herald, Historical Edition, E.W. Stephens, Proprietor. Walter Williams, Editor.  Columbia, Mo. 1895.

Beginning on page 25, this special publication printed biographical sketches of 236 of the county's prominent citizens, most being from Columbia, and all but one being men.  The order in the original publication has been changed to an alphabetical listing by surname to aid in browsing or searching for variant spellings.  Otherwise, the listing is an accurate transcription.  In those cases where the sketches were accompanied by photographs of the subject, a reference to the page number of the photograph is included at the end of the sketch, though the portraits are not included in this posting.  An accompanying post does include photographs of 25 residences of these prominent men.  Click here to see the photos of their residences, a study of the homes of the wealthy in 1895.

D.C. ADAMS, merchant, was born in Warrensville, a suburb of Cleveland, Ohio, in 1837.  His father, now 85 yrs old, is a native of Maine, and his mother of New York, hence Mr. Adams is of Yankee extraction.  Though his ancestry is decidedly democratic, Mr. Adams is a prohibitionist republican.  He is a Methodist who practices the Old Testament rule of giving one-tenth of his income annually to religious use.  He has lived in seven states and traveled in nearly all, coming to Missouri seven years ago.  In 1864 he married Miss Lydia A. Pasmore, of New York.  Four children have been born to them and four buried.  The have two adopted daughters now.  Mr. And Mrs. Adams are enthusiasts in the work of befriending the needy.  Three years ago Mr. Adams established the variety store in Columbia known as the Racket, in conducting which he and his wife have been decidedly successful.  In a single day, last Christmas, 3,700 people visited the store by actual count.  Mr. Adams has never used tobacco in any form.  [See p. 46 for photo of D.C. Adams.  A photo of 42-month-old girl Jessie Adams, adopted daughter of D.C. Adams, appears on p. 8.]

EDWARD ARCHIBALD ALLEN, professor of English in the University of Missouri, is a native of Virginia.  His grandfather, Captain Allen, served in the War of the Revolution.  He received his preparation for college at a private academy near his home in Suffolk, and later at Dr. Gessner Harrison’s classical school in Albermarle county.  He was in his senior year at Randolph-Macon College, when, in 1862, with the young men of his class, he entered the service of his state in the cavalry under the command of General J.E.B. Stuart.  Prof. Allen had a horse killed under him at Brandy Station, and was wounded at the battle of Burgess’s Mills.  After the war, he attended the University of Virginia for several years, where he became conspicuous in classical scholarship.  Prof. Gildersleve, now of Johns Hopkins, spoke of his “marked literary taste” while under his tuition.  His career as a teacher after leaving the university began in the Sunny Side High School, from which he was called to the professorship of Latin in Farmville College, Virginia.  In 1881, Prof. Allen was elected to the chair of English and Modern Languages in Central College, Fayette, one of the leading colleges of Missouri, then under the presidency of Bishop Hendrix.  In 1885, he was offered the chair of English in the University.  At that time the chair embraced also political science and normal instruction.  Prof. Allen accepted on condition that the work of the department should be limited to instruction in the English language and literature based upon modern methods.  The department has since grown to such an extent as to require the addition of two assistant professors.  Dr. Allen has occasionally contribute to various journals philological articles, which have received favorable comment from distinguished scholars in this country and in England.  In 1889, the honorary degree of Litt. D. Was conferred on Prof. Allen by Washington and Lee University.  Dr. Allen is a member of the Modern Language Association of America, and was one of the committee of ten for English, which met at Vassar in December, 1892.  He has delivered many lectu4res throughout the state, all of which have widened his reputation as a teacher, and impressed upon the people of the state his value to the University, for whose w3elfare his sound judgment is continually sought.  Dr. Allen has a charming wife and interesting family.  He is a member of the Columbia Methodist church.  [See p. 41 for photo of E.A. Allen.]

J.M. ALLTON, plasterer, was born in Marion county, West Virginia, October 8, 1842.  He is the son of Joseph and Harriet Allton, and was educated in West Virginia schools.  Mr. Allton came to Boone county in November, 1865.  Here, in 1872, he married Miss Mary F. Gans.  They have seven children: Harry, Lillian, Charles, Jesse, Nellie, Mary H. and John A.  Mr. Allton is a plasterer.  For two years he served as constable of Columbia township, and for two years as councilman.  He served four years in a Virginia regiment of the Confederate army.  From 1864 till the war closed he was in the Confederate cavalry.  Mr.  Allton is an Odd Fellow, and in politics a democrat.  [See p. 46 for photo of J.M. Allton.]

HERMANN B. ALMSTEDT, editor of the University Argus, the monthly magazine issued by students of the State University, was born in 1872 in St. Louis.  His home is now in St. Charles, Missouri.  Mr. Almstedt is a member of the senior class of the University and is taking the L.B. course.  [See p. 37 for photo of H.B. Almstedt.]

BEN. M. ANDERSON, presiding judge of the Boone county court, one of the best known and most active citizens of Columbia, was born in this city December 4, 1854.  With the exception of two years, from 1879 to 1881, in Callaway county he has always been a resident of Boone county.  He attended school in the district schools and spent one year at the State University.  Mr. Anderson, from 1879 to January 10, 1891, was a member of the firm of Anderson & Kimbrough, livery stable owners and dealers in horses and mules.  The firm was known all over the west, and sold stock from Iowa to California.  In 1891, Mr. Kimbrough’s health failing, Mr. Anderson bought his interest in the business and continued at the old stand until November 1893, when the establishment was destroyed by fire.  Sine that date Mr. Anderson has been engaged in real estate and politics, in both of which he has been successful.  As a politician Mr. Anderson–Judge Anderson as he may now be called–has few equals.  He served as collector of Boone county from 1886 to 1889, resigning in the latter year because of the ill health of his business partner, the late J.A. Kimbrough.  He mad an efficient and faithful officer, and collected the money which paid off the last cent of Boone county’s debt.  In 1894 he was triumphantly elected to his present position after a lively campaign.  He is making an excellent county judge.  Judge Anderson is of course a democrat.  He is a member of the Southern Methodist church, of the K. Of P., and of the A.O.U.W.  He is a son of the late Benjamin and Sara A. Anderson.  In December, 1882, he married Miss Fannie Bowling, daughter of J.D. Bowling.  They have four children.  [See p. 25 for photo of B.M. Anderson.]

J.M. ANGELL, president of the Bank of Centralia, is one of the most substantial citizens of that township.  He owns 1,000 acres of land within three miles of Centralia, has been for fifteen years bank director and five years president.  He was for six years justice of the peace and for twelve years county court judge.  Judge Angell was born and raised in Boone county, and by industry and thrift has amassed considerable wealth.  He is 61 years of age, a democrat, member of the Southern Methodist church and Mason.  He lives three miles west of Centralia.  [See p. 70 for photo of J.M. Angell.]

LEE ANTHONY, dealer in mules, was born in Morgan county, Missouri, in 1848, coming to Boone county in 1862 and to Columbia in 1888.  He fo some time managed a livery, feed and sale stable, but of late has devoted his attention wholly to the mule trade, in which he has been signally successful.  In 1874 he married Miss Lottie Tucker.  The have a family of interesting children and one of the handsomest homes in all Columbia.  Mr. Anthony is a member of the Christian church.  [See p. 46 for photo of Lee Anthony.]

MORRIS A. ARNOLD, cashier of the Farmers and Merchants Bank, Centralia, is a shrewd financier and modest, obliging gentleman.  He was born in Mexico, Missouri, May 1, 1866, the son of R.R. Arnold.  He was educatd in the Mexico public schools and at the State university.  He is a democrat, a K. of P., and a member of the Beta fraternity.  Mr. Arnold has been in the banking business twelve years.  He was four years with the Third National Bank, St. Louis, and since 1891 has held his present position.  On October 11 1893, he married Miss Georgia Moss, of Paris, Missouri.  They have one son.  [See p. 72 for photo of M.A. Arnold.]

WILLIAM ANDERSON AUSTIN, merchant tailor, is a member of that company of energetic young business men who will make the Columbia of to-morrow surpass the Columbia of to-day.  He is a son of the late Calvin J. Austin, and was born in Columbia March 3, 1869.  He has been in the merchant tailoring business in this city three years and has been quite successful.  He is a member of the Christian church, of the U.R.K. of P., a Mason, a Knight Templar and a democrat.  He is not married.  [See p. 46 for photo of W.A. Austin.]

SAMUEL H. BAKER, senior member of the firm of Baker, Robinson & Co., dealers in groceries, was born in Providence, Boone county, December 13, 1848.  Mr. Baker came to Columbia in 1850 and has had a long and honorable career as a merchant.  After attending the State University he began selling groceries in 1868, and has followed that occupation continuously and successfully.  In Huntsville, June 21, 1886, he married Miss Dora Shaefer.  They have no children.  Mr. Baker is a Baptist, and has been deacon and treasurer of the Columbia Baptist church.  He is an unswerving democrat.  Mr. Baker is a son of the late Barnabas Baker.  [See p. 47 for photo of S.H. Baker.]

H.H. BANKS, cashier of the Columbia Savings Bank, was born December 2, 1859.  He has held the offices of city treasurer and county treasurer.  He is married and a democrat.  Mr. Banks is a man of sound business sense, and has made a fine record in his chosen occupation.  The success f the Savings Bank is due, in greatest measure, to Mr. Banks’ ability as a financier.  [See p. 28 for photo of H.H. Banks.]

WILL G. BARRETT, editor and proprietor of the Columbia Statesman, was born in Leavenworth, Kansas, October 13, 1864.  His mother was a New Yorker and his father a Virginian.  His mother died in his infancy.  His father, the late Rev. T.W. Barrett, was for eleven years president of Stephens College.  Mr. Barrett was educated in the public schools, William Jewell College and the State University.  He was seven years a resident of Jefferson City and, for the past eleven years, of Columbia.  He is a member of the Baptist church and has always been a democrat.  Mr. Barrett purchased the Statesman in 1888.  He has greatly increased its circulation and added much new material and new machinery to the office.  He has within the last few months put in a new power press capable of doing specially raid and fine work.  Mr. Barrett is a clever gentleman with many friends, and the Statesman, under his management, is one of the leading and influential papers of Central Missouri, with a deservedly wide patronage.   The office has been moved to the handsome new Statesman building on Walnut and Eighth streets.  Mr. Barrett is not married.  [See p. 38 for photo of W.G. Barrett.]

VICTOR BARTH, merchant, is a familiar figure in Columbia.  Since 1866 he has been a resident of this place.  By unremitting industry and enterprise he has built up a business as a clothing merchant that he handles in three stores in one.  The firm name is Joe & Vic Barth, with stores at Columbia and Mexico.  Mr. Barth was born in Prussia on January 4, 1850.  He married, August 23, 1876, Miss Nettie A. Barth, of Rocheport.  They have one child, Irvin V.  Mr. Barth has been in the clothing business in Columbia since 1868.  He is a Mason, K. Of P., and member of the A.O.U.W.  Mr. Barth is a Hebrew and a democrat.  [See p. 46 for photo of V. Barth.]

JOSEPH BAUMAN, shoe maker, removed to Columbia from Ashland in 1893, and has built up a good business in this place by his skill and industry.  He has been a shoemaker since 1870.  Mr. Bauman was two years a member of the Ashland school board and three years a councilman of that thriving town.  He served as Master of the Ashland Masonic lodge and as Receiver for the A.O.U.W.  He s a Catholic and a democrat.  Mr. Bauman was born in Sandusky county, Ohio, September 10, 1855.  He came to Cole county, Missouri, in 1868 to Jefferson City in 1870, and to Ashland in 1876.  On November 18, 1878, Mr. Bauman married Miss Lucy Jones, who died November 1, 1891, leaving five children–Joseph, Lizzie, Maud, Laura (deceased) and Allie.  [See p. 47 for photo of Joseph Bauman.]

GEORGE HAMILTON BEASLEY, teacher of mathematics and science in the University Academy, is a fine example of the result of industry, thrift and fidelity to a purpose.   By his own efforts he earned the money necessary to educate himself at the State University.  He has taught four years in district and graded schools, and is now making a good record in the Academy.  He is a son of Noah Beasley, and was born in Boone county, Missouri, May 25, 1865.  Mr. Beasley is a democrat.  He has been superintendent of the Columbia Methodist Sunday School three years.  In 1894 he took the degrees of S.B. and P.B. at the State University.  He is not married.  [See p. 44 for photo of George H. Beasley.]

JOHN N. BELCHER, merchant, is a democrat and a Presbyterian.  Born in Boone county, March 19, 1864, he is the son of W.H. and Zerelda Belcher.  He was educated in the public schools of the county and the State University.  On September 1, 1884, he married Miss Mason, of Columbia.  They have one child, Mason, a bright little boy.  Mr. Belcher is a member of the A.O.U.W. and of the Knights of Maccabees.  He has been for eleven years in the grocery business and sticks closely to his text.  His home is one of the handsomest in Columbia.  [See p. 47 for photo of J.N. Belcher.]

THOMPSON N. BELCHER, grocery merchant, is a native of Boone county, affable and aggressive.  He was born March 27, 1858, and one May 20, 1891, married Miss Mary Wilson of this county.  He has been nine years in the grocery business in Columbia, and is now a member of the well-known firm of Belcher Brothers.  Mr. Belcher is a Baptist.  The Maccabees is the only secret organization of which he is a member.  [See p. 47 for photo of T.N. Belcher.]

MORRIS FREDERICK BELL, architect of the University, is a prominent, influential citizen of Fulton.  He was born in Washington county, Maryland, on the eighteenth of August, 1849.  In early youth he received a common school education in that county, and at the age of thirteen was apprenticed to the builders trade, at which he worked for three years, two years under instruction at Martinsburg, West Virginia.  Resolved to qualify himself thoroughly for he profession of architecture, soon after the conclusion of his term of instruction at Martinsburg, he became a matriculate in Duff’s well known college at Pittsburg, in which he continued until he graduated in the winter of 1868-9.  The following year Mr. Bell came to Missouri, and located at Mexico, where he began his career as n architect, a profession of which he was soon to became a leading representative.  Successfully occupied at Mexico for about two years, he then located permanently at Fulton.  Since his location in Fulton, Mr. Bell has been architect of many of the more important State buildings erected in Missouri.  He was architect of the State Insane Asylum and the Deaf and Dumb Institute at Fulton, the Nevada Insane Asylum, and is now architect of the Missouri State University at Columbia, and was the architect of a large number of other buildings, public and private.  He is widely and well known through the west as one of the most capable and successful architects in this section of he country.  The buildings he has erected in the last ten years aggregate in value millions of dollars.  Mr. Bell is a member of the Ame4rican Institute of Architects.  He is also prominently identified with the business interests of Fulton, and in fact, of the entire State.  In business affairs he is one of the most energetic and active citizens of Callaway county, and is more than ordinarily public spirited and progressive in advocating and aiding measures for the advancement of its general interests.  Personally, Mr. Bell is popular with all classes, and being a man of culture and refinement, as well as of high character and personal worth, his standing is among the very best citizens of the State.  [See p. 68 for image of M. Fred Bell.]

S.H. BELL, blacksmith and carriage maker, is by birth a Tennessean.  He was born in that state November 28, 1838, the son of Samuel and Lena Bell.  He has since lived in Iowa, Kansas Mexico, Missouri, and since 1889 in Columbia.  He has been a carriage-maker since 1854, and knows every branch of the business thoroughly.  Mr. Bell is an Odd Fellow and member of the Triple Alliance.  In 1861 Mr. Bell married Miss Cornelia Payne, and, after her death, he married November 28, 1883, Miss Julia DeJarnett.  He has two children, Thos. B., and Louis.  Mr. Bell is now the senior member of the firm of Bell & Gillaspy.  [See p. 48 for photo of S.H. Bell.]

C.V. BICKNELL, coroner of Boone county, is a Kentuckian by birth but, since 1854, has been a resident of Missouri.  He was born June 18th, 1828, in Henry county.  In 1862, January 28, he was married.  Mr. Bicknell served under General Winfield Scott in the Mexican war and afterward was a confederate soldier.  He has been coroner eight years.  Mr. Bicknell is a resident of Columbia, a carpenter by occupation, a democrat of course, and an honored citizen.  He is now serving his second term as justice of the peace for this township.  [See p. 27 for photo of C.V. Bicknell.]

FREDERICK BIHR, wagon-maker, son of Matthew and Mary Bihr, was born in St. Gothard, Wurtemburg, Germany, August 15, 1837.  He came to the United States in 1854, and to Columbia in 1865.  On November 26, 1863, he married Miss Kate Henley.  They have two children living, Frank and Samuel.  Mr. Bihr has been for twenty years making the well-known Columbia Wagon, and has been making wagons for forty-two years.  He is Guide in the Knights of Honor, and a member of the Christian church.  He succeeded Capt. J.A. Adams in the wagon-making business.  [See p. 48 for photo of Frederick Bihr.]

FRED H. BINDER, of Jefferson City, is the builder of the main academic hall of the State University.  He was born and educated in Hanover, Germany, where under the direction of his father, a prominent architect and builder, he prepared himself for that calling.  In 1866, at the age of 20 years, he made a visit to the United States, where his uncle was living in Franklin county, Missouri.  The young man only intended remaining a year or two but he has become a permanent resident and citizen.  In the spring of 1867 he went to Jefferson City as a journeyman carpenter, later becoming superintendent of construction for his employer.  Since 1873 Mr. Binder has been engaged in business of his own as architect and builder.  Not content with local work he has become known all over the State as an honest, faithful workman.  Among the buildings constructed by him are: The Missouri Reform School at Boonville, school, chapel and additions to the Missouri Deaf and Dumb Institutions at Fulton, St. Peters church, Monroe House, Merchants and Exchange Bank, Jefferson City, Adams Block, Fulton, the Training School for Lincoln Institute and Missouri State University buildings.  For four years Mr. Binder had charge of the construction of the United States government building, Jefferson City, being appointed superintendent of construction under President Arthur and holding the position three years under President Cleveland.  The Jefferson City waterworks, of which Mr. Binder is president, were constructed under his supervision.  He was instrumental in organizing the first Building and Loan Association in Jefferson City and has been its president for ten years.  Mr. Binder is likewise president of the Jefferson City Bridge & Transit Company, a corporation to bridge the Missouri river at Jefferson City, and is a liberal supporter of the scheme.  He has held numerous honorable positions at the state capital, having been school director, councilman and mayor by unanimous vote.  Mr. Binder is married and has one son, Fred, favorably known here, now traveling in Germany for educational purposes.  Mr. Binder is a member of the German Evangelical congregation in Jefferson City.  Columbia people, among whom Mr. Binder has labored for two years, have learned to esteem him as a man of sterling worth, liberal, industrious and of the strongest integrity.  [See p. 68 for photo of F.H. Binder.]

J.P. BLANTON, A.M., professor of theory and practice of teaching in the State University, is a graceful speaker, a cultured and courteous gentleman and a teacher of marked ability.  Born near Farmville, Cumberland county, Virginia, January 29, 1849, at an early age he went to Kentucky under the care of an older brother, Rev. Dr. L.H. blanton.  Returning to Virginia he attended academies and private schools until 1864, when he entered Hampden Sidney College.  In brief time, however, he left college to join the Army of Northern Virginia in its last fateful campaign.  At the close of the war he re-entered college, graduating with honors in 1869.  Devoting himself to teaching, he was successively in charge of schools near Paris and Lexington, Kentucky, and in Ashley, Pike Co., Mo.  Then he was elected principal of Parker Seminary at Troy.  After four years of successful work at the head of that school he was elected superintendent of the Mexico schools, where he remained four years, building these schools up to high rank.  In 1882 he became president of the State Normal School at Kirksville.  Here his splendid executive ability and his inspiring personality advanced that institution to the highest rank among normal schools.  In 1891 Prof. Blanton was chosen to his present position.  There are few, if any, teachers who are more popular with old students and with all classes than prof. Blanton.  This fact, added to his acknowledged gifts as orator and professor, make him a valuable addition to the University faculty.  He is happily married and has several bright children.  Prof. Blanton is a stalwart democrat and a Presbyterian.  [See p. 39 for photo of J.P. Blanton.]

R.J. BOOTH was born in Northumberland county, Virginia, April 1, 1834.  He removed to Boone county in 1853.  He became associated with J.L. Matthews as carriage-maker.  Later he entered the furniture business and conducted this successfully for fifteen years.  Two years ago, because of paralysis, he was compelled to retire from active work.  Maj. Booth married, on October 10, 1883, Miss Virginia Hultz, daughter of the late Commodore P. Hultz.  They have three children.  Maj. Booth has been a hard-working citizen and is respected by all who know him.  [See p. 48 for photo of R.J. Booth.]

R.J. BOUCHELLE, postmaster of Columbia, is one of its most respected citizens.  Born in LaGrange, Tennessee, December 14, 1848, he removed to Louisiana in 1854 and to Columbia in 1878.  Mr. Bouchelle is the son of Dr. R.M. Bouchelle, and was educated in Tennessee and Bastrop, Louisiana.  Mr. Bouchelle entered the Confederate army at 16 years of age and served through the war.  Previous to coming to Columbia he was engaged in raising cotton.  In Columbia he was a member of the mercantile firms of Strawn, Ferguson & Bouchelle, and Strawn, Bouchelle & Elkin.  Mr. Bouchelle was nominated for postmaster at a democratic primary election held in June, 1893, and on December 20, 1893, was appointed to that office.  He makes an excellent postmaster, courteous and efficient.  Mr. Bouchelle was for several years chairman of the board of trustees of Columbia and is, of course, a democrat.  In December, 1874, Mr. Bouchelle married Miss Virginia Bradford.  They have four children: Lavinia, Julian, Emma, and Slater.  Mr. Bouchelle is a Mason.  [See p. 28 for image of R.J. Bouchelle.]

C.B. BOWLING, secretary and business manager of the McAlester Lumber Company since 1878, is one of the safest, mot successful and most industrious business men in Columbia.  He is at the head of a concern that does an immense amount of business annually.  Mr. Bowling was born in Columbia January 7, 1860, the son of J.D. Bowling, an esteemed citizen of this community.  He attended Stephens College and the State University.  Mr. Bowling is a Mason, a steward in the Methodist church and a democrat.  He as served in the city council and in other positions of trust.  On November 9, 1882, Mr. Bowling married Miss Laura J. Campbell, of Springfield, Missouri.  They have two children. C.C. and W.C.  [See p. 48 for photo of C.B. Bowling.]

GEORGE A. BRADFORD, farmer, resides on one of the best farms in the county, situated three miles southeast of Columbia on the Ashland gravel road.  He was born near Georgetown, Scott county, Kentucky, June 6, 1830, coming to Boone county with his parents in 1836.  In 1858 he married Miss Annie Smith, of Randolph county.  They have several children.  Mr. Bradford was educated at the famous Bonne Femme Academy.  He is a member of the Christian church, a democrat and belongs to a family which has done good service in building up Boone county.  He is an honorable citizen, a progressive and successful farmer.  [See p. 69 for photo of G.A. Bradford.]

DR. GEORGE A. BRADFORD is one of Columbia’s most promising physicians.  He was born in Boone county, Missouri, November 7, 1865, the son of George A. Bradford, a prosperous farmer.  Dr. Bradford was educated at the State University and the St. Louis Medical School.  He practiced medicine for four years in Ashland, coming to Columbia in March, 1893.  Dr. Bradford last fall attended special medical lectures in New York City.  He is a democrat, a member of the U.R.K. of P., the Triple Alliance, and the I.O.O.F.  He is not married.  [See p. 35 for photo of Dr. G.A. Bradford.]

ALEXANDER BRADFORD, JR., assistant postmaster, is, of course, a democrat.  He was born, the son of George A. And Annie E. Bradford, in Boone county, June 25, 1873.  He attended the State University for some time, but failing eye-sight compelled him to leave school in his sophomore year.  He was a farmer until January 1, 1894, when he was appointed assistant postmaster, which position he fills now to the satisfaction of every patron of the office.  He is a Mason.  [See p. 48 for photo of A.T. Bradford.]

WILLIAM A BRIGHT, president and superintendent of the Boone County Milling and Elevator Company, is one of Boone county’s best citizens, a man of high character, constant courtesy and recognized business ability.  In addition to his duties as miller he operates a farm of 1,300 acres, handles mules and cattle, is director in the Exchange National Bank and trustee of Christian College.  He is a member of the Christian church and, in political belief and practice, a democrat.  Mr. Bright was born in Callaway county, Missouri, September 8, 1850, and moved to Boone county in February, 1877.  He is the son of Judge M. and Jane Bright, of Callaway county, who moved to Missouri from Virginia.  On June 2, 1875, Mr. Bright married Miss Sallie Carter of Boone county.  They have seven children: Ada, Rella, Margaret, Adelia, Haden, Clarkson and Shirley.  Mr. Bright lives in a pleasant home northwest of Columbia.  [See p. 69 for photo of W.A. Bright.]

GARLAND C. BROADHEAD, professor of geology and mineralogy in the University of the State of Missouri, is a Missourian and has had a distinguished record of usefulness.  Few men have done more to develop and promote the material interests of the State than Prof. Broadhead.  None has written more extensively regarding the geology and none is looked upon as higher authority upon this and kindred subjects.  His writings cover 1,200 pages of books besides many newspaper articles.  Various honorable positions have come to Prof. Broadhead without his solicitation.  He was assistant geologist of Missouri in 1857 and again in 1871.  He was appointed and confirmed receiver of public moneys at Boonville in 1867, but declined.  In 1875 he was appointed by the Smithsonian Institute to collect for the Philadelphia Exposition.  In 1876 he was a member of the board of judges at this exposition.  He was appointed in 1864 to make surveys for the Missouri Pacific railroad in Western Missouri, in Kansas in 1879, and for the Louisiana & Missouri River railroad in 1870.  In 1881 he was special agent of the tenth census to report on building stones of Missouri and Kansas.  In 1884 he was appointed by the president and confirmed by the senate a member of the Missour8i River Commission.  In 1887 he was appointed to his present position, where he reflects credit upon his state and its chief school.  From 1889 to 1893, Prof. Broadhead served as a member of the State Board of Mines and Geology of Missouri, appointed by Gov. Francis.  Prof. Broadhead and family live in one of the most attractive homes in Columbia.  His national reputation brings him many inquiries on geological subjects to which he always gives courteous and complete replies.  Prof. Broadhead was born in Albemarle county, Virginia, on October 30, 1827.  He has resided I Columbia since 1872.  In 1864 Prof. Broadhead married Miss Marion W. Wright, of Cass county.  To them were born four children: Marion W., Whitsett, Garland C., Marion Gertrude, and Harry Howard. [That’s five – editor.] After the death of his first wife he married, in June, 1890, Miss Victoria R. Royall, of Columbia.  Besides the positions already named, Prof. Broadhead has been assistant engineer fo the Union Pacific railroad, assistant geologist of Missouri from 1857 to 1861, deputy collector of internal revenue from 1862 to 1864, assistant engineer Missouri Pacific railroad from 1864 to 1866, United States assessor, assistant geologist of Illinois in 1870, assistant geologist of Missouri 1871 to 1873, state geologist in 1873 to 1875, and has held other honorable positions.  Prof. Broadhead has been a member fo the Missouri River Commission since 1884.  He is a fellow of the Geological Society o American, of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, memer of the St. Louis Historical Society, Virginia Historical Society, of the American Association of Forestry, of the American Geographical Society, and various other scientific organizations.  He is politically a staunch democrat.  [See p. 39 for photo of G.C. Broadhead.]

FRANK E. BRUTON, of Sturgeon, merchant, has made his name a household word in Randolph, Monroe, Audrain and Boone counties by persistent advertising, low prices and fair dealings.  He is a splendid business man, chock full of energy and enterprise and thoroughly honest.  Mr. Bruton was born in Boone county, February 17, 1858.  He began business in 1872 in Centralia and in 1879 moved to Sturgeon and opened the Red Front cash store in 1890, which now does a business of $32,000 annually.  He married Miss Ida Harris.  They have one child, F.E., Jr.  Mr. Bruton was mayor of Sturgeon four years, member of the city council, is treasurer of the school board, democratic central committeeman, Knight Templar and member of the Christian church. His trade in all lines of merchandise is increasing largely each year.  [See p. 70 for photo of F.E. Bruton.]

JOHN MILLER BURNAM, assistant professor of Latin in the State university, was born April 9, 1864, in Bowie, Estell county, Kentucky.  In 1869 he came to Columbia, going to Richmond, Kentucky, in 1876, to St. Louis in 1878, to Richmond again in 1885, and to Columbia in 1891.  Mr. Burnam’s early education was given him by his father, E.H. Burnam (M.S.U. 1849).  He afterwards attended school at Central University, Richmond, Kentucky, Washington University, St. Louis, and Yale (B.A. and Ph.D.)  He traveled in France, Spain, Italy, Germany, England and Switzerland from August, 1886, to February, 1889.  Mr. Burnam served as professor of Latin and French in Georgetown College, Ky., from September, 1889, to June 1891.  He has since served with distinguished credit in the position he now holds.  Mr. Burnam is a member of the Richmond (Ky.) Baptist church.  In politics he is a free-trader and a democrat.  He is not married.  [See p. 39 for photo of J.M. Burnam.]

MIDDLETON S. BUSH, undertaker and dealer in furniture, of Centralia, is the oldest exclusive furniture dealer in Boone county.  He was born in this county in 1856, and except for seven years spent in Audrain county has been a resident of Boone county his entire life.  Mr. Bush married in 1875 Miss P.J. Brown.  They have two children, Rosa P. and C.W.  He was superintendent of the Centralia Baptist Sunday School three years and has been officer in the K. of P., A.O.U.W., and K.O.T.M., president of Aegis.  Mr. Bush is vice-president of the Centralia Building & Loan Association, which has done much to build up Centralia.  He is a democrat.  [See p. 80 for photo of M.S. Bush.]

J.R. CAMPBELL, general manager Singer Sewing Machine Company, at Moberly, is a citizen of Columbia and has been for about sixteen years.   His new home near the University is one of the most pleasantly arranged and attractive in the city.  Mr. Campbell was born in 1846, in Audrain county.  Except a brief residence in Johnson county, he resided in Audrain until in 1878 he came to Columbia.  He married Miss Amelia Turner, of Audrain county, in 1870.  Mr. Campbell served in the Confederate army from 1863 to the close of the civil war.  He as been a school director and member of th Columbia council.  For twenty-five years he has been general manager of the Singer company, having charge of all territory from St. Charles to the Iowa line, with headquarters at Moberly.  He is a Baptist, a democrat, a Mason and a member of the A.O.U.W.  Mr. Campbell is distinguished for liberality, good judgment and business enterprise.  He makes a fine citizen.  [See p. 49 for photo of J.R. Campbell.]

JOHN W. CARLISLE, city collector, was born in Fayette county, Kentucky, May 7, 1835, the son of Thomas Carlisle.  He was educated in the subscription schools of Kentucky.  Mr. Carlisle learned the carpenter’s trade and then gunsmithing.  He came to Columbia in 1855.  He was clerk for the late Maj. N.W. Wilson, and the mercantile house of Field, Samuel & Quisenbury, until 1858.  Mr. Carlisle was deputy sheriff under John M. Samuel four years.  In 1863 he engaged in business at Hallsville.  The next year he sold out and returned to Columbia, becoming a partner of Thomas W. Harrison in the tinshop and stove business.  Later he bought out Mr. Harrison’s interest and conducted the establishment alone until 1867.  Then he sold his store and bought a half interest in the Rocheport ferry.  After two years in the ferry trade he merchandised in Cooper county for some months.  In 1872 he returned to Columbia and opened a gunshop, which establishment he still conducts successfully.  In 1892 Mr. Carlisle was elected city collector by Columbia democrats.  His term of office expires in April, and he will be a candidate for re-election.  Mr. Carlisle is an honest and obliging citizen, well-liked by the people of this town where he has lived so long.  He is married and has one child, Mrs. R.J. Hodge.  Mr. Carlisle is a Mason, a member of the A.O.U.W., and of the Columbia Christian church.  [See p. 28 for photo of John W. Carlisle.]

WILLIAM J. CARTER, farmer and dealer in coal, is like many other successful citizens, a native of Boone county.  He was born July 6, 1865, the son of John W. and Margaret Carter.  He was educated at the State University.  On December 21, 1886, Mr. Carter married Miss Ada Bullard at Lexington, Missouri.  They have three children: Haden, Marie and Alcena.  Mr. Carter is an Odd Fellow, a member of the Christian church and a democrat.  [See p. 64 for photo of W.J. Carter.]

EDWARD BEAUFORD CAUTHORN, instructor in the University mathematical department, graduated from that institution with the degree of B.C.E.  He was born in Columbia October 21, 1874, and is the son of Prof. W.A. and Mary H. Cauthorn.  His father was for twenty years professor of mathematics in the University.  Mr. Cauthorn is a member of the Christian church, a democrat, and in 1893 won the Junior Rollins Scholarship in the University.  [See p. 40 for photo of E.B. Cauthorn.]

WILLIAM B. CAUTHORN, civil engineer and chemist, is twenty-four years of age, having been born in Columbia in 1870.  He entered the State University in September, 1883, spending two years preparing for scientific work.  During the succeeding three years he devoted his time to the scientific course, giving special attention to mathematics and chemistry.  In September, 1888, he entered the engineering department, graduating with two degrees in 1891.  The winter of ‘91-‘92 Mr. Cauthorn passed with the United States Engineering Corps on “The Red River of the South.”  He was afterwards employed as engineer by the Mokane Realty Company, and in various cities and towns.  He also taught chemistry in the University.  He is a young man of decided talent and with a bright future.  [See p. 48 for photo of W.B. Cauthorn.]

J.O. CHEATHAM, landlord of the Columbia Hotel, is the son of D.H. and M.V. Cheatham, and was born in Callaway county, Missouri, April 30, 1844.  At the age of 20 years Mr. Cheatham went to California, and in 1883 to Bentonville, Arkansas, but for the past eight years he has been a resident of Columbia.  In 1877 Mr. Cheatham married Miss Maggie Beatty.  The couple have six children: Sallie A., Lilburn L., Luther C., Wm. E., and M.B., now living, and one, Edna C., dead.  Mr. Cheatham has been engaged in the stock business nearly all his life.  For eighteen months he has had charge of the Columbia Hotel.  He served four years in the Confederate army, is a Mason and a democrat.  [See p. 49 for photo of J.O. Cheatham.]

EMMET C. CLINKSCALES, city marshal, was born in Carroll county, Missouri, March 12, 1858.  He came to Boone county, however, at an early age.  He has four five years served as city marshal.  He is an unswerving democrat.  Mr. Clinkscales is an honest man and a faithful officer.  His personal and official record is excellent.  On March 2, 1879, Mr. Clinkscales married Miss Mary Garth.  They have four children.  [See p. 49 for photo of E.C. Clinkscales.]

M.W. COFFEY, street commissioner, was born in Pike county, Illinois, February 24, 1843, removed to Randolph county, Missouri, in 1870, and to Columbia in 1875.  He was appointed street commissioner by Mayor J.H. Guitar in 1892, and has made an efficient officer.  He is married, has three children, is a member of the Methodist church and is, of course, a democrat.  [See p. 28 for photo of M.W. Coffey.]

A.H. CONLEY was born 8 miles northeast of Columbia, June 9, 1838.  For the last seven years he has been a resident of the city and engaged part of the time in mercantile pursuits.  He is the son of John Conley, and was educated in the district schools and at the State University.  Mr. Conley was a farmer until 1884.  He served as public administrator in 1872.  He is a stockholder in the Exchange National Bank, a democrat and a member of the Christian church.  On February 19, 1890, Mr. Conley married miss Carrie Eubank,of Paris, Missouri.  He was a gallant Confederate soldier during the late civil war, and possesses many cherished relics of that struggle.  He enlisted I 1861 and served through the war with Generals Sterling Price and Kirby Smith.  Mr. Conley was first lieutenant in Hartsville, Pleasant Hill and Jenkins’ Ferry, and in Price’s memorable raid.  He was for eighteen months a paroled prisoner.  Mr. Conley was a Shreveport, Louisiana, when the war ended, and has his parole issued by Gen. Canby’s Federal command.  [See p. 49 for photo of A.H. Conley.]

J. WILL CONLEY, merchant, was born in Boone county, May 11, 1835, son of John Conley.  The Conley family have always been or large importance in the progress and thrift of the community.  Mr. Conley, on November 5, 1857, married Miss Annie Reed.  They have seven children: Mollie B., Nettie, Minnie, Rosa, Gertie and Roy.  Mr. Conley has served as township collector and school director.  He taught school several years, and engaged in farming, and for the last two years has been merchandising in this city.  He is a Mason, a democrat and a zealous member of the Christian church.  [See p. 50 for photo of J.W. Conley.]

J.H. COONS, examiner of schools for the State University, was born in Shelbyville, this state, February 8, 1867, living there until the age of three years.  Since that time his home has been in Marion county.  Mr. Coons attended the University three years, graduating summa cum laude in 1890.  He was then private tutor to the family of Gov. D.R. Francis until the expiration of the Governor’s official term.  Mr. Coons studied law in the University of Virginia, then in the University of Missouri, and afterwards read law in the office of W.M.  Boulware at Palmyra.  He was admitted to the bar in April, 1894.  He has been doing good work in his new position as the University’s examiner of schools, to which he was appointed last October.  Mr. Coons is a member of the Christian church, a Mason and a democrat.  There are few brighter young men in Missouri.  [See p. 39 for photo of J.H. Coons.]

JOHN CRIST, merchant, was for thirty-five years contractor and builder, but for the past four years has been in the millinery business.  He was born December 6, 1838, in Brown county, Ohio.  He has resided in Knox and Cooper counties, Missouri.  In 1872 Mr. Crist made his home in Columbia.  He is a democrat and Knight of Pythias.  On February 10, 1857, Mr. Crist married Miss Marie Ellis, of Knox county, Missouri.  Five children have been born to them: Mrs. Mary Werner, Mrs. Susan Mosely, Mrs. Amanda Berkebile, George D. (Of Kansas City), and Fannie (died March 5, 1891.)  [See p. 50 for photo of John Crist.]

LUTHER M. DEFOE, assistant professor of mathematics in the University of the State of Missouri, is one of the few native Missourians connected with that institution.  He was born in Moniteau county, this state, and was educated at the Missouri University and Harvard.  Prof. Defoe is not a member of any church, but attends the Episcopalian.  He is married.  Prof. Defoe is a young man of fine intellect, a hard student and a successful teacher.  [See p. 40 for photo of L.M. Defoe.]

ALONZO T. DUNCAN, superintendent of the Columbia Planing Mill Company, has been, with the exception of four years in Illinois and St. Louis, a resident of his city since his birth here on November 18, 1845.  He is the son of James and Margaret Duncan.  He has been a contractor and builder since 1873, except two years, 1879 and 1880, when he was in the furniture business.   He was a member of the city council in 1883 and again in 1893.  He is a democrat and a school director, a mason and a member of the Christian church.  On June 30, 1875, Mr. Duncan married Miss Schraag.   They have four children: Rosa, Fred, Daisy and Helen.  Hr. Duncan is one of the finest mechanics in Central Missouri.  [See p. 50 for photo of A.T. Duncan.]

S.W. EARLY, of Centralia, was born in Monroe county, West Virginia, September 26, 1835.  Mr. Early came with his parents to Callaway county, Missouri, in 1842.  He farmed in Audrain county from 1855 to 1863, then engaged in merchandising in Mexico.  From there he went to Centralia, March 4, 1868.  Here his establishment was burned out in 1871.  Since that time he has been in real estate, loan and insurance business.  He is a leading member of the Christian church, a Mason and for ten years justice of the peace.  Mr. Early is an enterprising, wideawake citizen.  Few men in Boone county are more widely known or more generally liked.  Mr. Early married Mrs. Ruth E. Leach, of Audrain county, on August 26, 1857.  He has nine children living.  [See p. 72 for photo of S.W. Early.]

AMBROSE J. ESTES, merchant, son of Joseph Estes, has been a farmer and stock trader, and though now a member of the firm of Hickam & Estes, hardware merchants, continues in that business.  He was born in Boone county, January 23, 1862.  On November 20, 1884, he married Miss Foster Denny.  They have four children, Zannie May, Joseph M., James Denny and Ambrose, Jr.  Mr. Estes is a wide-awake, progressive citizen, a democrat and a member of the Christian church.  [See p. 50 for photo of A.J. Estes.]

EDWARD FARLEY, proprietor of the Columbia Marble Works, is a native of the Emerald Isle, and that beautiful land has sent to American few thriftier representatives.  Mr. Farly was born near Grouse Hall, County Cavan, Ireland, December 22, 1832.  Excepting the years from 1870 to 1879, when he resided in Saline county, Missouri, he has been a resident of Columbia since May, 1867.  He has been in the marble business forty years, and understands every detail of it thoroughly.  He is a Catholic and a democrat.  On June 16, 1860, Mr. Farley married in Mexico Miss Mary Montgomery, of Iowa.  To them six children were born: Henry, Frank, William, Lewis, Robert and John (deceased).  Mr. Farley is one of sixteen children, the oldest now living in Ireland at 82 years of age, and the youngest in St. Louis, 51 years old.  His father died at the age of 91 years.  Mr. Farley has never tasted tobacco, whiskey or beer, and never fired gun or pistol.  [See p. 50 for photo of Edward Farley.]

JAMES D. FAY, brickmaker and builder, was born in Orange county, New York, April 20, 1852.  He came to Sedalia in 1865, and in 1867 went to Covington, Kentucky, where he attended school in the winter and laid brick in the summer.  After an apprenticeship of three years he came to Columbia, and since 1870 has made this place his home.  He has been an honest, hard-working citizen.  Though a republican in politics, he has been honored with several offices and is now a member of the school board.  He has the largest brick-making establishment in th county, and sends out a fine quality of brick.  On October 16, 1873, Mr. Fay married Miss Henrietta Wingo, daughter of William Wingo.  They have four children.  Mr. Fay is a member of the Dirigimus Lodge, K. of P.  [See p. 50 for photo of J.D. Fay.]

WALTER HOMAN FICKLIN, of the University Academy faculty, has made a specialty of the study of Anthropology and natural science.  He is a son of the late Prof. Joseph Ficklin, and is a young man of much promise.  He was born in Columbia, April 9, 1873, and will graduate from the State University with the degree of B.S. in 1895.  He is a democrat and member of the Christian church.  [See p. 44 for photo of W.H. Ficklin.]

GEORGE E. FLOOD, county surveyor, is the only surviving son of Rev. Noah and Jane L. (Ayers) Flood.  He was born three miles north of Fulton, in Callaway county, Missouri, November 2, 1848.  He graduated with degrees in science and agriculture from the University in 1873.  In 1875 he began surveying as an assistant of county surveyor M.G. Quinn.  Mr. Flood has followed this occupation ever since, and is regarded as a surveyor thoroughly competent and of inflexible honesty.  In 1876 Mr. Flood was defeated for county surveyor.  In 1878 he served as deputy under Surveyor T.H. Halley, of Callaway.  In 1881 he received a diploma from the University in engineering, having studied specially surveying.  Mr. Flood has served as deputy circuit clerk under W.W. Garth and J.W. Stone, as deputy surveyor under W.E. Wright, and as deputy collector under Ben M. Anderson.  In 1888 he was elected county surveyor on the democratic ticket, and re-elected in 1892.  In 1888 Mr. Flood married Miss Nannie R. Martin, of this county.  They have thee children.  Mr. Flood is a Baptist.  [See p. 27 for photo of George E. Flood.]

JOHN TH. FYFER, real estate and fire insurance agent, has been nearly forty years a citizen of Columbia, honored for his integrity and business ability.  He was born in Canada in 1835, and came to Columbia a the age of 21 years.  For thirty-five years he was in the dry goods business in Columbia, and his name is indissolubly linked with Columbia merchandising.  Mr. Fyfer has two children, Lizzie and J. Kirkbride.  His wife died some years ago.  Mr. Fyfer has been for twenty-four years Senior Warden, and treasurer fr thirty-five years, of the Episcopal Church, and for twenty-five years a Mason and Knight Templar, and now Eminent Commander.  He has always been a democrat and never held or wanted office.  Few men in Columbia are better-read than Mr. Fyfer, and few can write or talk more entertainingly.  [See p. 51 for photo of J. Th. Fyfer.]

J.K. FYFER, formerly of the Columbia Telephone Exchange, is a son of J.Th. And L.J. Fyfer, and was born in Columbia, January 12, 1874.  He graduated in 1894, in electrical engineering with the degree of B.S.  Mr. Fyfer is an attendant at the Episcopal church and a charter member of Zeta Phi Chapter, Beta Theta Pi fraternity.  He is a quiet, industrious and intelligent young gentleman, who promises to win high honors.  [See p. 51 for photo of J.K. Fyfer.]

WALTER. W. GARTH, assistant cashier of the Exchange National Bank, was born in Columbia, January 27, 1848, his father, Jefferson Garth, being an esteemed pioneer citizen of this county.  He attended Christian College, Stephens College, and the State University.  In 1873 he was admitted to the bar.  He is a staunch democrat and has filled with acceptability a number of public offices.  He was for eight years, 1874 to 1881, circuit clerk and recorded of Boone county.  He has been chairman of the city council and is now a member of that body.  He was appointed to the office of probate judge in 1892 by Governor David R. Francis, and resigned to take his present position.  Judge Garth is a bright Mason and has filled the highest offices in the Commandery, Chapter, and Blue Lodge.  He is a member of the Society of the Sons of th Revolution, being a great-grandson of General William Russell of Virginia.  Judge Garth is one of the most popular citizens of Columbia, with wide acquaintance and hosts of friends.  On October 7, 1867, he married Miss Eva Samuel, daughter of the late John M. Samuel, a distinguished Columbian.  They have four children: Jefferson H., W.W., Mary and Lucy.  Judge Garth is a member of, and has a long time been a deacon in the Presbyterian church.  [See p. 51 for photo of W.W. Garth.]

W.L. GARVER, clerk of works and local superintendent of construction on the new University buildings, was born at Martinsburg, West Virginia, June 5, 1867, and is therefore only twenty-seven years old.  He spent his childhood years on the Kansas prairies, imbibing there the love of nature which has always possessed him.  In 1880, he removed with this parents to Fulton, Missouri, where he attended the public schools.  Later he attended Westminster College, having charge of the Telephone Exchange outside of school hours.  Mr. Garver went to Nevada with his uncle Architect M.F. Bell, in 1885, and remained there as telephone manager four years.  In 1889 he sought his fortune I Spokane, Washington, but, not finding it, journeyed down the Pacific coast.  In 1890 he joined a party who were going to Sinaloa, on the western coast of Mexico, to build up a model commonwealth.  The work was too hard and he returned to Nevada.  During this Mexico trip he met some unusual people and got started on the study of occultism and subjects generally called mystic.  He is still a tireless student along these lines.  In 1892 he came to Columbia to look after the construction of the University buildings.  Mr. Garver is a believer in astrology, psychic phenomena, clairovancy, and the ancient magic, and has met all eminent theosophists in the world.  He has done literary work and has written a 380 page novel, entitled “Brother of the Third Degree,” which has been issued by the Arena Publishing Company, of Boston, and which embodies some o the results of his studies, his interpretation of life, philosophical concepts and ideas.  He is not married.  [See p. 67 for photo of W.L. Garver.]

DAVID TANDY GENTRY, principal of the Columbia public schools, is an energetic, progressive, able and faithful teacher.  He was born in Clark county, Kentucky, November 24, 1852, and removed to Missouri in 1855.  He was raised near Sturgeon, where his father, Rev. P.T. Gentry resides.  Prof. Gentry entered Mt. Pleasant College in 1869, was graduated in 1874 with the degree of B.S.  In September, 1874, he was appointed to the chair of mathematics in his alma mater, which position he resigned in 1876.  He married, in 1876, Miss M.E. Eubank, daughter of J.C. Eubank, of Boone county.  From 1876 to 1878 Prof. Gentry resided in Los Angeles county, California.  In the latter year he returned to Missouri, accepting the principalship of the Huntsville schools.  He studied law and was admitted to the bar.  He practiced law for five years in Mexico.  In 1885 Prof. Gentry returned to teaching and took charge of the public school at Kirksville.  He went from there to Hamilton, and two years ago accepted the position he now fills.  Prof. and Mr. Gentry have four children.  Three are living: Gertrude, James H., and J.T.  Prof. Gentry is a democrat.  [See p. 29 for photo of D.T. Gentry.]

JUDGE THOMAS BENTON GENTRY, whose name for years has been identified with Columbia as one of her leading citizens, is a native of the town, having been born here October 13, 1830.  He graduated frm the University law department in 1874.  Mr. Gentry has held various official positions that have demonstrated the confidence which his fellow citizens have placed in his integrity, fidelity and efficiency, a confidence never betrayed.  He joined the Presbyterian church in 1850, and served as deacon form July 15, 1860, to May 31, 1863.  He was then made an elder, holding this office until April 19, 1891, when he resigned.  Mr. Gentry was assistant postmaster for eleven years, notary public for ten years, justice of the peace for ten years, resigning in 1877.  He was treasurer of th State University from 1862 to 1867, trustee of Columbia for ten years, chairman of the board two terms, town recorder in 1868-‘69, first president of the Columbia school board, and for years superintendent of the Presbyterian Sunday School.  Mr. Gentry is now president of the Columbia Cemetery Association, and has done much good work in the beautifying of the cemetery.  Mr. Gentry was twelve years in the mercantile business in Columbia.  In 1878 he came within a few votes of election to the office of county court judge.  Mr. Gentry is a republican in politics.  He has been twice married.  On October 30, 1860, he married Miss Mary E. Todd, who dying September 15, 1892, he married Miss Eugenia Babb on September 21, 1893.  He has two children: N.T. and W.R. Gentry.  Mr. Gentry is a man of decisive character and intense convictions.  During his long and honorable life in Columbia he has amassed considerable wealth, and is now retired from active mercantile business.  Mr. Gentry is a grandson of Richard Gentry, who was a revolutionary soldier and private in the company of Captain John Miller in the regiment of Colonel Richardson.  His grandfather was born in Albermarle county, Virginia, in September, 1763, and was at the surrender of Cornwallis.  This Richard Gentry was a son of David Gentry, a British soldier who came from England and served in the Continental army in th war against the French and Indians about the year 1750.  After the close of the revolutionary war, Judge Gentry’s grandfather removed from Virginia to Madison county, Kentucky, and raised a family of nineteen children, dying in 1843 at the age of 80 years.  Judge Gentry’s father was also Richard Gentry, one of the 19 children mentioned, and was a soldier of the war of 1812 and later of the Blackhawk war, and still late of the Florida war, and was killed at the battle of Okeechobee with the Seminoles on December 25, 1837.  [See p. 51 for photo of T.B. Gentry.]
NORTH TODD GENTRY, L.B., LL.B., lawyer, son of Thomas B. and Mary E. Gentry, is a native of Columbia.  He was born here March 2, 1866.  Graduated from the University academic department and in surveying in 1886, and law department in 1888.  Mr. Gentry is an elder in the Presbyterian church, and was commissioner to the General Assembly at Macon, George, in May, 1893.  He is mildly republican and has never been a candidate for political office, though often solicited to run.  Mr. Gentry has been superintendent of the Presbyterian Sunday School for six years.  Few young men in Columbia stand higher in the good opinion of the community as lawyer and citizen.  Mr. Gentry has ability, energy, prudence and integrity-qualities that made for success.  He is not married.  [See p. 34 for photo of N.T. Gentry.]

WILLIAM RICHARD GENTRY, assistant professor of modern languages at the University of the State of Missouri, is one of Columbia’s brightest and most popular young gentlemen.  Born in this city, September 28, 1869, he was educated at the State University, taking B.L. degree there in 1891.  He then took post-graduate course in the University of Paris and the University of Berlin.  He has also visited Frances, Germany and Mexico, for the purpose of perfecting himself in the languages of these countries that he might be better fitted for teaching.  He has much ability as an instructor and is doing good work in his present position.  Prof. Gentry is in politics a republican.  He is an active worker, member of the Presbyterian church, ex-president of the Boone county Christian Endeavor Union, and vice-president of the state organization.  Prof. Gentry is a son of Thos. B. Gentry of Columbia, and is not married.  [See p. 40 for photo of W.R. Gentry.]

FRANK A. GERLING, the enterprising young merchant, is a son of Frank and Pauline Gerling, and was born in Germany, May 16, 1868.  He came to Columbia with his parents in March, 1880.  On October 16, 1894, Mr. Gerling married C.A. Horning.  He has been for nine years baker and confectioner, and built up a large business.  Mr. Gerling is a Knight of Pythias.  He is secretary and treasurer of the financial committee of the Catholic church.  [See p. 52 for photo of F.A. Gerling.]

HENRY J. GERLING, principal of the Columbia High School, is one of the brightest young men in Missouri.  He is the son of F. and P. Gerling of this city, and was educated at the Christian Brothers College, St. Louis, and the State university.  At the University he graduated with the degrees of B.L., L.L.B., Pe.B.  He was elected, in 1891, tutor in the department of modern languages in the University.  In 1894, he accepted his present position.  Mr. Gerling was born in St. Louis county, Missouri, February 20, 1870.  He is not married.  [See p. 29 for photo of H.J. Gerling.]

WILLIAM A. GOODDING, collector of the revenue of Boone county, is one of the most prominent and successful democratic politicians.  He was born in Randolph county, Missouri, October 26, 1846; was educated in Mt. Pleasant College and Kirksville Normal School, and, after some years in Macon county, came to Boone October 20, 1872.  Here he has since made his home.  In 1882 Mr Goodding was elected sheriff, and again in 1884.  In 1890 he was appointed collector to succeed Ben M. Anderson, resigned.  He was elected collector in 1890, and re-elected in 1892.  Mr. Goodding has been six years a member of the city council and six years a member of the school board, of which last named body he is now chairman.  Mr. Goodding is a member of the Columbia Baptist church.  He is a Mason, a Knight of Pythias, and member of the A.O.U.W. and K.O.T.M.  On Christmas day, 1873, he married Miss Martha E. Berry.  Eight children were born to them, six of whom are now living: Nettie E., Lena, Charles W., James Watson, Carroll and Ruth.  [See p. 52 for photo of W.A. Goodding.]

CAREY H. GORDON, lawyer, is a son of John B. Gordon.  Mr. Gordon was born in Columbia, June 10, 1844, and was educated at the University.  He served for three years in Company B., 9th Missouri State Militia, during the civil war.  In 1872 he began the practice of law in Columbia and has always stood in the front rank of Boone county lawyers.  He has served Boone county efficiently as prosecuting attorney and has always dealt honestly with the county and his clients.  He married in 1876, Miss Julie Long, of Bridgeton, St. Louis county.  They have seven children.  A fine group picture of the family, who are remarkable singers, is given on this page.  Mr. Gordon resides at Maple Heights, an excellent far two miles east of Columbia.  He is a member of the Christian church.  His wife is a Baptist.  Mr. Gordon is a democrat and a man of sterling integrity.  [See p. 75 for photo of C.H. Gordon and his family as the “Maple Heights Glee Club” plus a photo of son M. McDowell Gordon.]

DAVID GORDON, deceased, was one of Boone county’s pioneers.  The Gordon family has always been prominent in the County’s history.  In 1826 David Gordon, a native of North Carolina, but for long years a resident of Kentucky, moved to Missouri and made his home in Boone county.  David Gordon had amassed considerable wealth in Madison county, Ky.  There he married Miss Jane Boyle, sister of Chief Justice John Boyle.  There his distinguished son, John Boyle Gordon, was born.  David Gordon’s old homestead, where he located nearly seventy years ago, is the present property of Scott D. Gordon.  Two admirable photographs of the old place, now called Fairmont, are presented in this book.

JOHN BOYLE GORDON, studied law under the greatest minds in Kentucky.  There he married Miss Sophia, daughter of Nicholas Hawkins, a prosperous Madison county farmer, and entered upon the practice of his profession.  Upon his removal to Missouri he easily took a place at the head of the bar in the state.  He was elected to the legislature as a whig half a dozen times, defeating Austin A. King, his law partner, afterwards governor of the state.  To the eloquence of John B. Gordon is largely due the enthusiasm created in Boone county which occasioned the raising of the contribution which brought the State university to Columbia.  From 1840 to 1843 Mr. Gordon was a citizen of his old home in Kentucky and there had for a student in his office, Samuel Miller, Afterwards Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.  Returning to Columbia Mr. Gordon gradually withdrew from the practice of law in which he had achieved such remarkable and deserved renown.  He died February 13, 1855, on the farm east of Columbia, now owned by his son, Carey H. Gordon, and called Maple Heights.  John B. Gordon had five children: Mrs. R.H. Clinkscales, Mrs. Owen Root, Boyle, Wellington and Carey H.

SCOTT D. GORDON, farmer and stock man, is a son of Judge David Gordon, Jr., a prominent lawyer, brother of John B.  His home is the original homestead of the Gordon family and its name “Fairmont” hints at its delightful location and fine view.  Mr. Gordon is an enterprising, progressive citizen, who has been quite successful in handling fine stock.  He is widely and favorably known.  On his farm are unknown quantities of coal and building stone.  Its admirable situation makes it probable that the Gordon homestead will ere long become town lots whereupon many Columbia people will find charming homes.  [See p. 74 for photo of Scott D. Gordon.]

WELLINGTON GORDON, lawyer, son of John B. Gordon, was born in Columbia January 31, 1838.  His mother was a woman of exemplary piety, and superior worth, and the success of her family has been largely due to her Christian influence.  Wellington Gordon was educated at the Missouri State University.  When a boy he served as deputy circuit clerk in the office of R.L. Todd, after which he studied law in the office of his brother Boyle, who had already reached distinction at the western bar.  He completed his course of reading in 1859, and was admitted to the bar, after which he opened an office in Kansas City.  In the course of two years his health failed and he returned to Columbia to recuperate.  After his recovery he entered the office of Guitar & Gordon.  In 1866 he was appointed and later elected county attorney, which place he filled for several terms satisfactorily.  Since that time he has devoted his talents to a lucrative practice, in conjunction with his brother Carey H. Gordon.  He was married December 13, 1866, in Memphis, Tennessee, to Miss Laura Amonett, a lady of superior attainments, whose father, Judge James I. Amonett, was prior to his removal to Memphis, a leading lawyer in Louisiana.  Mr. Gordon’s family numbers eight living children: Kate, now Mrs. Geo. C. Shiels, of Denver, Colorado, Reverdy J., Fleetwood, Ida Root, Martha Laura, Sophia and John Harold.  In politics Mr. Gordon is a staunch democrat.  He is a member of the K. of P.  He is recognized throughout Central Missouri as one of the ablest advocates and best posted attorneys.  [See p. 74 for photo of Wellington Gordon.]

R.S. GRADY, of Midway, postmaster and merchant, was born in Howard county, Missouri, June 30, 1855.  His parents came from Virginia in an early day and settled near Glasgow.  His father, William Grady, was a prosperous farmer and tobacco merchant and lived on the same farm he entered up to the time of his death which occurred in 1885.  His mother is still living, aged 78 years.  Mr. Grady is the youngest of a family of eleven children.  He married Miss Alice Preston, of Fayette, March 27, 1883.  Mr. and Mrs. Grady have three children: Sidney, Rosalie and Robert C. (Deceased).  Mr. Grady lived on his Howard county farm until 1891 when he engaged in the mercantile business at Midway.  He has been postmaster since September 13, 1893, and has made many friends.  Both as an officer and a merchant he has given the utmost satisfaction to the prosperous and intelligent community around Midway.  [See p. 77 for photo of R.S. Grady.]

OMAR D. GRAY, editor of the Sturgeon Leader, was born in Sturgeon, May 17, 1869.  He learned the printer’s trade in the office of the Louisiana (Missouri) Press, and is a first-rate compositor as well as an indefatigable news-gatherer, a splendid solicitor and fine business manager.  He bought the Sturgeon Leader August 20, 1888, and has made it a better paper ever since.  He established the Hallsville Hustler October 11, 1894.  Mr. Gray is a general favorite with his contemporaries, has been several times a delegate to the National Editorial Association and is now president of the Northeast Missouri Press Association.  Though a democrat, he never held any office, except bank director, and never expects to.  He is not yet married.  [See p. 38 for photo of O.D. Gray.]

LEOPOLD GROSSMAN, the leading citizen of Rocheport, though 78 years old is still an active business man.  He was born in Baden, Germany, November 15, 1817.  Mr. Grossman became a miller and baker in early life, and worked at these occupations in various European cities.  He came to American in 1840, and to Rocheport in 1844.  Of this place he has since been a prominent citizen, and no man in that town is better known.  He has been baker, miller, druggist, merchant and capitalist.  He built the Rocheport roller mills, is stockholder in the Rocheport ferry company, owns property in Arrow Rock and a fine farm near Rocheport, and is a stockholder in the Rocheport bank.  He has done more than any other man to build up the business interests of Rocheport.  He was mayor of the town ten years.  On August 14, 1842, he married Miss Malinda Wakely, of St. Charles.  They have four children living: Mrs. W.E. Evans, of Boonville, Mrs. E.H. Chinn of Rocheport, Houston and Eliza.  [See p. 73 for photo of L. Grossman.]

DAVID GUITAR, farmer, is a native of Richmond, Madison county, Kentucky, where he was born May 1, 1827.  His father, John Guitar, was a native of France, coming to America in 1819.  John Guitar and his family came to Columbia, Missouri, in 1829.  Here David Guitar has since resided, a citizen of sterling integrity, of vigorous views and of active life.  He was among the first students of the State University.  He served a year in the war with Mexico.  In 1849 he went overland to California, remaining there three years.  Returning to Columbia he engaged in the mercantile business under the firm name of Baker & Guitar.  After seven years he sold his interest to his partner, J.F. Baker, and in the spring of 1860 bought the fertile farm two miles northeast of Columbia where he yet resides.  During the civil war he served in the Union army as captain.  From 1860 to 1876 Capt. Guitar was in the milling business in Columbia.  Capt. Guitar married, October 25, 1854, Miss Harriet Herndon, a daughter of Fleetwood Herndon, native of Fredericksburg, Va.  To them were born ten children, eight now living: J.H., D.G., Bessie, Mattie, Hattie, William, Edward and John.  Capt. Guitar is an outspoken democrat and one of the most energetic men in Boone county.  The portrait o him taken years ago will be of special interest.  Besides farming he is a director in the Boone County National Bank and interest in many other enterprises.  [See p. 69 for photo of David Guitar.]

DAVID G. GUITAR, book-keeper and ass’t sup’t of the Boone County Milling Co., is the son of Capt. David and Harriet Guitar, of this county.  Withe the exception of three years—1890-‘93—passed in Waco, Texas, he has been a resident of Columbia since his birth.  He was educated at the State University.  His marked courtesy and cleverness have made him a successful business man.  He was formerly a member of the W.B. Nowell Grocery Company, and more recently of Stevenson & Guitar.  He is single a democrat, and a Knight of Pythias.  [See p. 52 for photo of D.G. Guitar.]
JAMES H. GUITAR, mayor of Columbia, was born April 17, 1859, in Boone county, and is the son of Capt. David Guitar.  Mr. Guitar married Miss Sallie Young, daughter of Dr. Young.  They have three children.  Mr. Guitar has been engaged in the livery, feed and sale stable business, and has been quite successful.  He has bought and sold a great number of horses and mules.  Mr. Guitar is a progressive citizen, and was elected mayor of Columbia upon the democratic ticket four years ago, the first mayor since the re-organization of the city government.  In 1894 he won the democratic nomination over two strong competitors for treasurer of Boone county, and was elected the following November without opposition.  He promises to make an excellent official.  [See p. 28 for photo of James H. Guitar .]

A.E. HACKETT, director Missouri weather service, has been a resident of Columbia since February, 1894, and has made a faithful, efficient and courteous official.  New York is Mr. Hackett’s native state, and Moira his native town.  Here he was born April 11, 1866.  Mr. Hackett was an apprentice in a Michigan newspaper office in 1881.  He went to Santa Fe, New Mexico, in 1884, and entered the regular army of the United States as a private in company #, 22n infantry.  He was made corporal in 1886, sergeant in 1887, and in 1888 removed with his regiment to Ft. Totten, North Dakota.  In July, 1889, Mr. Hackett re-enlisted in the United States signal corps, and was assigned t duty at St. Paul, Minnesota.  He has since been stationed in Grand Haven, Mich., Ft. Custer, Mont., (during the Sioux war), in Denver, Colo., in Nashville, Tenn., Montgomery, Ala., Manitee, Mich., and Springfield, Mo.  Mr. Hackett is regarded as one of the most proficient observers in the service.  He married, January 23, 1890, Miss Eva G. Hackett, of Keeler, Mich.  They have one child, Harold, three years old.  [See p. 68 for photo of A.E. Hackett.]

JAMES CLINTON HALL, assessor of Boone county, is a native of the county.  His father, Daniel Hall, was born in Kentucky and his mother in Missouri.  He lived on a farm until 18 years of age, and then attended McGee College three years.  He contemplated the study of law, but began teaching in Hallsville and continued there eight years.  He was for four years superintendent fo the Columbia public schools and of the Centralia schools for four years.  During his sixteen years’ service as teacher, he was constantly president or secretary of the teachers’ institute.  Mr. Hall was county superintendent three terms.  His health having failed, he bought a farm east of Hallsville, in Rockyfork township, and traded in mules.  In 1873 he married Miss Genevra R. Pollard, daughter of James P. Pollard, of Hallsville, They have four living children: Omar W., Willis Pollard, James R. And Lucy Maud.  One daughter, Rosa Mabel, died October 6, 1884, aged four years.  Mr. And Mrs. Hall are members of the Columbia Christian church.  Mr. Hall is a member of the A.O.U.W. and the Triple Alliance.  He was elected assessor of Boone county on the democratic ticket in 1890, re-elected in 1892, and again in 1894.  He has made seven campaigns for office in Boone county and won in six.  In 1892, Mr. Hall sold his farm east of Hallsville and bought the Boulton farm, 2 1-2 miles north of Columbia, one of the best in the county.  Mr. Hall comes of a family that has done much to build up Boone county, and is a fine representative of an honored name.  [See p. 27 for photo of James C. Hall.]

JOSIAH HALL, of Hallsville, was born in Paris, Monroe county, Missouri, July 31, 1835.  His parents lived in Paris until Josiah was a year old.  They then moved on a farm near New Bloomfield, Callaway county.  Here he lived until he was 21 years old.  He received only a common school education, attending school but three months in the years.  After arriving at the age of 21 years he came to Boone county.  He engaged in wagon-making near Hallsville with his uncle Kincade Caldwell.  After eighteen months service he bought out his uncle’s establishment.  On January 14, 1858, he married Miss Charlotte Roberts.  Mr. Halls’s father came to Missouri from Kentucky in 1819, his mother from North Carolina in 1833.  Mr. Hall has lived on a farm the most of his life.  While he has not accumulated a great amount of wealth he has prospered moderately, has entertained his friends hospitably and given liberally to all worthy causes.  He is an honest man, respected and esteemed everywhere.  Mr. Hall united with the Southern Methodist church in his fifteenth year, and has always been a loyal, zealous worker.  For twenty-five years he served as steward and has only missed one quarterly meeting during all this time.  The first vote Mr. Hall ever cast was in Hallsville for the democratic party and he has never wavered in his allegiance.  Mr. Hall has served fourteen years as justice of the peace in Rocky Fork township.  There have been only three appeals from his court and his decision has never been reversed.  Mr. Hall was a candidate for the democratic nomination for county judge in 1894 and only defeated by a few votes.  [See p. 79 for photo of Josiah Hall.]

GEORGE W. HARRELL, SR., merchant tailor, was born in Morton county, North Carolina, November 27, 1827, removing to Columbia, Missouri, in 1868.  On March 22, 1849, Mr. Harrell married Martha R. Biller, of North Carolina.  Four children were born of this union: George L., Annie D., William D., and Lula all now dead.  His wife dying June 11, 1861, he married Mrs. Julia A. Harris of Petersburg, Virginia.  They have one son, George W. Jr.  Hr. Harrell was a member of the city council of Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1868.  He has been a Methodist since August, 1855.  He is a democrat.  Mr. Harrell has been in the tailoring business since 1843, and the popularity of his establishment in the Music Hall building demonstrates his proficiency.  [See p. 52 for photo of G.W. Harrell Sr..]

GEORGE W. HARRELL, JR., merchant tailor, was born in Greensboro, North Carolina, May 17, 1867, but since 1868 has resided in Columbia.  He is a son of George W. Harrell, and is associated with his father in business.  Mr. Harrell served six years as an apprentice, graduating from the John J. Mitchell & Co. garment cutting school of New York.  He is an artistic and rapid workman.  Mr. Harrell is a steward in the Souther Methodist church, and, politically, a democrat.  He married Miss Bessie Sewell, November 30, 1892.  They have one child, Charles Sewell.  [See p. 52 for photo of G.W. Harrell, Jr..]

HERMAN FERMAIN HARRIS, teacher of Latin and Greek in the University Academy, was born in Crystal City, Jefferson county, Missouri, August 4, 1871.  He is a son of A.F. Harris, a native of the island of Guernsey, soldier and sailor, member of the Royal Guernsey Militia.  The other side of the house is of Virginia and Kentucky ancestry.  He was educated at the State University, taking the A.B. and Pe.B. degrees in 1894.  Mr. Harris has been a resident of Columbia since 1887.  Few young men are more universally esteemed and none has a more promising future.  He is an active worker in the Presbyterian church, and a diligent student. [See p. 44 for photo of H.F. Harris.]

JOHN S. HARRIS, cashier of the Ashland bank, was born on a Boone county farm in 1854.  He has been an active, industrious, honorable citizen.  Since the age of 15 years he has been an earnest, consistent member of the Baptist church.  He married, in 1889, Miss Sallie H. Hall of Salem, New Jersey.  They have one daughter and one son.  Mr. Harris has been cashier of the Ashland bank since its organization ten years ago and is a progressive, public-spirited business man.  Such men are an honor to any town.  Mr. Harris is a staunch democrat, though not an office-hunter.  [See p. 72 for photo of J.S. Harris.]

W.E. HARSHE, merchant, was born in Monongehala City, Pennsylvania, September 16, 1847.  In 1859 he removed to Louisiana, Missouri, in 1865 to St. Louis, and in January, 1894, became a dealer in books and stationery in Columbia.  In this business he has, by his enterprise and fair dealing, been most successful, and his attractive store is one of the institutions of which the town in proud.  Mr. Harshe was a commercial traveler for twenty-three years—seventeen years for one house, R.D. Patterson & Co., of St. Louis.  He was for five years a member of the board of trustees of North Missouri Institute, at Salisbury.  On September 5, 1877, he married Miss Emma Robinson, of Salisbury.  They have one child, Robert.  Mr. Harshe is a Baptist and a democrat.  [See p. 53 for photo of W.E. Harshe.]

REV. GREENE WAGGENER HATCHER, pastor of the Columbia Baptist church, is a minister of high character, ability and force.  He has done a good work in Columbia and won many devoted friends.  Mr. Hatcher was born in Greene county, Kentucky, August 5, 1846, and came to Missouri in March, 1870.  He was married in Kentucky in1873.  Mr. Hatcher was ordained to the ministry in April, 1872.  He preached in Carroll county, Missouri, until 1878.  He then went to Miami, Saline county, serving that church five years.  He then went to Carrollton, where he preached six years, and afterward to Kansas City for four years.  For the past two years, Mr. Hatcher has preached to the Columbia church.  Since his ordination, he has preached 3,860 sermons, baptized 669 persons, and married 219 couples.  [See p. 30 for photo of Rev. G.W. Hatcher.]

BERNARD E. HATTON, merchant, is the son of T.J. and M.A. Hatton, of England, and was born in St. Louis on August 27, 1863.  He removed to Columbia in 1880.  Here he married, on October 15, 1885, Miss Carey L. Tillery.  They have one child, Edward B., three years old.  Mr. Hatton has been in the wall paper business in Columbia twelve years.  He is now manager of Haden Opera House.  He is a Catholic and a prohibition democrat.  [See p. 52 for photo of B.E. Hatton.  And see p. 9 for photo of son Edward B. Hatton.]

COL. J.J. HICKMAN, Past Grand Templar of the Independent Order of Good Templars of the World, was born May 26, 1839, in Lexington, Kentucky, the son of the distinguished James L. Hickman of that state.  At the age of 19 years he married Miss Lizzie Hollingsworth.  He studied law and medicine, managed a successful life insurance company, but since 1867 his chief work has been that of preaching temperance.  He has delivered temperance addresses in every state in the Union, and in nearly every country in the world.  He has been elected unanimously and repeatedly to the highest offices n the temperance organizations.  His oratory is singularly attractive and his manner persuasive and effective.  No citizen of Columbia has a wider acquaintance among reformers, none has traveled more widely.  Col Hickman counts Columbia his home but travels frequently and spends his winters upon his orange plantation in Florida.  Col. and Mrs. Hickman have two sons: James K., of Florida, and Newton H., of Columbia.  Col. Hickman is member of the Columbia Baptist church.  [See p. 53 for photo of J.J. Hickman.]

FREDERICK CHARLES HICKS, B.A., Ph.D, professor of political economy in the University fo the State of Missouri, has proven one of the most valuable accessions to the teaching force of that institution.  He is cultured, progressive and courteous, and has stamped his individuality upon the department of which he is the able head.  He is the son of Rev. H.W. Hicks, of the Methodist church, and was born in Michigan, January 1, 1863.  Dr. Hicks was educated at the University of Michigan, taking the degree of B.A. in 1886, and Ph.D. in 1890.  He taught in Michigan public schools in 1881 and 1882 , at La Porte, Indiana, 1886 and 1888.  In 1890 he was a special collector of shipping statistics for the eleventh United States census.  From 1890 to 1892 Dr. Hicks was instructor in political economy in the University of Michigan.  Elected to the chair of history and political economy in December, 1891, he entered upon his work here n February, 1892.  Dr. Hicks is a member of the American Economic Association, the Political Science Association of the Mississippi Valley, the American Statistical Association, the British Economic Association, the St. Louis Academy of Sciences, and the Episcopal church.  In September, 1890, he married Miss Sheldon, of Chicago, a Wellesley graduate and a most gifted woman.  They have one child, a son three years old, Louis Lowell.  [See p. 43 for photo of F.C. Hicks; and see p. 4 for photo of Lewis Lowell Hicks.]

JOSEPH E. HIGBEE, manager of the Goss & Glenn Clothing Company, has been a resident of Columbia about two years.  During that time he has established a reputation for business capacity, honest and geniality that might be envied by older citizens.  Mr. Higbee is a native of Hannibal, Missouri.  There he was born February 12, 1858, and attended school.  He removed to Schell City, Missouri, in 1881, and was in the clothing business there twelve years.  While in Schell City Mr. Higbee married Miss Bettie Gash, November 14, 1883.  He is a democrat.  Mr. Higbee came to Columbia in February, 1893, as manager and stockholder of the Goss & Glenn Clothing Company, one of he largest concerns in the Southwest.  [See p. 54 for photo of J.E. Higbee.]

EDWARD W. HINTON, of the firm of Turner, Hinton & turner, lawyers, is a son of the lat e Judge John Hinton, one of the best beloved citizens of Boone county.  He was born in Rocheport, November 29, 1868, educated at the State University and Columbia College, new York, receiving the degree of L.L.B. from each institution.  On July 15, 1891, her married Miss Mary Hood Turner, daughter of Col. Squire Turner.  They have two children.  Mr. Hinton has been a law partner of Col. Turner four years.  He is an indefatigable student, of bright mind, and there are few more gifted young lawyers than he.  Mr. Hinton is a democrat and a member of the Phi Delta Phi and Phi Delta Theta fraternities.  [See p. 34 for photo of E.W. Hinton, and see p. 5 for photo of Katharine Hinton, suspected to be the daughter of E.W. Hinton.]

WALTER F. HODGE, circuit clerk and recorder of Boone county, a most obliging officer and genial gentleman, was born in Montgomery county, Kentucky, November 16, 1844.  He came to Boone county in 1857.  He was two years deputy collector, four years in the office of the county clerk, eight years deputy circuit clerk, and is now serving his second term as circuit clerk.  He is a stalwart democrat and an honest man.  Mr. Hodge married, on December 23, 1890, Miss M.E. Douglass, of Columbia.  He is a member of the Christian church and the A.O.U.W.  Mr. Hodge is known in every school district in Boone county, and his popularity is shown by his unopposed re-election to the office he holds.  [See p. 26 for photo of Walter F. Hodge.]

C.C. HOPPER, merchant, is a son of James E. and Mary Hopper, and was born in Boone county, November 13, 1842.  He was educated in the common schools and farmed until he was 32 years of age.  He has been a groceryman in Columbia twenty years, and, by strict attention to business, has built up a large and increasing trade.  He is a Maccabee, a member of the Triple Alliance and Treasurer of the local lodge.  In politics Mr. Hopper is a democrat.  In religion he is a staunch Methodist, and for twenty-five years has held official position in the church.  He is now steward.  On October 20, 1862, Mr. Hopper married Miss Annie Grooms.  [See p. 54 for photo of C.C. Hopper.]

W.W. HORNBERGER, merchant, is a Buckeye.  He was born in Stark county, O., August 21, 1846.  When 12 years of age he moved to Waterloo, Indiana.  After his father’s death he was a resident of Chicago for three years.  He lived in St. Paul and Minneapolis for two years, and in St. Louis for eighteen months.  For the last eighteen year, however, he has been a citizen of Columbia.  He is doing a successful business in plumbing, steam-fitting and kindred lines.  His shop, located in Music Hall building, on Ninth street, is always a busy one.  [See p. 54 for photo of W.W. Hornberger.]

JOHN P. HORNER, real estate agent, is a native Missourian, born April 10, 1830, in Howard county.  His father moved from Richmond, Virginia, to Missouri, in1819.  Since 1852 Mr. Horner has resided in Boone county.  He has always been a democrat.  His first vote for president was for James K. Polk, in 1844.  Mr. Horner was a candidate for representative in 1860, but was beaten 55 votes by James Gordon, whig.  He was defeated for county clerk by Capt. H.N. Cook at a time when few democrats were allowed to vote.  Mr. Horner has been for many years actively connected with the business, political and social life of Boone county, and is well and favorably known throughout the state.  He has been nearly 60 years a member of the Methodist church.  Mr. Horner is a widower.  [See p. 53 for photo of J.P. Horner.]

ELD. J.C. HOWELL, pastor of the Christian church at Centralia, and editor of the Christian Worker, was born in Hardin county, Kentucky, June 4, 1851.  His father was born in Abingdon, Virginia, but was raised in Hawkins county, East Tennessee, where he was married to Sarah C. McKirgan, an Irish lady of splendid ability and great religious conviction.  Early in their married life they emigrated to Kentucky.  They were the parents of eleven children of whom J.C. is the youngest.  At the age of 16 he was sent to Weston, Platte county, Missouri, to complete his education.  After remaining in Missouri three years he returned to his native state and in the spring of 1870 married Miss Laura B.  Doran.  He was hardly twenty and she but sixteen years of age.  He the followed farming until the fall of 1882 when at the urgent solicitation of many friends he began preaching.  In September, 1884, he received and accepted a call to become the pastor of the Christian church at Weston, the scene of his former school days.  In 1887 he was chosen evangelist of the 4th missionary district, embracing Platte, Clay, Clinton and Buchanan counties.  He resigned that work and under the direction of th state board, located at Excelsior Springs, in Clay county, and succeeded in organizing a congregation and building a beautiful church edifice, having a membership of 219.  He resigned that work to accept a call from the church at Richmond, Ray county, Missouri, where he remained as pastor nearly four years.  This work he laid down of his on accord.  The years 1893 he spent in preaching for the church at Norborne, Carroll county, and Rocheport, Boone county.  In January, 1894, he was called as pastor at Centralia, where in less than one year he has added 101 persons to the church.  In 19 years in Missouri over two thousand persons have been brought into the church by his labors.  His family consists of six children: Lizzie, William, belle, Ollie and Ruby and Maud (deceased).  Mr. Howell is a vigorous, energetic, fearless preacher and his ministrations have resulted in much good.  [See p. 79 for photo of J.C. Howell.]
F.D. HUBBELL, of the Hubbell Dry Goods Co., is one of the safest and most successful young merchants in Columbia.  He is a native of Ray county, Missouri, where he was born May 1, 1863.  He has lived I Columbia since 1867, his father, John P. Hubbell, being one of our most substantial citizens.  Mr. Hubbell was educated at the State university.  He has been in the dry goods business fourteen years.  He is a member of the Christian church, of the board of directors of the Columbia Cemetery Association and of the board of trustees of Christian College.  He is a Knight of Pythias and Knight Templar, and an officer in all three Masonic bodies.  Mr. Hubbell is an active partisan democrat.  He married, in 1894, Miss Susie Curtis, of Fulton.  [See p. 53 for photo of F.D. Hubbell.]

BENJAMIN B. HUNT, merchant and postmaster at Huntsdale, a new town on the M.K. & T. Railroad, is the son of W.B. Hunt and is a native of Boone county.  He belongs to a family that has done much to make this county prosperous and that has been prominent in public affairs.  Mr. Hunt is owner of one of the largest general stores in the county and is interested in other enterprises.  He is about 35 years old and married.  Mr. Hunt is one of the most enterprising citizens of the county.  [See p. 79 for photo of B.B. Hunt.]

HENRY JENKINS, representative of Boone county in the Thirty-Eighth General Assembly of Missouri, is holding the only office he ever asked for and is reflecting credit upon the democratic constituency that elected him.  Mr. Jenkins is a man of sterling honesty, of thoughtful and earnest views upon public questions.  He is a farmer, living in Cedar township.  His postoffice is Ashland.  He was born September 9, 1854.  His father was a Kentuckian and his mother a Virginian.  Mr. Jenkins was educated in the common schools.  He has been for fourteen years a member of the Baptist church.  He was four years secretary of the Farmers & Laborers Union of Boone county and for one year state secretary of the Triple Alliance.  [See p. 25 for photo of Henry Jenkins.]

RICHARD HENRY JESSE, president of the University of the State of Missouri, was born I 1853, in Virginia, on the old Ball farm, the home of Washington’s mother.  He was educated at Hanover Academy, the oldest and best preparatory school in Virginia, and graduated with distinction at the famous University of Virginia.  He was for two years the principal of a high school in Princess Anne, Maryland.  For thirteen years previous to coming to Columbia he had been connected with Tulane University, New Orleans.  When the University of Louisiana desired a dean of the academic department and chairman of the faculty, Dr. Jesse was selected.  His work in this arduous position won him much praise, and was the means of much good to the University.  He had to look after the legislature, city council and politicians generally, watch the affairs of the institution, and to rescue it from the desperate strait in which it was when he took the helm.  This he did with signal success, and when Tulane University and the University of Louisiana were consolidated, eh was unanimously elected to a most important chair in the reorganized institution, that of senior professor of Latin.  This position he held, at a salary of $3,000 a year, until June, 1891, when he entered upon the duties of his present office, of which he was unanimously elected in December, 1890.  Politically Dr. Jesse is a Jeffersonian democrat, though not an active partisan.  In religion he is an open communion Baptist, but not bigoted or sectarian.  He is a man of liberality, scholarship, excellent ability and marked individuality.  He married in Princess Anne county, Maryland, in July, 1872, Miss Addie Polk, a most estimable woman, a member of the Presbyterian church.  They have six children.  Dr. Jesse is the seventh president of the University During his administration has occurred the great fire and the greater growth which has made a splendid new university on the site of the old.  The state of Missouri, since he was elected as president, has given more money to higher education than has ever been given in the same length of time by any other state institution.  Though attacked and criticised [sic] as all men are in public place, he has made an excellent record in his high office, and won the confidence and esteem of those who know him best.  [See p. 39 for photo of President R.H. Jesse.]

DR. WM. JEWELL, who died in Liberty, Missouri, August 7, 1852, aged 64 years, will long be held in grateful remembrance in Boone county.  Because of his enterprise, foresight and liberality the beautiful street of Broadway in Columbia was improved and the first church edifice erected.  He gave $10,000 to the Missouri Baptists in 1849 to establish a college for young men.  To this college, afterwards located at Liberty, and named in his honor, he gave subsequent large donations.  [See p. 10 for image of Dr. William Jewell.]

WILLIAM S. JOHNSTON, superintendent of the Farmers’ Milling Company, manufacturers of high-grade patent flour, is one of the best men in Columbia, industrious, conscientious, courteous.  He was a farmer up [to] the time he entered the milling business.  The son of Jacob S. And Pauline Johnston, he was born in this county, February 17, 1847.  He married Miss Annie E. Tandy on October 8, 1878.  To them five children have been born: Leila, Mary, Margaret, Lucile and William.  Mr. Johnston was four years a member of the city council and for two years its chairman.  He [is] the present mayor.  He is a democrat and is deacon in the Baptist church.  [See p. 54 for photo of W.S. Johnston.  And see p. 4 for photo of William S. Johnston, Jr.]

JOHN CARLETON JONES, professor of Latin in the University of Missouri, is a Kentuckian by birth and 39 years of age.  He was prepared fo college in Frankfort.  He came to Missouri in 1874, graduated from Westminster college of Fulton in 1879, and was tutor in Latin and Greek two years prior to graduation.  He was professor of Latin in Westminster college until 1882.  He spent 1882-‘83 in post-graduate study at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore.  Prof. Jones came to the Missouri University in 1883, as assistant professor of languages.  In 1890 he was made professor of comparative philology, and in 1891 was chosen to his present position, succeeding the late Dr. M.M. Fisher.  In 1891 Prof. Jones was made a member of the American Philological Association.  He is a gifted student and an accomplished teacher.  Prof. Jones married Miss Clara Thompson, of Columbia.  They are the parents of three children.  [See p. 41 for photo of J.C. Jones.]

WILLIAM THOMAS JONES, editor of the M.S.U. Tiger, a weekly newspaper issued by University students, was born on a farm near Humphreys, Sullivan county, Missouri, August 13, 1864.  Mr. Jones was assistant cashier of a bank and editor of a newspaper each one year before entering the University.  He was editor of the University Argus the last semester of last year.  He is a member of the junior class of the University, belongs to the Bet Theta Pi fraternity and is a member of the Christian church.  [See p. 37 for photo of W.T. Jones.]

JAMES P. KENNARD, bookkeeper for the Farmer’s Milling Company, was born in Boone county, November 16, 1845, and was educated at the State University.  He married Miss Maggie Northcutt May 26, 1872.  They have six children, Minnie, W.E., Jeff. D., Robt. O., James O. and Hattie.  Mr. Kennard is a popular citizen, a Methodist church trustee and has for several years held his present position.  He is a democrat, the son of Jesse and Rachel Kennard.  [See p. 54 for photo of J.P. Kennard.]

MELVILLE S. KING, instructor in the commercial department of the State University since 1891, is a democrat, a Knight of Pythias and an Odd Fellow.  He was born in DeKalb, Illinois, February 20, 1869, his parents being E.C., and Nancy V. King.  He was educated in the State Normal school of Iowa, and Western Normal School of Iowa, and the Iowa Business College.  He has taught in the Ottumwa Business College, the Shenandoah Commercial Institute and the Stanberry Normal School.  He is not married.  [See p. 40 for photo of M.S. King.]

S.B. KIRTLEY, the widely-known dealer in musical instruments, has been in the book and music business twenty years.  He is the inventor of the Kirtley self-indexing ledger which has found its way into many great mercantile houses and is highly recommended by all who have used it.  Mr. Kirtley was born in Audrain county, Missouri, April 27, 1848.  He was educated at the Kentucky University.  In September, 1874, he came to Columbia, and until 1890 was engaged in the book and music business.   Since 1890 he has devoted his attention to the music branch alone.  Mr. Kirtley married Miss Alice T. Boone, the only direct descendant of Daniel Boone in Boone county, June 16, 1887.  They have three children, W.B., Lucy B., and Alice B.  Mr. Kirtley is a deacon in the First Christian church and member and secretary of the board of trustees of Christian college.  [See p. 54 for photo of S.B. Kirtley.]

D.W.B. KURTZ, farmer, is a gentleman of fine culture of high personal character and great energy.  He was born in Howard county, Missouri, February 17, 1837.  After attending the district schools of his home neighborhood he came to Columbia and entered the University in 1859.  He taught a year at Dover in Lafayette county, and in 1862 returned to the University and graduated in 1866.  He was afterward professor in that institution, resigning voluntarily and receiving from the board of curators a resolution testifying in the highest terms to his valuable services.  In 1872 he took charge of the Montgomery City college and in six years built up its attendance from 36 students to 350.  In 1879 Mr. Kurtz was elected principal of the Rocheport Academy, where he remained one year.  In 1881, Mr. Kurtz bought the fine farm, two miles northeast of Columbia, where he now resides.  He married, December 23, 1868, Miss Sarah L. Russell, daughter of Col. F.T. Russell.  They have eight children: Russell L., Cannie May, D.W.B., Jr., Frances A., Lula May[,] T.N., W.W., and Earl.  Mr. Kurtz is a Baptist and a Mason he served as representative of Boone county in the Thirty-Sixth Missouri General Assembly, making a faithful and efficient member.  During his term of office the assembly gave the University appropriations, for endowment and new buildings, of more than one million dollars the largest amount ever appropriated by our legislature.  Mr. Kurtz is a democrat.  [See p. 69 for photo of D.W.B. Kurtz.]

DR. WALTER L. LAMASTER, of Ashland, is a native of Kentucky, a son of Benjamin La Master and Sophia La Master, his wife.  He was born November 24, 1855, in Henry county, Kentucky, and pursued his primary studies in the local schools, and took a business course in New Castle High School in 1874-5-6; entered Eminence College in the year 1877 and 1878, where he took a select course of instruction, and further pursued his studies in the Valparaiso Normal School of Indiana, in the years of 1879 and 1880.  Here he began the study of medicine under Prof. A. H. Yah, and completed his medical course at the Louisville (Kentucky) University of Medicine; graduated and received his diploma from this institution in the year A.D. 1883.  Dr. La Master married Miss L. Alice Jones, of Henry county, Kentucky, October 24, 1883, and emigrated to Ashland, in Boone county, Missouri, the same year.  At Ashland he entered actively in the practice of his chosen profession of medicine and surgery, with an earnestness, zeal and success born of a natural love for his chosen profession.  [See p. 80 for photo of Dr. W.L. LaMaster.]

JOHN DAVISON LAWSON, L.L.D., professor of law in the University of Missouri, is widely known as a writer on law topics.  He was born March 29, 1852, at Hamilton, Canada, educated in Hamilton college and Osgoode Hall, Toronto law school.  Admitted to the bar in Canada in 1875, he removed to St. Louis in 1876, residing there nine years.  During this time he practiced law and was editor from 1877 to 1881 of the Central Law Journal.  During these years he published works on Contracts of Carriers, Expert Evidence, Presumptive Evidence, Usages and Customs, Legal Concordance and Leading Cases Simplified.  In 1885 Judge Lawson removed to New Jersey where in 1890 he published his greatest work, Rights, Remedies and Practice, in seven volumes.  In the summer of 1890 Judge Lawson took a year’s vacation which he spent in travel in this country and in Europe.  In 1886 he was elected judge of the civil court of New Jersey.  He was appointed professor of law in the Missouri University in October, 1891, and has been a most valuable addition to the already strong law faculty.  Judge Lawson married Miss Fanny E. Chase, of St. Louis.  He attends the Episcopal church.  [See p. 41 for photo of J.D. Lawson.]

SLATER ENSOR LENOIR, farmer, was born in Wilkes county, North Carolina, October 27, 1833.  He has resided in Boone county, however, since 1834, except a year or two spent in gold hunting in California.  He was educated at the State University.  Mr. Lenoir has always been a farmer, and his home, three miles southeast of Columbia, is one of the best-improved in the county.  On April 21, 1864, Mr. Lenoir married Miss Margaret A. Bradford, daughter of Austin Bradford.  They are members of the Columbia Christian church.  Mr. Lenoir is a democrat, a substantial citizen, and the family to which he belongs has long been a potent factor in the business, intellectual and social life of Boone county.  He has one daughter.  [See p. 73 for photo of S.E. Lenoir.]

SIMON HENRY LEVY, merchant, has been a resident of Missouri twenty-one years.  He was born in Prussia in 1848.  After coming to America Mr. Levy engaged in the clothing business in Quincy, Illinois.  Later he was a clothing merchant in Shelbina, Missouri.  For seventeen years, however, he has been a shoe merchant in this city.  In Shelbina, in August, 1878, Mr. Levy married Miss Estelle Goode.  Four children were born to them; three now living: Freda, Harry and Edwin.  Mr. Levy has built up a large and increasing business.  He is an active Mason.  [See p. 55 for photo of S.H. Levy.  And see p. 8 for photo of children Edwin and Harry Levy.]

MILLARD LEWIS LIPSCOMB, professor of physics in the University of the State of Missouri, has held this position since 1889 and grows in the regard of his students and th esteem of his associates.  He is a member of the Christian church and a democrat.  Prof. Lipscomb was born in King William county, Virginia, twenty-four miles from Richmond, of revolutionary ancestry.  He was educated in Virginia schools and at Bethany college, where he studied science four years under Prof. A.E. Dolbear.  He then was principal of Hickory Neck Academy, Virginia, one year.  He was elected to assistant professorship in William and Mary college and the next year unanimously to full professorship but declined, preferring to go to Kentucky.  In Kentucky colleges he taught a number of years, always to the satisfaction of those for whom he labored.  On June 19, 1877, Prof. Lipscomb married Miss Anna May Robinson.  They have eight children: Louise, Millard, James, Virgil, Basil, Benjamin, Sterling F. and McDonald.  [See p. 41 for photo of M.L. Lipscomb.]

BERNHARD LOEB, the reliable groceryman, is a sterling citizen.  He was born in Thier, Germany, September 3, 1824.  Since April, 1872, he has been in Columbia.  He has been twenty-six years in the mercantile business, part of this time in Howard county.  He has been twelve years a grocer and interested in clothing establishments at Ogden, Utah, and Raton, N.M.  In 1863, August 18, Mr. Loeb married Miss Bertha Myer.  They have a family of bright sons and daughter.  He served one year as member of the town council and three years as school director.  Mr. Loeb is an Odd Fellow.  [See p. 55 for photo of B. Loeb.]

W.H. LOWRY, for fourteen years in the coal business, came from the Old Dominion to Boone county via Kentucky, August 25, 1875.  He was born in Wilmington, Virginia, July 22, 1857, and is the son of Joseph and Anna Lowry.  Mr. Lowry attended school in Virginia and Kentucky.  In 1887, September 15, he married Miss Anna Goslin.  They have one child, Mary Emma.  Mr. Lowry is sergeant in the Triple Alliance and is also a member of the Knights of the Maccabees.  In religion Mr. Lowry is a member of the Christian church and in politics is a democrat.  He is at present general agent of the Columbia Coal Company.  [See p. 55 for photo of W.H. Lowry.]

HENRY B. LYONS, of the dry goods firm of Lyons Brothers, has been in the dry goods business in Columbia since 1880 and few merchants have sold more goods during that time.  He is a son of John H. Lyons and was born six miles west of Columbia in Boone county.  He taught school two years.  From 1880 to 1885 he was associated with C.W., A.R. and J.W. Lyons.  Since 1885, the firm has been H.B. and A.R. Lyons.  Mr. Lyon is a democrat and not married.  He is one of the best-known men in Boone county, and has many acquaintances throughout the state.  The Lyons dry goods establishment I regarded as one of the Columbia landmarks.  [See p. 55 for photo of H.B. Lyon.]

WILLIAM GWATHMEY MANLY, professor of Greek language and literature in the State University, is a son of Dr. Basil Manly, late professor of Hebrew and Old Testament Interpretation in the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky.  Prof. Manly was born in Greenville, South Carolina, in 1862.  He attended the Louisville (Kentucky) Male High School and afterwards Georgetown (Ky.) College.  He graduated from the University of Virginia in 1884.  From 1884 to 1886 he was assistant headmaster in the celebrated University School of Petersburg, Virginia, under the management of W. Gordon McCabe.  From 1886 to 1889 Prof. Manly was professor of Ancient Languages in Mercer University, Macon, Georgia.  This position he resigned to pursue graduate study in classics at Harvard university where he was awarded the Thayer scholarship and in June, 1890, received the degree of Master of Arts.  In March, 1890, he was elected to the chair of Greek Language and Literature in the University of Missouri, the position he now holds.  Prof. Manley is a bachelor and a Baptist.  [See p. 41 for photo of W.G. Manly.]

DR. ABNER MARTIN, of Ashland, is, like many other good people, a native of Boone county.  Here he was born February 7, 1835.  He studied medicine under Dr. Meredith Martin, of St. Louis, graduating from the St. Louis Medical College in 1858, and from Bellevue Medical College in 1864.  He has practiced medicine in Ashland successfully and continuously since that time.  On May 11, 1859, Dr. Martin married Miss Annie Tuttle, daughter of the late Judge G.S. Tuttle.  They have one son, Charles P. Martin, and one daughter, Mrs. Eula G. Pape.  Dr. Martin is a member of the Ashland Baptist church, and in politics, a free-trader.  He is a valuable citizen to Ashland, and that community is proud of him.  [See p. 76 for photo of Dr. Abner Martin.]

DR. R.S. MARTIN, of Ashland, one of the most distinguished citizens of that thriving town, was born in Boone county, July 18, 1833.  He has resided longer in Ashland than any other man.  His father and mother were Kentuckians.  Dr. Martin was graduated from the St. Louis Medical College in 1858, and from the Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, in 1860.  He has practiced medicine thirty-six years, and his ministrations have been a benediction in many sick rooms.  During the civil war he was a surgeon in the Confederate army under Price.  He is a democrat and a Baptist “by birth and persuasion.”  Dr. Martin married, in 1860, Miss Mary Blanton.  They have seven children: A.B., R.L., B.H., Mary Isable and Eliza Martin, Mrs. Hattie Rothwell and Mrs. Lavinia Lindsay.  Mrs. Martin died in August, 1887.  In September, 1893, Dr. Martin married Miss Laura D. McIntosh.  [See p. 76 for photo of Dr. R. S. Martin.

CHARLES MATTHEWS, hardware merchant, is a fine example of the result of industry, energy and ability.  Born in Boone county, July 8, 1858, he has resided always in this city and county.  For twenty years he has been engaged in the general hardware business in Columbia and has built up a splendid trade.  His store-room is one of the handsomest and most commodious in Central Missouri.  Mr. Matthews married Miss Kemper in 1883.  They have three children.  He is a member of the board of trustees of the Methodist church.  [See p. 56 for photo of Charles Matthews.  And see p. 5 for photo of Swann and Charles Matthews, Jr., presumed children of Charles Matthews.]

WELLINGTON T. MAUPIN was born in Warren county, Missouri, January 16, 1838.  He was the son of Wallace C. and Elizabeth Scott Maupin and came with his parents to Boone county in 1845 and to Columbia in 1857.  Mr. Maupin is married and has two children, Margaret, wife of Prof. F.N. Peters, of Carrollton, and Frances, wife of W.E. Conger, of Hannibal.  He was educated in the common schools of Boone county.  For seven years Mr. Maupin has been a local Methodist preacher.  He served the Columbia church as steward and trustee, was delegate to the annual conference and for fourteen years Sunday School superintendent.  Mr. Maupin began business in 1857 as clerk in J.L. Stephens’ dry goods store.  From 1870 to 1877 he was a member of the grocery firm of Allen, Maupin & Co., From 1877 to 1886 he was junior member of the Ashland firm of Wiseman & Maupin, dealers in dry goods.  Returning to Columbia in the last-named year he became a member of the hardware firm of Maupin & Norwood.  Since 1889 he has been in the dry goods business alone.  Mr. Maupin is a democrat and a member of the A.O.U.W.  [See p. 56 for photo of W.T. Maupin.]

DR. ANDREW WALKER MCALESTER, dean of the medical department of the State University, has been connected with that institution since 1872, longer than any other professor.  Dr. McAlester was born in Rocheport, Boone county, Missouri, January 1, 1841, the son of B. McAlester, a pioneer citizen.  He graduated at the State University in 1864 and afterward attended medical colleges in St. Louis, Chicago, New York, London and Paris.  Dr. McAlester has been twice married.  His first wife, Miss Iza Berry, of Springfield, died in 1870.  In 1873 he married Miss Sallie McConathy, of Boone county.  They have three sons: Andrew W., Berry and James.  Dr. McAlester is a Methodist and a Mason.  He takes a great interest in political affairs and is an unswerving democrat.  Dr. Mcalester is regarded as one of the finest physicians and surgeons in the Mississippi Valley.  He is a valuable citizen of this community.  His farm near Columbia is well stocked with fine horses in handling which he is an expert.  His practice is great and no physician is more beloved by his patients than this kind, genial, true-hearted gentleman.  His services as professor in the State University have been of acknowledged value, and no member of the faculty has done more to make that institution great.  [See p. 35 for photo of Dr. A.W. McAlester.]

JAMES B. MCBAINE, deceased, was a son of the late James T. McBaine.  He died in El Paso, Texas, December 4, 1895, aged 32 years.  He was a member of the Columbia Methodist church and was a young man of fine character and noble impulses.  He graduated several years ago from the State University with high honors.  He was specially noted in student-life for his ability as a public speaker.  He was associated in business with his brother Turner McBaine, and had been quit successful as farmer and trader when death claimed him.  His remains were interred in the Columbia cemetery.  [See p. 80 for photo of J.B. McBaine.]

TURNER MCBAINE, farmer and stockman, was born near Providence, Boone county, Missouri, the son of J.T. McBaine, one of the prominent pioneer citizens of the county.  He was born April 7, 1853, and is therefore 42 years of age.  Mr. McBaine married Miss Luna Patterson, of St. Joseph.  They have four children.  Mr. McBaine is one of the most successful and widely known stock raisers in Central Missouri.  He is the largest land-owner in the county, and is interested in many large business enterprises.  He is a democrat and has always been a liberal, energetic citizen.  [See p. 67 for photo of Turner McBaine.]

DR. CHARLES T. MCCLANE, one of Columbia’s most esteemed citizens and valued physicians, is of Scotch-Irish descent.  He was born in Wabash county, Illinois, July 23, 1845, and was educated in the high schools and seminaries of that county.  He spent his early days in teaching school and farming.  In 1865 he married Miss Mary E. Kitchen.  Of this union were born six children.  Three sons, Roy, Logan E. and Dr. N.O., are dead.  The surviving ones are: Fanny (now Mrs. L.W. Martin), Jean Edward and Bessie May.  Dr. McClane commenced the practice of medicine in 1874.  He is a graduate of the Eclectic Medical Institute of Cincinnati.  He has a liberal education in the three leading schools, regular, eclectic and homeopathic; the latter system his is now practicing.  Dr. McClane has been for six years a resident of Columbia and has the confidence and support of large numbers of the leading families of this city and county.  Politically he is a protectionist democrat.  He and his wife have been devoted members of the Christian church from their youth.  He is at present one of the elders in that church and, in an earnest, quiet way, is going about doing good and opposing sin.  [See p. 35 for photo of Dr. C.T. McClane.]

ALBERT JOHNSTON MCCULLOCH, editor of the M.S.U. Independent, is a native of Cooper county, Missouri, where his father, Col. Robert A. McCulloch, still resides.  Mr. McCulloch was born October 29, 1871, and has been a University student since 1888.  He is now an instructor in Political Economy and History.  He has held the position of major of the University cadet battallion [sic] and was specially proficient both as soldier and student.  He is modest, earnest, and industrious.  [See p. 37 for photo of A.J. McCullough.]

C.B. MILLER, shoe merchant, is familiar to Boone county people as proprietor of a popular establishment for the dissemination of footwear.  He believes in pushing his business and his large trade is a result.  Mr. Miller was born in Springfield, Ohio, on August 13, 1864.  He came to Columbia in 1877.  Mr. Miller has been fourteen years in the shoe business at the same stand.  He is a democrat, a Knight of Pythias and unmarried.  [See p. 56 for photo of C.B. Miller.]

FRANKLIN PIERCE MILLER, architect, has been engaged in the occupation of contractor and builder for over twenty years.  Of late he has added to his business the ownership and general direction of a mill for the manufacture of fine furnishings.  This is an institution of which Columbia is justly proud.  Mr. Miller was born in Page county, Virginia, September 19, 1853.  He was raised on a farm and educated in a private school near Winchester, Va.  From 1872 to 1878, he resided in St. Charles, Missouri, then for three years in Butte, Montana.  Since February, 1882, he has made Columbia his home.  While in Montana he built the first smelting works ever erected in Butte.  Mr. Miller is a democrat.  He has served as member of the city council and for eleven years has been a vestryman in Calvary Episcopal church, Columbia..  Mr. Miller married, November 9, 1881, in the Church of the Advent, St. Louis, Miss Jennie May Allen, daughter of K.H. Allen.  [See p. 56 for photo of F.P. Miller.]

JOHN E. MILLER, dealer in wall paper, was born in Switzerland, August 7, 1861.  He came to America in 1870, to St. Louis in 1872 and to Columbia in 1883.  While in St. Louis he worked at upholstering.  Coming to Columbia he was employed to B.E. Hatton in the wall paper and upholstery business and since 1889 has been in business for himself.  He is a good workman, honest and reliable.  Mr. Miller is a K. of P.  On October 15, 1891, he married Miss Florence F. Butcher.  They have one child, Conrad.  [See p. 56 for photo of J.E. Miller.]

JOHN WATSON MONSER, librarian of the State University, has held that position since July, 1887, and has made a zealous, capable and industrious official all these years.  He is a native of London, England, where he was born November 5, 1838.  At the age of eleven years he removed to Marshall county, Illinois.  He married Miss Laura M. Hook, October 8, 1861.  They have had seven children, all boys, two of whom are dead.  Those living are Dr. George Monser, of Kansas City, H.E., Charles G., Frank and E.L.  Mr. Monser was educated at Eureka college, Illinois, where he was also ordained to the Christian ministry.  He was chaplain of the Seventy-sixth Illinois Regiment, afterwards chaplain of the Kansas House of Representatives and then of the Iowa Senate.  He has taught in several of the Illinois schools and he is also the author of several volumes, notably an annual Sunday School Commentary which he gave up when he took the library.  Mr. Monser is an enthusiastic and progressive citizen and has taken active, helpful interest in many good works.  [See p. 42 for photo of J.W. Monser.]

ELAWSON C. MORE, farmer and lawyer, is one of the best known Missourians, of affable manners, a delightful conversationalist, cultured and traveled.  He is also a citizen of large public spirit and generous impulses.  His elegant home near Columbia, of which we present two attractive views, is among the most charming places in Central Missouri.  Col. More is the son of Elijah A. More, a well-known St. Louisian, and was born in Little Rock, Arkansas, on December 27, 1837.  He was educated largely in schools in America, but also attended schools in Paris, France, Hanover, Germany, and Cadiz, Spain.  He graduated from Yale college in 1858 and from the law school at Lebanon, Tennessee, in 1861.  Afterward he read law in St. Louis and then practiced in Helena, Mont.  Later he traveled through the west and Central America and then removed to Columbia, where he has since resided.  He practiced law here several years, but gave up law for farming.  Col. More has always taken great interest in public affairs.  He has been presidential elector.  He was a member of the national democratic convention which nominated Tilden and Hendricks, and of the one at Chicago that nominated Cleveland and Stevenson.  He served the United States for several years with distinguished ability as consul-general at the capital of Mexico.  He has been president of the Missouri State board of Agriculture and of the Boone County Fair Association.  He has lately made several trips to Europe.  Col. More’s services as a democrat have been conspicuous.  He has been twice married.  His present wife is a daughter of Judge Logan Hunton, of St. Louis, and is most accomplished and charming woman.  [See p. 71 for photo of Col. E.C. More]

DR. GEORGE S. MORSE, dentist, is a son of Dennis Morse, of New York.  Dr. Morse was born in Madison, Madison county, New York, October 6, 1828.  He was educated at Hamilton college, Clinton, New York, graduating in medicine in Philadelphia in 1854.  He has been in the practice of dentistry since 1861 and has been conscientious, accurate and skillful.  Dr. Morse is a Baptist and a democrat.  After leaving home he went to Beaver Dam, Wisconsin, in 1855; to Boonville, Missouri, in 1858, and in December, 1864, to Columbia, which has since been his home, and of which town he is a respected and honorable citizen.  On the fifth day of April, 1855, Dr. Morse married Miss Harriet N. Brooks, of Clinton, New York.  Six children have been born to them: George M., Fred H., Louis E., Wm. D., Anna J., Bettie C., of whom all are dead except George M., of Texas and Fred H., of Minneapolis.  [See p. 36 for photo of Dr. G.S. Morse.]

DR. WOODSON MOSS, professor in medical department of the University of the State of Missouri, is a native of Columbia, where he was born September 28, 1852.  His father was Col. Jas. H. Moss, a distinguished lawyer, his mother, Mrs. Susan Moss.  The names of his grandparents, Dr. Jas. W. Moss and Judge Warren Woodson, are also familiar in Central Missouri history.  Dr. Moss was educated n the University of the State, graduating in medicine in 1875.  In the same year he was made instructor in Anatomy in the University and later professor of theory and practice of medicine which position he now fills acceptably.  There are but two members of the present faculty who have been connected with the University so long as Dr. Moss, Drs. McAlester and Schweitzer.  Dr. Moss has been a practicing physician twenty years and his large and growing practice attests the high regard in which the people of Columbia hold him.  He was in Europe three years ago for the special study of Koch’s treatment of tuberculosis.  Dr. Moss is an active Christian worker.  He is a deacon in the Baptist church and superintendent of the Sunday School.  In May, 1881, Dr. Moss married Miss Sarah A. Anderson.  They have four children: Ruth, Oliver Perry, James H. and Sarah McAlester.  Dr. Moss is a thorough democrat.  [See p. 35 for photo of Dr. Woodson Moss, and see p. 5 for photo of Sarah McAlester Moss.]

JOSEPH SHANNON MOUNTJOY, of the Columbia Statesman, is a bright and fearless writer and a young gentleman of wide range of information.  He was born in Pettis county, Missouri, January 9, 1872, and made his home in Columbia in 1881.  He attended the State university and has always been a great reader.  Mr. Mountjoy has done editorial and local work on the Statesman for two years and much of that paper’s success is due to his abilities as news-gatherer and write.  He is a member of the Christian church and a democrat.  [See p. 37 for photo of J.S. Mountjoy.]

JERRE HERBERT MURRY, lawyer, ranks among the brightest young members of his profession.  Graduating from the law department of the State University in 1893 he at once entered upon the practice of law in Columbia and has, by ability, integrity and courtesy, won many clients.  Mr. Murry was born in Boone county, January 6, 1867.  He is a son of John F. and Mary Murry.  Mr. Murry educated himself.  He took second prize in the Stephens medal contest of 1893, was president of his class, and delivered an address class day.  His address at the Fourth of July celebration in Centralia in 1893 was much commended.  He is a forceful speaker.  Mr. Murry is a democrat, a member of the Sigma Nu and Phi Delta Phi fraternities and was recently elected Chancellor Commander of the Knights of Pythias.  He is not yet married.  [See p. 34 for photo of J.H. Murry.]

JOHN F. MURRY, clerk of the county court of Boone county, is a popular democrat as his unanimous re-nomination and re-election to the present office which he had filled creditably for four years, adequately attests.  He has been a faith ful, conscientious officer.  Mr. Murry is a native of Boone county, a son of J.F. Murry.  He was educated at the State University taking there the degree of LL.B.  He is by profession a lawyer.  Mr. Murry married Miss Emma M. Waters, of Columbia, on October 12, 1893.  They have one child.  Mr. Murry’s success affords a fine example of what industry and integrity will accomplish.  [See p. 26 for photo of John F. Murry.]

W.H. NAYLOR, lately of the carriage-making firm of Bell & Naylor, was born in Howard county, Missouri, November 25, 1853.  Since 1875 he has been a resident of this county.  He is a good workman and his establishment has a fine patronage.  Mr. Naylor attended school at Lathrop Academy and was thereafter a farmer for years.  He married Miss Nannie Smith in 1877.  They have three children: Lonnie, Della and Katie.  Mr. Naylor is the son of Warren and Julia Naylor and is a member of the Holiness church.  [See p. 56 for photo of W.H. Naylor.]

C.C. NEWMAN, merchant, is a son of the late A.G. Newman and was born in Platte City, Missouri, February 27, 1842.  He has resided, however, in Boone county fifty-two years.  Mr. Newman attended the public school and the State University.  During the civil war he was a member of Price’s confederate army.  He has been a hardware merchant in Columbia over thirty years and has a fine trade throughout this section of the state.  Mr. Newman has always been a prominent citizen and has held several offices, including positions in the school board and city council.  He is a stalwart democrat.  On September 27, 1869, he married Miss Kate Ficklin.  They have five children: Edna, Roy, Nellie, Arthur and Ethel.  [See p. 57 for photo of C.C. Newman.]

SAM W. NICHOLS, groceryman, member of the firm of Proctor & Nichols, was born in Charleston, West Virginia, March 30, 1865.  Since May, 1893, he has been a resident of Columbia.  He is a son of James M. and Caroline Nichols and was educated in West Virginia schools.  For eight years Mr. Nichols was a practical printer.  He is a member of the Independent Order of Red Men, and of the Typographical Union.  He is a republican and unmarried.  [See p. 57 for photo of S.W. Nichols.]

FREDERICK WILLIAM NIEDERMEYER, member of the firm of Guitar & Niedermeyer, livery stable keepers, was one of the most popular and pleasant students at the University.  He retains this popularity now that he has become a business man in Columbia.  Mr. Niedermeyer was born in St. Louis, February 2, 1870, attended Smith’s Academy, Bryant & Stratton’s Business College and was graduated from the University in June, 1894, with a degree of L.L. B.  In January, 1895, Mr. Niedermeyer became a citizen of Columbia embarking in his present occupation.  He married Miss Sabra E. Pierce in 1895.  [See p. 57 for photo of F.W Niedermeyer.]

DR. WILFORD A. NORRIS, physician, has been a resident of Columbia since 1892 and has grown constantly in public esteem.  He is a native of Boone county, graduate of the medical department of the University, present professor of anatomy in that institution.  Dr. Norris is treasurer of the Baptist church, a Mason and a democrat.  He was born July 15, 1858.  On June 10, 1883, Dr. Norris married Miss Minnie Beasley.  They have one child, Mildred.  Dr. Norris is a son of George W. Norris.  [See p. 36 for photo of Dr. W.A. Norris.]

J.K. NORTHCUTT, of Deer Park, merchant and stock-raiser, has a well-appointed country store and does a large business.  He is a native of Boone county and lived on a farm until 1875.  Then he tried California, but a year in that state sufficed and he returned to old Boone.  On November 30, 1881, Mr. Northcutt married Miss Alice Mosely, daughter of William Mosely.  He has been engaged in the mercantile business for fifteen years, and has been quite successful.  He is enterprising, energetic and honest.  Mr. Nortucutt’s home is at Deer Park, Cedar township, where, in addition to his general store, he has a number of standard-bred horses and pedigreed Duroc-Jersey hogs.  [See p. 72 for photo of J.K. Northcutt.]

GEORGE L. NORVELL, president of the Star Laundry company of Columbia, was born at Rockbridge, Boone county, Missouri, July 30, 1841.  He removed to Columbia in 1857, to Ashland in 1860.  During the civil war he served in the Union army and was a member of the regimental band.  In 1873 he was again in Ashland, going from there to Ray county, Missouri, then to Idaho, back to Ashland and in 1888 to Columbia which has since been his home.  In 1868 he married Mrs. Ellen Brown.  They have two children: Logic and Pearl.  For four years Mr. Norvell was in the employ of Capt. J.A. Adams but in 1891 engaged in business alone.  He is a fine workman and good citizen.  The Star Laundry of which he is president, is a new enterprise that bids fair to succeed.  The esteem in which Mr. Norvell is held by his fellows is shown by the fact that he is a Master Workman of the Boone Lodge No. 77, A.O.U.W.  He is also a Maccabee and a S.K., A.O.U.W.  Mr. Norvell’s parents were from Virginia and Kentucky but he is a thorough-going Missourian.  [See p. 57 for photo of G.L. Norvell.]

WILLIAM BYRON NOWELL, grocery merchant, has been eighteen years a merchant in Columbia, respected and popular.  The W.B. Nowell Grocery company, of which he is the head and director, is a successful institution.  Mr. Nowell is a native of Waukesha county, Wisconsin, where he was born September 24, 1852, the son of William and Ruth Nowell.  He came to Boone county in 1859 and on the eighteenth of October, 1883, married Miss Annie Anderson.  They have five children: Fannie, W.B. Jr., Lizzie, John and Byron.  Mr. Norvell was three years a member of the city council.  He is a democrat and a Mason.  For years he has been a steward in the Southern Methodist church of this city.  [See p. 58 for photo of W.B. Nowell.]

THE REV. PATRICK FRANCIS O’REILLY, of the Church of the Sacred Heart (Catholic) in Columbia, is a native of the beautiful Emerald Isle.  From young childhood St. Louis has been the home of his family–forty-six years.  The early education of Father O’Reilly was had under the care of the Christian Brothers; his advanced studies were pursued and completed at the St. Louis University, from which famed institution of the Jesuits he received the degrees of A.B. and A.M., in 1860 and 1864 respectively.  For a time during the civil war he was a prisoner in the McDowells college.  His studies for the priesthood were made at Cape Girardeau, Mo., and Carlow College, Ireland.  Father O’Reilly counts twenty-eight years of continuous service at the altar, relieved by a European trip, including Italy, eleven years ago.  Most of the years of his priestly life have been given to St. Louis; ten were given to work in the southern states.  He has lectured in most of the states and in many of their chiefest cities.  Father O’Reilly has been a resident of Columbia only a few months and has won many friends by his courtesy and unselfishness.  He is an orator, a thinker and a scholar and his work in this community promises to be signally successful.  He has passed beyond two score years and ten but a year or two.  [See p. 32 for image of Rev. P.F. O'Reilly.]

ARTHUR PALMER, teacher of violin, mandolin, guitar and banjo, in Stephens College, was born in Chicot (now Desha) county, Arkansas.  His father was born in New York, educated in Norfolk, Virginia, and came to Missouri after the war, and has been a railroad man since.  His mother is a native of Randolph county.  In 1872 his parents moved to Arkansas, returning, when Arthur was two months old, to Moberly, where they have lived ever since, except one year at Lexington, Missouri.  In Lexington young Palmer attended his first school, Miss Sue Trigg, in the Elizabeth Aull Seminary, being his first teacher.  He began the study of music at the age of nine years.  He has been teaching violin and orchestral instruments for the last five years.  At the age of 16 years he was leader of the First Presbyterian choir at Moberly.  He began to study the violin under Prof. Johannes Goetz, at Moberly.  In September, 1894, Prof. Palmer accepted a position in the Columbia School of Music and Oratory, resigning in December, 1894, to accept his present position in Stephens College the first of 1895.  His grandfather, A.B. Palmer, was educated for the Presbyterian ministry in Connecticut, but devoted the greater portion of his life to music.  His uncle, Dr. H.R. Palmer, of New York, has given over forty years of his life to music and church work.  Mr. Palmer has studied harmony and “sight reading” and choral work with his uncle.  [See p. 45 for photo of Arthur Palmer.]

DR. OZIAS PAQUIN, of the firm of F.W. Peck & Co., wholesale and retail druggists, is a native of St. Andrews, Canada, where he was born August 18, 1864.  Since 1886 he has been a resident of Columbia and has been an energetic and prosperous citizen.  He has one of the prettiest homes in this town of beautiful homes.  Dr. Paquin has attended school in Canada, the Missouri State University and the St. Louis College of Physicians and Surgeons.  He graduated from the St. Louis College of Pharmacy in 1889.  He has been five years a member of the drug firm of F.W. Peck & Co., and makes an important addition to that establishment.  In St. Louis, August, 1889, Dr. Paquin married Miss J. Mullally.  The have two children.  Dr. Paquin is a democrat, a Catholic, a member of the Maccabees and Aegis.  [See p. 36 for photo of Dr. O. Paquin.]

JAMES H PARKER, of Parker Brothers, undertakers and dealers in furniture, is 45 years old.  He is a native of Columbia, the son of the late James H. Parker and attended the State University.  In January, 1874, Mr. Parker married Miss Machir who died in 1880, laving one child, Margaret.  Mr. Parker is a democrat.  Until three years ago he was engaged in farming but is now a member of the enterprising and successful firm of Parker Brothers.  [See p. 58 for photo of J.H. Parker.]

MOSS P. PARKER, member of the firm of Parker Brothers, dealers in furniture, was born in Columbia, May 22, 1853.  From 1870 to 1885 Mr. Parker lived on a farm south of this city.  In the latter year he came to Columbia and engaged in th undertaking business with G.M. Dearing.  Later he was in this occupation alone, then with Maj. R.J. Booth.  Selling out the business to Maj. Booth he accepted the position of state cattle inspector, under the veterinary service.  He was stationed at Kansas City one year and at St. Louis two years.  Returning to Columbia in 1892 he, with his brother, bought out Maj. Booth’s furniture and undertaking business and has since conducted this business successfully.  Mr. Parker is a son of James H. and Margaret B. Parker.  In May, 1879, he married Miss Lou Robnett.  Three children were born of this union, of whom two, Robnett and Margaret, are living.  Mr. Parker was educated at Westminster College and the State University.  In 1887 he attended lectures under Prof. Clark on embalming and caring for the dead, also lectures under A. Renonard at St. Joseph.  He is a Knight of Pythias, a Maccabee, a democrat and a Presbyterian.  [See p. 58 for photo of Moss P. Parker.]

WILLIAM LEWIS PARKER, farmer, was born in Fayette county, Kentucky, on a farm, two miles from Lexington, May 2, 1827.  In 1845 he came with his father and mother, Gabriel and Elizabeth Parker, to Callaway county, and the next year, 1846, to Boone county, his father having bought a farm five miles from Columbia.  Mr. Parker attended district schools, Transylvania University, Lexington, Kentucky, and the Missouri State University.  In 1849 Mr. Parker went to California by the southern route, the trip occupying nine months and twelve days.  He found Los Angeles a Spanish village.  Forty years later he made the same trip in five days, with all the comforts of civilization, and found Los Angeles a great city.  Mr. Parker had some interesting experiences in California.  He mined several thousand dollars’ worth of gold, but made no more money than if he had remained at home. Board was $5 a day, labor $10, all kinds of provisions $1 a pound.  Mr. Parker helped take out several pans of dirt averaging $100 to the pan.  One chunk brought him $800.  In 1852 he returned to Boone county and farmed until in 1857.  In that year he went to Texas with a lot of sheep, became involved in a law suite to get paid for them, and was compelled to make several trips to Texas.  On the last of these he met General Price’s Confederate army going south.  He joined the army, was in the battles of Dry Wood, Lexington and Pea Ridge.  After the battle of Pea Ridge he was left sick at a hospital at Van Buren.  He was in the hospital several months, and then, in the fall of 1863, returned home.  In 1864 he began freighting across the plains.  Reaching Montana he spent two winters there—50 degrees below zero.  In 1868 he undertook to start a cattle ranch, but was prevented by hostile Indians.  Returning to Missouri he bought his father’s farm and remained there until 1892.  He has since spent one winter in Florida and one in Texas.  After visiting in all the states west of the Mississippi except Oregon and Washington, and nearly all east of Missouri, he has settled down on a beautiful farm in the suburbs of Columbia and thinks it as good country as he ever saw.  Mr. Parker never married.  He is an elder in the Columbia Presbyterian church and is a fine type of the Christian gentleman.  Quiet, modest, unobtrusive, he is full of good deeds and kind words, and his name is an honored one in this community.  [See p. 79 for photo of W.L. Parker.]

JOHN J. PAULEY, blacksmith, was born in Stuttgart, Germany, February 15, 1840, and is the son of David and Margaret Pauley.  He was educated in Germany, coming to the United States in 1857, and to Columbia ten years later.  Mr. Pauley married Miss Elizabeth Lauth in 1863.  They have four children, two, George and Anna, now living.  Mr. Pauley has been a blacksmith and general machinist nearly forty years, and does good, honest, faithful work.  He is first lieutenant in the order of the Triple Alliance and is a steward in the Methodist church.  [See p. 58 for photo of J.J. Pauley.]

REV. MOSES U. PAYNE, Methodist minister, now resident of Hamburg, Iowa, was for years a citizen of this county.  He was to the Methodists of the county a leader, as Dr. Jewell, of the Baptists.  He united with Dr. Jewell in constructing the first church building in Columbia.  He also pushed to completion many other enterprises.  Howard-Payne College, at Fayette, to which he has given largely, is named in his honor.  Mr. Payne has amassed great wealth in his life, being reputed a millionaire.  He has contributed to many charities, however, and has aided many worthy causes.  He still owns a fruit farm near Rocheport.  [See p. 10 for photo of Rev. Moses U. Payne.]

WILLIAM W. PAYNE, grocery merchant and tobacco manufacturer, is an example of the self-made man.  By industry, sobriety and thrift he has achieved his present position among the citizens of Columbia.  He was born in this county, the son of James Payne, February 17, 1868.  He had been clerk for Hickman & Nowell and Scott & Nowell eight years, when about four years ago he began the grocery business for himself.  He has been prospering in this line, and has lately added tobacco manufacturing to his concern.  Sixteen employees labor in his factory.  Mr. Payne is a member of the Christian church, a democrat, a Mason and a K. of P.  He married Miss Effie Fine, November 1, 1893.  [See p. 59 for photo of W.W. Payne.]

A.M. PENNEWELL, manager of the LaCrosse Lumber Company, Centralia, is the youngest manager the company has in any of its numerous branches but he is one of the best.  He was born in Middletown, Montgomery county, Missouri, June 23, 1876.  He went to Vandalia, Missouri, March 18, 1891, graduated from the Vandalia highschool April 28, 1893, and entered the employ of the LaCrosse Lumber company at Vandalia, May 1, 1893.  Here he remained until July 1, 1894, when he was given charge of the company’s large yard in Centralia.  He is a Methodist and unmarried.  He is a modest, zealous and honest citizen, who has won many friends for himself and his company in Centralia.  [See p. 80 for photo of A.M. Pennewell.]

J.K. POOL, editor of the Centralia Courier, worked by the month for the money with which to pay for tuition.  He was born September 18, 1860, on a farm in Audrain county, Missouri, married in 1883 and moved to Centralia in 1885.  He taught school eleven years, five years in the Centralia public schools.  On May 21, 1891, he began the publication of the Centralia Courier, and has since conducted that aggressive journal.  Mr. Pool is a democrat of the partisan western type, conscientious, fearless and a bold fighter.  He tells the truth and fears not.  His paper is a model of clean journalism and even those who can not agree with it can not fail to admire its manly course.  Mr. Pool is an active worker in the Christian church and a public speaker of much ability.  [See p. 38 for photo of J.K. Pool.]

EDWARD D. PORTER, late dean of the agricultural college of the University of Missouri, died in Columbia, January 5, 1895.  Dr. Porter was born August 12, 1829, in Tinmouth, Vermont.  He received primary education in the district schools of Vermont and the grammar schools of Pennsylvania.  He graduated with degree of B.A., the valedictorian of his class, at the University of Pennsylvania, July 3, 1851.  Before his graduation, May 30, 1851, he was appointed professor of natural philosophy and civil engineering in Delaware college, Newark, Delaware, which position he held until June 30, 1855, when he was appointed professor of mathematics and astronomy.  He was given the degree of M.A. by the University of Pennsylvania, July 1, 1854.  From 1859 to 1861 Dr. Porter served as principal of New London Academy, New London, Christian county, Pennsylvania.  On April 1, 1861, he was elected principal of Newark Academy, Newark Delaware, holding that position thirteen years.  He was appointed adjutant general of the state of Delaware, which office he held eleven years.  During most of these years he was the only republican office-holder in the state.  Dr. Porter served as a private in Company I, Seventh Delaware Infantry of the Union army, having refused any office of higher grade as he enlisted when holding the office of adjutant general and conducting at the same time the most flourishing academy for young men in the United States.  In 1867 he reorganized Delaware College as an agricultural college and was appointed vice-president and professor of agriculture in the new institution.  In March, 1869,he was appointed by President Grant United States pension agent for the district of Delaware and the east shore of Maryland, in which position he served for five years.  In 1873, Dr. Porter resigned as principal of Newark Academy and devoted himself to the duties of his position in Delaware College as professor of agriculture and natural science, and the management of his experimental farm.  In January, 1881, he resigned his position in Delaware College, having been continuously connected with that institution for thirty years, with but a short interruption in 1859, and having filled successively the chairs of natural science, civil engineering, mathematics, astronomy and agriculture.  Upon his resignation he accepted an appointment to the chair of theoretical and practical agriculture in the University of Minnesota, and later became director of the experiment station.  In 1883 he received the degree of M.D. from Delaware College.  In August, 1889, he was chosen to the position he held at his death.  Dr. Porter’s loyalty to his work, his unflagging industry, his thorough conscientiousness and his great ability made his labors eminently successful.  He was a gentleman of fine personal address and won friends everywhere.  Dr. Porter was the originator in Minnesota of the “Farmers Institute,” which method of popular instruction has met with much favor.  He was the author of valuable literature on agricultural topics.  He was acting commissioner for Minnesota at the New Orleans cotton centennial exposition and also did much to make great Missouri’s exhibit at Chicago.  He was an elder in the Columbia Presbyterian church.  Three daughters, Misses Estelle, Kate and Lily, survive Dr. Porter.  His wife died in Columbia in 1891.  The HERALD in its issue of January 11, said of Dr. Porter: “Columbia is poorer to-day than one week ago.  Dr. E.C. Porter is dead.  The University has sustained a loss serious beyond estimate.  The community is bereaved.  Every good cause has lost a supporter and every public enterprise a friend.  In view of his relationship to the agricultural college, his knowledge of its history and needs, his resourcefulness in its advocacy and defence, it is not invidious to the living to say, Better have taken any man than he.  Into the biennial battle, born of misconception and prejudice, the college enters with right arm crippled, with chief captain dead.  Dr. Porter was of singularly happy temperament.  He believed in God and man.  He took ever the sunny side.  He was cheerful and made others so.  Life was to him a sad contest, sometimes but never outwardly.  A more energetic, alert, devoted worker has not blessed our town by laboring here.  He was the embodiment of courtesy.  It was a pleasure to meet him anywhere.  In business as well as in social life he was a gentleman, guileless, kindly-affectioned, true.  Scholar and man of science, he was a close reasoner, a forceful speaker.  He won friends and disarmed opposition by the very simplicity and earnestness of his statements.  The snow-drifts of age which left their mark upon his head could not check the springtime buoyancy of his heart.  We boast of our buildings, our banks and schools and churches fine.  We take pride in the things of brick and mortar which stand in mute magnificence in this fair town.  But far more valuable to the community are its men of high character and noble lives.  A good man is worth more than any bag of money or pile of stone.  Such a man was Dr. Porter.  His coming was a benediction to Columbia, his presence her a source of strength and sunshine, his going-forth an enrichment of the Land Beyond.”  [See p. 42 for photo of E.D. Porter.]

J.H. POTTS, member of the firm of Potts Brothers, undertakers and furniture dealers, Centralia, was born in Nicholas county, Kentucky, August 5, 1849.  He was the son of J.G. Potts who came to the Two Mile Prairie while he was a boy.  In 1888 he married Miss Mary B. Summers.  They have two children.  Mr. Potts was deputy county collector under Col. Eli Hodge.  He is a deacon in the Christian church, a Maccabee, Mason, Knight Templar and Knight of Pythias.  He is one of Centralia’s worthiest citizens.  [See p. 77 for photo of J.H. Potts.]

WINFIELD POTTS, of Burks Bros. & Co., Centralia, is native of Nicholas county, Kentucky, where he was born May 9, 1852.  In 1878 he married Miss Maggie C. Pemberton.  Mr. Potts was a farmer until three years ago when he went into business with his brother in Centralia.  He is a member of the Christian church and is a stirring and successful business man.  [See p. 77 for photo of Winfiled Potts.]

J.T. PRATHER, groceryman, was born in Boone county, Missouri, April 19, 1858.  Since 1882 he has resided in Columbia and has been constantly engaged in the mercantile business.  There is no more popular salesman in Columbia.  Mr. Prather is a member of the Christian church.  He was married February 13, 1881, to Miss Bettie Keene, daughter of Henry Keene.  They have two children: H.L., and Ethel D.  Mr. Prather is a democrat.  [See p. 64 for photo of J.T. Prather.]

WILLIAM S. PRATT, attorney-at-law, is one of the best posted men in Columbia upon things political.  He is a good talker and a safe, upright judge.  He has been justice of the peace and recorder several terms.  Mr. Pratt was born in Cedar township, Boone county, November 25, 1843.  He attended the State University taking the A.B. degree in 1864.  He has been deputy county surveyor, instructor in the State University and in 1889 curator of that institution.  In November, 1867, Mr. Pratt married Miss Bettie Keiser, of St. Louis, now dead.  He has three children: George C., Charles W., and John K.  Mr. Pratt is a democrat of the western type, a pronounced bimetallist and tariff reformer.  [See p. 58 for photo of W.S. Pratt.]

R.B. PRICE, president of the Boone County National Bank, was born in Charlotte county, Virginia, October 17, 1832.  He was brought by his parents to Missouri in 1838, entered the State University in 1850 and was educated at that institution.  Mr. Price was in the geological survey of the state from 1854 to 1858.  He resigned from the survey to go into the banking business in Columbia which business he has followed continuously and exclusively since that time.  His success in his chosen work has been marked, his name being a synonym for financial strength and business acumen in Columbia.  The bank of which he is the head has a capital stock of $100,000 and surplus and undivided profits exceeding the capital stock.  Mr. Price is president of the Boone County and Boonville Railroad Company, vice-president of the Columbia Water and Electric Light Company and treasurer of the board of curators of the State University, which last position he has held since 1873.  He was curator of the University in 1885 and was treasurer of Boone county from 1866 to 1876.  Mr. Price has been prominently identified with many of the movements which have built up Columbia and Boone county and has pushed to success many public enterprises.  In commercial and financial circles in the Mississippi valley no resident of Central Missouri is better known.  Politically Mr. Price is a democrat.  [See p. 67 for photo of R.B. Price.]

JAMES M. PROCTOR, of Sturgeon, was born in Macon county, Missouri, February 12, 1842.  He came to Boone county when twelve years of age and resided with his sister.  After attending school in Macon he went to Bloomington, where he learned the tinners trade.  At the age of 21 years he embarked in business in Mexico, Missouri.  In 1864 he married Mss Ella White.  Mr. Proctor came to Sturgeon in 1865 and has been in active business life there since that date.  In politics as in business, he has been quite successful.  He was elected to the legislature over Capt. J.W. Kneisley in 1882, carrying every voting precinct in Boone county except one.  He was then elected to the state senate, defeating Col. Squire Turner.  Of late years he has quite active politics.  He is a staunch democrat, a liberal, enterprising, worthy citizen.  There are few residents of Boone county more widely known or more highly esteemed.  [See p. 67 for photo of J.M. Proctor.]

JOHN E. PROCTOR, grocery merchant, is one of Columbia’s youngest and most progressive business men.  He was born three miles south of Columbia, February 17, 1875, and farmed until 1893 when he came to Columbia.  He is a son of John E. and Elizabeth Proctor, and grandson of M.G. Proctor and Robert Johnston, familiar and estimable names.  He has been in the grocery business in Columbia for the last year and is now senior member of the firm of Proctor & Nichols.  He is a Baptist, a democrat and is not married.  [See p. 59 for photo of John E. Proctor.]

J.W. PUMPHREY, University student, is one of the brightest and most popular young men at that institution.  He was born on an Arkansas farm in 1872.  He completed his common school course at 14 years of age, left the farm at 15 and entered the County Line Academy, in Fulton county, Arkansas.  Here he completed this course, graduated at Mt. Grove Academy, Mt. Grove, Mo., under the most efficient teacher that institution has ever had.  Entering Arkansas University in 1892 at the age of 19, he received the highest grade in competitive examination over University boys, for cadetship.  He also received from Superintendent Wolfe a state teachers certificate.  During his stay here he entered the law office of B.H. Davidson, attorney for the ‘Frisco Railroad, where he studied international and constitutional law, in connection with collegiate branches.  In 1893 Mr. Pumphrey graduated at Queen City Business College in shorter time than any other pupil, giving special attention to subjects related nearest to law.  He was admitted to the bar in August, 1894, entered the University senior law class in September, 1894, and will graduate at the age of 22 years.  Though entering first law class he was a first rank student in every branch of law during first semester.  [See p. 64 for photo of J.W. Pumphrey.]

WALTER J. QUICK, M.S., professor of agriculture in the State university, though comparatively a new-comer in Columbia, has won the good opinion of all.  Prof. Quick is the son of Hon. S.R. Quick, of the Indiana State Board of Agriculture, and grandson of Judge Tunis Quick.  He was born in Columbus, Indiana, May 24, 1861, was reared upon an importing and breeding farm, and attended Purdue University.  Here he took three years in courses in the same institution.  After graduation he became a member of the firm of S.R. Quick & Son, breeders and importers of live stock, Columbus, Ind.  From 1885 to 1889 he was secretary of the Indiana Shorthorn Breeders’ Association, and edited and compiled a remarkably complete Shorthorn Breeders’ Directory.  From 1885 to 1888 he was the editor of the Shorthorn Cattle Dep’t. of the Indiana Farmer.  This position he resigned to take the general management of the American Shorthorn Gazette.  In 1891, Prof. Quick became Professor of Agriculture in the Colorado Agricultural College and director of the U.S. Experiment Station at Fort Collins.  This position he held until August, 1893, when he was chosen to his present position.  On May 26, 1886, Prof. Quick married Miss Anna Laura Foster, B.S., of Lafayette, Indiana, a graduate of Purdue University.  They have one child, Katharine.  Prof. Quick is a member of the American Shropshire Sheepbreeders’ Association, was among its original incorporators and is now its vice president.  He is also a member of the American Shorthorn Breeders’ Association, of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the British Association for the Advancement of Science.  In 1891, Prof. Quick was a delegate to the National Convention of Agricultural Colleges and Experiment Stations, held in Washington, and again in 1892 at New Orleans.  During the past summer he was special commissioner of the Department of Agriculture of the United States to Europe.  Prof. Quick is a devoted member of the Christian church and a loyal U.R. Knight of Pythias.  [See p. 42 for photo of W.J. Quick; and see p. 4 for photo of Katherine Quick.]

MALCOLM GRAEME QUINN, real estate agent, is a native of Randolph county, Missouri.  Here he was born November 23, 1844, living there until 1868, when he removed to Boone county.  Mr. Quinn was educated at Mt. Pleasant College, Huntsville.  He entered the confederate army in 1860, serving through the war in Gen. Cockrell’s brigade as first sergeant.  He was assistant engineer on the Wabash Railroad construction to Centralia, chief engineer on all Columbia gravel roads.  For the past ten years he has been actively engaged in the real estate, abstract and insurance business in Columbia.  Mr. Quinn is a Knight of Pythias, a Forester and a Christian.  He married Miss Caroline W. Turner, November 23, 1870.  They have two children: Dr. Abram T. and Katie.  Mr. Quinn has been a most successful democratic politician.  He has made six canvasses for office and won in five.  He was county surveyor from 1874 to 1882 and assessor from 1882 to 1888.  [See p. 59 for photo of M.G. Quinn.]

WILLIAM FITZHUGH RANDOLPH, agent of Wabash Railroad at Columbia, bears a distinguished name and is a descendant of a famous Virginia family.  He was born in St Charles county, Missouri, July 26, 1864, a son of Virginius and Elizabeth Preston Randolph.  He is a graduate of the law department of the Cumberland university Lebanon, Tennessee, and of the State University of Missouri.  He took the Master’s degree in law in the latter institution and Is one of the finest students of law whoever left that school.  Mr. Randolph married Miss Carleton Holland, August 10, 1886.  They have three children: Viola, Cary and Carleton.  Mr. Randolph came to Columbia in 1891 and has served the Wabash Railroad faithfully and well.  [See p. 59 for photo of W.F. Randolph.]

JAMES H. REID, public administrator of Boone county, was born in Warren county, Virginia, December 14, 1845.  He emigrated to Boone county, Missouri, in 1859, since which time he has made his home here.  He is a successful farmer and stock raiser, and a courteous gentleman.  He is a member of the Christian church and has served as elder for several years.  Politically he has always been a democrat and has frequently served his party in county, district and state conventions.  He is now serving his second term as public administrator of Boone county.  [See p. 28 for photo of J.H. Reid.]

EDGAR A. REMLEY, manufacturer of cigars, is a Buckeye by birth.  On February 9, 1859, he was born in Cincinnati.  Mr. Remley has been in his present occupation continuously since coming of age.  His father, J.A. Remley, was the oldest cigar manufacturer in Cincinnati.  Mr. Remley was appointed by President Hayes cadet at West Point but absence from home prevented his acceptance.  He has always been an ardent republican and a progressive, public-spirted citizen.  On November 23, 1886, he married Miss Mary Hogan.  They have four living children: Edgar A., Winifred Mary, Ethel May and Eunice Carmel.  Mr. Remley has been a citizen of Columbia since 1884.  [See p. 59 for photo of E.A. Remley.]

LUTHER H RICE, owner and editor of the Ashland Bugle, was born September 8, 1866, near the present site of Hartsburg, Boone county, Missouri.  Seven years later he moved to a farm near Ashland.  He attended school there and assisted in farm work for several years.  Mr. Rice became fascinated with the art of making newspapers and decided to leave the farm.  In doing so, he broke the family record for ten generations.  In 1886 he went to set type in the HERALD office, at Columbia.  One year later he laid down the stick for he quill on the Ashland Bugle, having leased that paper from J.L. Wilcox, who worked that year in the government printing office at Washington.  In 1889 he returned to the HERALD Publishing House and did local work for several months, and later, mechanical work until the office burned in September, 1892.  Then Mr. Rice went to Ohio.  He did editorial work on the Portsmouth Times, and was a frequent contributor to the Arkansas Traveler.  Returning to Missouri after an absence of a year he became head proofreader in the HERALD office.  In September, 1894, he bought the Bugle, and is now running its editorial end.  His brother, Oren Rice, is in local charge.  Mr. Rice is, of course, a substantial democrat.  He is a Baptist and unmarried.  His newspaper work in all departments has been of the highest character.  Few young men can write more attractively and none is a harder student.  The Bugle is a clean journal, and is edited in a most creditable manner.  [See p. 38 for photo of L.H. Rice.]

D.P. RICHARDS, merchant, is one of Columbia’s most substantial citizens.  He has taken active and liberal interest in all public enterprises and has been reliable and progressive.  He has been the candidate of the republican party for mayor of Columbia and ran ahead of his ticket.  He now represents a democratic ward in the city council.  Mr. Richards was born in New Hampshire, on December 21, 1837.  He was the son of Darious and Margaret Richards.  He came to St. Louis in 1865 and to Columbia in 1877.  He has the only exclusive jewelry establishment in Boone county.  Mr. Richards served four years in the Union army, nine months as color sergeant 6th Massachusetts, the rest of the time as 1st Lieut. in 60th and 62d Mass. Reg.  He was a member of the town council seven years and the school board three years.  He has been a Knight of Pythias fourteen years and sixteen years a member of the A.O.U.W.  Mr. Richards is also a Mason.  He married Miss Sophia Gesler, of St. Louis, in 1872.  They have several children.  [See p. 60 for photo of D.P. Richards.]

J.R. RIPPEY, secretary of the state board of agriculture, is known over Missouri as a clever citizen, a staunch democrat and an honorable man.  Though residing in Columbia, where the board has headquarters, he claims Lancaster, Schuyler county, near where he has a finely improved farm, as his home.  He was born in 1843 and married in 1867.  Mr. Rippey has served with credit in many positions of trust.  He was a member of the constitutional convention of 1875 and of the Thirty-first General Assembly.  He was a member of the state board of agriculture eight years and a curator of the State University from 1890 to 1893.  Resigning, he became secretary of the board of agriculture in July, 1893.  [See p. 68 for photo of J.R. Rippey.]

WILLIAM I. ROBERTS, collector of Boone county, has long been an honored citizen.  He was marshal of Rocheport from 1867 to 1870, marshal of Columbia from 1874 to 1890, sheriff of Boone county from 1891 to 1895 and was elected collector in November, 1894.  In every position he has been faithful, conservative and devoted to duty.  He served in the confederate army about two years, is a democrat and a Presbyterian.  Mr. Roberts was born in Augusta county, Virginia, June 27, 1847, his father being the late Dr. Wm. R. Roberts.  He removed to Boone county, Missouri, July 5, 1859.  On October 5, 1870, he married Miss Minta Knox.  They have two children: Mamie B. and Reuben K.  [See p. 26 for photo of W.I. Roberts.]

J. WALTER ROBINSON, merchant, has been in the mercantile business in Columbia, with short exception, twenty years and has no superior as a salesman.  He is shrewd and obliging.  Born in Boone county, October 27, 1855.  He was, in 1881, a member of the firm of Dean & Robinson at Stephens Store, Callaway county, and then conducted the business for three years alone.  Afterward he was a salesman for Strawn, Bouchell & Co., of Columbia, and for Hubbell Dry Goods Company.  He has now been for some time a member of the firm of Baker, Robinson & Co., one of the largest grocery houses in the city.  Mr. Robinson is a son of the late Alexander Robinson, a democrat and a member of the Christian church.  He is, up, to this tie, a bachelor.  [See p. 60 for photo of J.W. Robinson.]

DAVID A. ROBNETT, horticulturist, is a fine example of the successful Missouri fruit grower.  Of his Fairview fruit farm in Boone county he is deservedly proud.  By a singular coincidence the houses in which Mr. Robnett was born, married and now lives are on adjoining farms.  He was born in September, 1855, in Boone county, the son of David A. Robnett.  He married May 22, 1881, Miss Laura H. Barton.  They have four children: Ethel B., Mittie V., David B., and Helen Morton.  Mr. Robnett’s home is at Ampleside east of Columbia, on the Columbia and Fulton gravel road. [See p. 76 for photo of D.A. Robnett.  And see p. 5 for photo of David B. Robnett.]

ROBERT FRANCIS ROGERS, of the dry goods firm of Strawn, Rogers & Co., is a son of James Rogers, of Boone county, and was born on a farm seven miles northeast of Columbia, February 16, 1867.  Mr. Rogers is a gallant young gentleman who has proven a popular salesman during the three years he has been engaged in his present occupation.  He was for three years in the wholesale and retail grocery business in Hot Springs, Arkansas, but since 1892 has been a resident of Columbia.  He is a member of the Christian church, a democrat, an officer of the Knights of Pythias Lodge and is yet unmarried.  [See p. 60 for photo of R.F. Rogers.]

GEORGE BINGHAM ROLLINS, belongs to a family well known in the history of Missouri, being a son of the late Major James S. Rollins.  Mr. Rollins is a quiet, conservative, honorable citizen.  His handsome home south of Columbia is one of the most delightful places in the county.  He was born in Columbia March 8, 1852, and graduated from the State University in 1872 with the degree of Ph.B.  He is a director in the Boone County National Bank and Boone County Milling and Elevator Company.  In July, 1894, Governor Stone appointed Mr. Rollins a member of the board of curators of the State University, which position he fills faithfully and well.  Mr. Rollins, though not active in politics, is a democrat.  He is a vestryman in the Episcopal church.  On January 25, 1882, Mr. Rollins married Miss Maggie B. Clarkson, daughter of John S. Clarkson.  They have four children: Clarkson, Frank, James Sidney and Margaret.  [See p. 62 for photo of G.B. Rollins.]

H.B. ROLLINS, merchant, is a son of Capt. James. H. Rollins, of this city.  He was born in Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvania, September 6, 1865, but since 1878 has resided here.  He was educated at Kemper Family School, Boonville, and Eastman’s Business College, Poughkeepsie, New York.  He is a young gentleman of modest worth, industry and integrity.  He is a democratic member of the city council and also belongs to the Episcopal church.  Mr. Rollins was bookkeeper in the Boone county National Bank for two and a half years.  He was then a member of the W.B. Nowell Grocery Company for three years.  At present he is a stockholder in and bookkeeper for the Hubbell Dry Goods Company, a leading dry goods establishment of this city.  He married on September 27, 1890, Miss Jennie McCune.  They have three children: Helen, H.B., and James H., Jr.  [See p. 62 for photo of H.B. Rollins.]

CAPT. JAMES H. ROLLINS, U.S.A., was born in Columbia, Missouri, in 1841.  He graduated from the United States Military Academy June 17, 1862, and was appointed brevet 2d lieutenant 4th U.S. Artillery on that date; 2d lieutenant 2d Artillery July 24, 1862; was transferred to the Ordnance Department, U.S. Army, April 27, 1863, as 1st Lieut.; was brevetted captain March 13, 1865, for faithful and meritorious services in the Ordnance Department during the civil war, and was made captain July 5, 1867.  He was on duty at the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, as instructor of artillery and infantry tactics, from June 17, 1862, to June 25, 1863; serve at Watervleit Arsenal, West Troy, New York, as Ordnance officer from July, 1863, to February, 1864; on duty in ordnance office, Washington, D.C., as assistant to the chief of Ordnance from February, 1864, to October, 1864; on duty at St. Louis Arsenal, St. Louis, Missouri, from November, 1864, to July, 1871, being in command of same from January to July, 1871; detached to Springfield and Chicago, Illinois, during the months of July and August, 1865 receiving the Ordnance and Ordnance stores of Illinois troops preparatory to their being mustered out of service.  In command of U.S. Arsenal, August, Georgia, From July, 1871, to November, 1873; on duty at Watervleit Arsenal, West Troy, New York, from November, 1873, until retired from active service in 1883.  Since his retirement from the army Capt. Rollins has been a resident of Columbia.  His home is one of the most attractive in this place.  Here he and Mrs. Rollins greet with delightful hospitality their troops of friends.  Capt. Rollins is a delightful conversationalist and take a deep interest in all public affairs.  He is a member and junior warden of the Calvary Episcopal church.  Capt. And Mrs. Rollins have three children: H.B, Eulalie and Mrs. J.L. Sehon.  [See p. 62 for photo of J.H. Rollins.]

J.H. SAMPSON, farmer and breeder Oxford-Down sheep and Berkshire hogs, was born in Richmond, Kentucky, April 6, 1818.  Since 1839 Mr. Sampson has resided in Boone county, near Rocheport.  Here in 1842 he married Miss Martha A. Woods.  He has devoted his entire life to the care of his farm and stock and is a prosperous, honorable and manly citizen.  Eleven children have been born to him: Richard Henry, Michael Woods, Mary Watkins, Martha Denny, Margaret Frances, Sarah Caroline, John Thomas, Julia Elizabeth, William Arthur, Walter Irvin and James D. (deceased).  Mr. Sampson has been for many years clerk and deacon of the Walnut Grove Baptist church.  He owns a large and well improved farm near Rocheport, on the Columbia and Rocheport gravel road.  Mr. Sampson is a democrat.  [See p. 73 for photo of J.H. Sampson.]

JAMES W. SCHWABE, farmer, was in 1895 the republican nominee for representative of Boone county in the Missouri General Assembly, and polled the largest vote ever received by a republican in this county for that office.  He is a clever, pushing , prosperous young gentleman.  He was born in this county, February 18, 1863, the son of Col. H. C. Schwabe.  On November 29, 1893, he married Miss Maud Hatton.  Mr. Schwabe owns a fine farm in Perche township and deals extensively in stock.  He is a member of the Christian church, a Mason, an Odd Fellow and has been for years grand deputy of the Triple Alliance.  [See p. 76 for photo of J.W. Schwabe.]

JOHN C. SCHWABE, real estate agent and auctioneer, is one of the most active citizens of Columbia, progressive and enterprising.  He is a native of Howard county, the son of Col. H.C. Schwabe, but has resided in this city nearly all his life.  Mr. Schwabe was a clerk in Columbia in his early days.  In 1874 he was elected constable of Columbia on the democratic ticket and served three terms.  From 1880 to 1882 Mr. Schwabe engaged in the business of meat-seller; from 1882 until 1884 he was in the grocery business.  In the latter year he was appointed constable by the county court and was re-elected twice.  Since November, 1888, Mr. Schwabe has been successfully engaged in the real estate and auctioneering business.  He is in politics a democrat and in religion a Baptist.  [See p. 61 for photo of J.C. Schwabe.  And see p. 8 for photos of three children Mary G., Daisy M. and Laura J. Schwabe.]

PAUL SCHWEITZER, professor of agricultural chemistry and chemist at the agricultural experiment station, is one of the most distinguished scientists in this county.  He has written exclusively on subjects connected with his specialty and always with the clearness and good sense for which he is noted.  Dr. Schweitzer was born in Berlin, Germany, March 16, 1840.  He attended the gymnasium at Berlin, the University at Berlin and the University at Goettengen, taking the degree of Ph. D. from the latter.  From 1865 to 1872 Dr. Schweitzer was assistant in the School of Mines, Columbia College, New York.  For the last twenty-two years Dr. Schweitzer has been connected with the University of the State of Missouri as professor of chemistry.  No other professor has been in service longer and none has done more valuable work.  Dr. Schweitzer’s ability and courtesy have made him most popular with the students.  In 1894 he was transferred, at his own request, to his present position.  Dr. Schweitzer married in 1870 in New York, Miss Sarah Howard.  He is an Episcopalian in religion and in politics an independent.  He has done much good work towards strengthening the University and making it a great institution.  [See p. 42 for photo of Paul Schweitzer.]

WARWICK MARTIN SCOTT, grocery merchant, was born in Boone county, Missouri, October 8, 1846.  He was educated at the University with the exception of a few months in Texas.  Mr. Scott has been in the mercantile business in Columbia continuously since 1867.  He is widely known as an energetic and obliging merchant.  He married, October 8, 1878, Miss Annie B. Patton, of Vincennes, Indiana.  They have four children and reside in an attractive home on Broadway.  Mr. Scott is a member of the Christian church, a Mason, Knight Templar and a democrat.  [See p. 60 for photo of W.M. Scott.  And see p. 4 for photo of daughter Oliver Moffat Scott.]

C.B. SEBASTIAN, lawyer, was born in Cloverport, Kentucky, in 1852.  He came with his parents, A.H. and Tabitha Sebastian, to Boone county in 1854.  Mr. Sebastian graduated from the law department of the University in 1876.  Since that time by ability, integrity and unflagging industry he has risen in the ranks of his chosen profession until he is now one of the leading lawyers of Central Missouri.  Mr. Sebastian was prosecuting attorney of Boone county in 1883 and 1884.  He is a Mason, Knight Templar and has for several years been Eminent Commander of the St. Grael Commandery, No. 12.  He is a member and trustee of the Columbia Southern Methodist church and is an unswerving democrat.  In January, 1887, Mr. Sebastian married Miss Eugenia Garner, of Richmond.  They have two children, Mattie R., aged 6 years, and Henry Garner, aged 4 years.  Their home is one of the handsomest in Columbia.  [See p. 34 for photo of C.B. Sebastian.]

WILLIAM I. SEXTON, contractor and builder, son of Charles E. and Lizzie Sexton, was born in Boone county, Missouri, November 30, 1836.  He was educated at Lathrop Academy and Central College.  Mr. Sexton has resided in Nebraska, Rocheport and, since 1872, in Columbia.  He has been forty years a carpenter and there are few, if any, better mechanics in Missouri.  In 1856 Mr. Sexton married Miss Mary Bowman, who died n 1876.  In 1884 he married Miss Alice Elliott.  He has five children: Ella Parmer, in Riverside, California, George, in St. Louis, Nallie Doak and Lida Baumgartner, in Riverside, California, Miller, in Columbia.  Mr. Sexton is a democrat, Methodist and member of the Triple Alliance.  [See p. 61 for photo of W.I. Sexton.]

JAMES M. SHAEFER, of the firm of Baker, Robinson & Co., grocerymen, was born in Huntsville, Randolph county, Missouri, on January 18, 1850.  He is the son of J.C. Sheafer and was educated in Mt. Pleasant College.  On October 15, 1874, he married Miss Mollie Stephenson.  They have two children: Harry and Clyde.  Mr.  Shaefer held office in the A.O.U.W., he is an active Methodist and secretary of the quarterly conference.  In September, 1893, he became a member of the firm of Baker, Robinson & Co., and has aided in making that establishment popular and successful.  He is a democrat.  [See p. 61 for photo of J.M. Shaefer.]

REV. THOMAS EDWIN SHARP, pastor of the Columbia M.E. church, South, was born in Bloomington, Missouri, 1856.  His father designed him for a lawyer and his mother for a minister.  He studied law for some time but finding it not to his taste went into business.  This he left on a conviction of a call to preach.  Mr. Sharp attended public school, also private school in Tennessee and graduated from Poole’s College.  He was licensed to preach in the Methodist church, July 16, 1888.  R. Sharp graduated in the four years theological course of study while serving as pastor.  He has been pastor of Methodist churches at Vandalia and Maryville, and is now serving the third year of his pastorate in Columbia, where he preaches with much acceptability and great power.  More than 500 persons have united with the church under Mr. Sharp’s six years ministry.  He is a strong, forceful preacher, universally esteemed.  At the last conference Mr. Sharp was appointed chairman of the committee on the examination for the next course of study to examine young preachers.  He is also a member of the board of missions of the conference and chairman of the committee to visit Howard-Payne College.  On the eleventh day of May, 1875, Mr. Sharp married Miss Linnie Harrison, in Callaway county.  [See p. 32 for photo of Rev. T.E. Sharp.]

A.H. SHEPHERD, dairyman, was born February 29, 1856, in Hartford, Trimble county, Ohio.  He came to Missouri in 1868, locating in Saline county.  He attended the State University and, in January, 1885, came to Boone county to reside.  He had been engaged in dairying in Saline county and follows the same occupation here.  His dairy farm near Columbia is one of the finest in the state.  On February 16, 1882, Mr. Shepherd married Miss Alice Thompson, daughter of Judge S.W. Thompson, of Saline county.  They have four children: Norton, Olive, Clyde and Lucy Cyrene.  Mr. Shepherd is a republican in politics and a worthy, respected citizen.  [See p. 78 for photo of A.H. Shepherd.]

JAMES M. SHERMAN, superintendent of the Columbia Water and Electric Light plant, has been since 1893 a resident of this city.  He was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, and came to Missouri in 1877.  He was first employed by Henry R. Worthington, in the largest pumping machine house in the world.  After he came to Missouri he was in the employ, for six years, of the Pond Engineering Company, in St. Louis.  In previous years he was superintendent of the construction of waterworks at Dallas, Texas, Moberly, Missouri, and East St. Louis, Illinois.  He also superintended the extension of a twenty million gallon pumping plant in St. Louis.  Mr. Sherman is a skilled mechanical engineer.  He is a member of the Presbyterian church and a Knight of Pythias.  He is an affable and courteous gentleman and has made friends of all his acquaintances.  Mr. Sherman is married and has four children.  [See p. 65 for photo of J.M. Sherman.]

ELDER JOHN SAMUEL SHOUSE, Christian preacher, who resigned the position of pastor of the Columbia church in November, 1894, has accepted the pastorate of the Mexico Christian church, the largest in that thriving city.  Mr. Shouse, was born in Woodford county, Kentucky, May 18, 1840.  He attended college at Georgetown, Kentucky, and Kentucky University, then at Harrodsburg.  Mr. Shouse preached his first sermon in the town where he was born and brought up, and where he first confessed Christ.  He was called as regular pastor of the Christian church at Midway, Kentucky, and continued there seventeen years.  He was afterwards for eleven years pastor of the church at Lexington.  He was called to act as financial agent of Kentucky University, Midway Orphan School and Lexington Bible School in which work he continued eighteen months.  While thus engaged he was called to the pastorate of the Columbia Christian church.  Here he did splendid service n the cause of righteousness.  He is an earnest and effective preacher and a noble Christian man.  Mr. Shouse married on August 9, 1865, Miss Anna W. Armstrong.  They have had six children of whom there are five now living: Lucretia, William, Mary, Paul, Jewett and Angie.  [See p. 31 for photo of Elder J.S. Shouse.]

ROBERT H. SMITH, dealer in meat, has had a long and successful career.  He is a good man, well liked by all who know him, and of high character.  He is the son of William Smith, and was born May 17, 1821, in Millersburg, Bourbon county, Kentucky.  With the exception of 1849 and 1850, when Mr. Smith was in the west he has been a resident of Boone county, Missouri, since 1842.  In 1842 Mr. Smith married Miss Martha A. McCutcheon, after whose death he married Miss Caroline Cave in 1850, who died in 1890.  He has no children living.  Mr. Smith is a Mason, a Baptist and a democrat.  In 1872 and 1873 he was collector of Boone county.  In 1844 Mr. Smith ran a water mill three miles northeast of Columbia.  In 1848 and 1849 he managed the first circular saw mill in New Mexico.  In 1850 he operated a saw mill south of Columbia.  Two years later he added a water mill.  In 1856 Mr. Smith built a steam mill northeast of Columbia.  In 1860 he built the old Columbia flouring mill since burned.  From 1870 to 1872 he was in the milling business in Rocheport.  He was next a miller in Columbia, selling out to W.T. Anderson and Geo. W. Henderson.  Mr. Smith then engaged in the horse and mule trade.  The years, 1890 to 1892, he spent in the lumber business in California.  Returning to Columbia he engaged in the meat business.  [See p. 61 for photo of R.H. Smith. His full name was Robert Hudson Smith - ed.]

LIEUT. SAMUEL A. SMOKE, lately professor of military science and tactics in the State University, was born in Columbia county, Florida, February 11, 1863.  He entered the United States Military Academy at West Point, June 11, 1883, and graduated June 11, 1887.  He was appointed additional second lieutenant in the 6th infantry, United States Army, and joined his regiment at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, October 1, 1887, at which place he was promoted to the second lieutenancy in the 18th infantry.  The same month, October, 1887, he was ordered to Denver and was two years at Fort Logan.  Here he served as first post adjutant, post treasurer, ordnance officer, signal officer, recruiting officer, post commissary and post quartermaster.  In August, 1889, he was ordered to investigate the alleged Ute trouble in the White River country, Colorado, and for his success was one of two officers to be commended in orders from headquarters of the army, issued February 24, 1891, distinguishing for energy, enterprise and good judgment.  In Sept. 1889, Lieutenant Smoke joined the Infantry and Cavalry School for officers at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, graduating in June, 1891.  While here he married on September 22, 1890, Miss Susie Trimble, daughter of George W. Trimble, of Columbia.  At the expiration of his graduating leave Lieutenant Smoke joined his regiment on September 1, 1891, at Fort Clark, Texas.  In the spring of 1892 his company was ordered to Fort McIntosh, Laredo, Texas.  Here he constructed the target range six miles down the river and for a time commanded a troop of cavalry in the Garza trouble.  He was selected to represent his regiment in the rifle department competition at Fort Clark, Texas, and was the winner of a bronze medal.  Making the highest score of any officer on the department team he was selected to command the army team in the army competition at Fort Sheridan, September, 1892.  While on this duty he was appointed professor of military science and tactics in the University of Missouri, from which position he was transferred in January, 1895, at his own request, to Fort White, Florida, that he might be near his invalid mother.  While here he was promoted to first lieutenant.  [See p. 43 for photo of S.A. Smoke.]

REV. F.W. SNEED, until recently pastor of the Columbia Presbyterian church, was born in Sedalia, Missouri, April 22, 1862.  He was educated at Westminster College, Fulton, and McCormick Theological Seminary, Chicago.  He was called to the pastorate of the Riverside (Illinois) Presbyterian church upon leaving the Seminary.  He remained there four years.  The church at Columbia extended him a unanimous call, though he had never visited this city nor had any member of the church heard him preach.  Here he remained nearly three years.  During this time the congregation built a $30,000 stone church building, and there were 115 persons added to the membership.  Mr. Sneed is a man of winning personality, frank, unselfish, and thoroughly conscientious.  As a preacher he is earnest, forceful and eloquent.  After declining other and flattering calls, Mr. Sneed, in December last, accepted the pastorate of the First Presbyterian church at Minneapolis, one of the strongest in the northwest.  His congregation in Columbia, and the entire community, deeply regretted his departure, for few ministers had more friends.  [See p. 33 for photo of Rev. F.W. Sneed.]

MRS. LUELLA WILCOX ST. CLAIR, president of Christian College, is the first woman ever made college president in Missouri.  Her administration has been a distinguished success and students and friends of the college alike praise her ability, courtesy and thorough consecration to her work.  Born in Virden, Illinois, June 26, 1865, the daughter of Seymour Wilcox, she has received a liberal education.  She was valedictorian of the class of 1883 at Virden High School.  In 1885, she graduated at Hamilton Female College, Lexington, Kentucky.  For the last two years she was managing editor of the college paper and teacher in the college.  She studied medicine for about a year in Cleveland, Ohio.  On September 1, 1886, she married Prof. F.P. St. Clair.  He died while president of Christian College in 1892, leaving one daughter.  Mrs. St. Clair taught three years in Colorado.  She is a member of the Christian church, a woman of rate talent.  On November 23, 1893, she was elected to her present position.  [See p. 31 for photo of Mrs. L.W. St. Clair.]

W.S. ST. CLAIR, professor of ethics and moral philosophy in Christian College, has been, since 1893, a resident of Columbia and has won many friends during that time.  He was born January 20, 1860, in Wellsburg, Virginia.  He was educated in the famous Bethany College, graduating in the classic course in1882, the ministerial course in 1883, and taking the A.M. degree in 1884.  Prof. St. Clair has preached in Clarence, New York, Granville, Pennsylvania, Pueblo, Colorado, and Denver, Colorado.  He was valedictorian of the American Literary Society in Bethany class of 1882.  He is a prominent Odd Fellow and delivered the anniversary address before an assembly of all the lodges in Pueblo in 1891.  On Dec. 17, 1890, Prof. St. Clair married Miss Louise Climenson, of Topeka, Kansas.  [See p. 45 for photo of W.S. St. Clair.]

GEORGE J. STAMPFLI, editor of the M.S.U. Tiger, graduated from the Jefferson City (Missouri) High School in 1891.  He took the B.E. course in the University of Missouri, then entering the law department, in which he is now a student.  He is a director in the Missouri University Athletic Association.  Mr. Stampfli will graduate from the University in 1896.  He is a member of Phi Delta Theta and Phi Delta Phi fraternities.  [See p. 37 for photo of G.J. Stampfli.]

JAMES L. STEPHENS, retired merchant, was born in Garrard county, Kentucky, November 17, 1815, and removed with his father, Elijah Stephens, in the fall of 1819, to Boone county, Missouri.  He worked on his father’s farm and attended school until 1836 when he entered the dry goods store of Parker & Barr, as clerk.  He has since resided in Columbia with the exception of a year in New York, two years in Greensburg, Indiana and one year in Fulton and Mexico.  In 1843 he conducted dry goods business in Columbia, Fulton and Mexico, three county seats.  He inaugurated the first successful cash system in business in Central Missouri.  While engaged largely in merchandising he was also an extensive farmer and sold annually for twenty yeears from 300 to 500 head of mules.  Few, if any, of Columbia’s business men have done more to extend the business of Columbia.  None has been more generous towards public improvements.  He endowed Stephens College with $20,000, giving other large sums towards its enlargement and the General Baptist Association, to which this institution for the Christian education of young women belongs, recognized his liberality by bestowing upon it in 1870 his name.  Mr. Stephens was largely instrumental in the building of the gravel road system in the promotion of the University’s interests, in construction of railroads and erection of churches and schools.  His success in business has not lessened his benefactions, which during his life have exceeded $100,000.  He married on February 6, 1844, Miss Amelia Hockaday, of Fulton.  They have two children, E.W. Stephens, of Columbia, and Mrs. S.K. Smith, of St. Louis.  In 1880 Mr. Stephens was elected State senator upon the democratic ticket from the district composed of Audrain, Boone and Callaway counties.  He is a member of the Baptist church, a democrat and now retired from active business life, resides at his pleasant home in the town for the advancement of which he has done so much.   [See p. 9 for photo of James L. Stephens, Sr.]

JAMES L. STEPHENS, JR., prosecuting attorney of Boone county, graduated from the law department of the University in 1887, and immediately entered upon the practice of law in Centralia.  He received the democratic nomination for prosecuting attorney over strong opponents in 1892 and again in 1894, distancing all opposition.  He was, of course, elected to the office and has been faithful and conscientious in the discharge of its duties.  Mr. Stephens was born near Columbia, in Boone county, May 6, 1859, his father removing to Centralia at the close of the civil war.  He is the son of Dr. J.H. Stephens and Maggie Stephens.  On January 22, 1890, he married Miss Mamie M. Gove.  They have three children: Georgie Belle, Mary and Ruth.  Mr. Stephens attended school in Centralia, Kirksville and Columbia, and after leaving he Normal school at Kirksville, taught three terms.  He is a Baptist, democrat and Knight of Pythias.  He is a successful campaigner and has many friends among all classes of people.  [See p. 26 for photo of J.L. Stephens, Jr.; and p. 9 for a photo of daughter Georgie Belle Stephens.]

SAMUEL M. STEVINSON, of the firm of Stevinson & Guitar, grocerymen, was born in Boone county, September 29, 1862, the son of Maj. S.M. and E.A. Stevinson.  Educated in the district schools, he has been a grocery merchant twelve years, pushing and sturdy.  He married Miss Mollie Shobe, of this county, October 30, 1890.  They have two children, Lily and Susan.  In politics Mr. Stevinson is a democrat and in religion a member of the Christian church.  [See p. 61 for photo of S.M. Stevinson.]

ALEXANDER STEWART, painter and paper-hanger, is a native of Scotland, the name of which country is synonomous [sic] with thrift, integrity and modest worth.  Mr. Stewart was born in Paisley, May 6, 1845.  In 1875 he came to American and three years later to Columbia.  Mr. Stewart is the son of Alexander and Christina Stewart, and was educated in Scotland.  On May 15, 1890, he married Miss Jeanie Brown, of Paisley, his own native town.  He has been for sixteen years engaged in his present business and the establishment he owns and the work he does compares favorably with that in larger cities.  He is a Mason, a Knight of Pythias, a Presbyterian and a republican. [See p. 63 for photo of Alexander Stewart.]

JOHN A. STEWART, stock trader and farmer, came to Boone county a barefooted boy, working for small wages.  He now owns 400 acres of land and, in November, 1894, was elected judge of the Boone county court for the southern district of Boone county.  Mr. Stewart was born in Knox county, Kentucky, in March, 1861, the son of Anderson and Jane Stewart.  He came to Boone county in 1877.  In 1887 he married Miss Laura E. Williamson.  They have two children: Clyde A. and Mary J.  Mr. Stewart lives five miles west of Columbia, is an extensive dealer in stock, an enthusiastic advocate of good roads and a prosperous farmer.  He is a steward in the Mt. Nebo Methodist church.  [See p. 25 for photo of John A. Stewart.]

JAMES T. STOCKTON, sheriff of Boone county, was born in Bourbon township, this county, April 10, 1847.  At the age of 4 years Mr. Stockton was taken to Randolph county, remaining there fifteen years.  Since that time he has been a resident of Boone county, with the exception of four years in Audrain county.  While in Audrain county he served as constable and deputy sheriff.  Mr. Stockton is the son of Thomas and America Stockton, and has eight sisters and two brothers.  The entire family is living except the father, who about one year ago, a the age of 82, passed over the river.  On January 1, 1870, Mr. Stockton married Miss Clara Hulen, of Rockyfork township.  She died in October, 1870, and on August 14, 1877, he married Miss Mary Barclay.  They have five children: Josie, Elbert, Clyde, Avie and Bessie.  Mr. Stockton served as deputy sheriff under W.I. Roberts for four years and was last November elected sheriff on the democratic ticket without opposition.  Mr. Stockton was educated in the common schools of Boone and Randolph counties.  He is a Mason, Odd Fellow and member of the Triple Alliance.  Mr. Stockton is a member of the Christian church.  His many friends confidently predict for him a successful administration as sheriff of the county.  [See p. 27 for photo of James T. Stockton.]

HARRY E. STONE, agent of the firm of K.K. Ashley & Co., dealers in poultry and eggs, Centralia, is a pushing and shrewd young business man.  He was born in Eureka, Illinois, January 7, 1871, and educated in Illinois schools.  He is a son of John W. Stone.  He came to Centralia, Missouri, December 30, 1892.  After two years in the grocery business Mr. Stone entered upon his present occupation.  He is a Knight of Pythias and a bachelor.  [See p. 80 for photo of H.E. Stone.]

JACOB W. STRAWN, senior member of the firm of Strawn, Rogers & Co., dealers in dry goods, was born in Boone county, October 9, 1839.  He has been engaged in the dry goods business in Columbia thirty-seven years and is one of the town’s conservative and most esteemed citizens.  He is a deacon in the Christian church.  On January 14, 1868, Mr. Strawn married Miss Alice E. Maupin, who died Feb. 14, 1890, leaving five children: Leslie M., Emma L., Stella M., Joseph Edwin and Evelyn.  Mr. Strawn is a democrat.  [See p. 61 for photo of J.W. Strawn.  And see p. 9 for a photo of his grandson, James Kimbrough Strawn, son of Leslie M. Strawn.]

LEWIS M. SWITZLER, judge of the probate court of Boone county, Missouri, is the son of Simeon and Elizabeth Switzler, being the youngest of a family of eleven children.  He was born in Howard county, Missouri, on his father’s farm, six miles south of the city of Fayette, on the Fayette and Boonville road, on the twentieth of June, 1841.  His father was a farmer and trader, and for a time a merchant at Fayette, having shortly after his marriage to Elizabeth Cornelius removed with his wife from Kentucky to Missouri, about the year 1823.  Lewis M. Switzler received the first of his education at the country schools located in the neighborhood of the place of his birth, alternately working on the farm and going to school.  In 1857 his mother removed to Huntsville, Randolph county, Missouri, his father being at the time a miner in the gold regions of California.  In the same year Mr. Pleasant College, an education institution established and maintained by the Baptist denomination, was opened in Huntsville, the great Baptist minister and orator, Wm. Thompson, being its first president; and Lewis M. Switzler was the first student enrolled in this college.  After completing nearly the whole curriculum of the college, he came to Columbia in the fall of the year 1860, and entered the State University as a student, B.B. Minor, LL.D., being then president.  After completing the greater part of the academic course in the University, he commenced the study of law in 1864, in the law office of Boyle & Wellington Gordon, in Columbia, and was soon after admitted to practice law in the United States and state courts, and for many succeeding years pursued the practice of his profession, locating in Columbia.  For a number of years Judge Switzler was connected with the Missouri Statesman as assistant editor, and afterward, for a time, he was editor of that journal.  In 1872 he entered the senior class of the law department of the Missouri University, and graduated in that department in June, 1873, Judge Philemon Bliss, now deceased, being then dean of the law faculty.  This was the first year of the existence of the law department of this institution, and there were only five graduates.  Judge Switzler was selected by the law faculty as one of the orators to represent his class on commencement day, and delivered the first law oration ever delivered in the university, by a law graduate of the institution.  For a number of years after his graduation he was on the board of examiners in this important department of the University.  It was the duty of this board annually to conduct an examination of the members of the senior class to test their fitness for graduation.  Judge Switzler, prior to the time he was a candidate for the position he now holds, was never a candidate for any state or county office before the people.  For a time he occupied the office of recorder of Columbia, and was afterwards for a number of years city attorney.  In 1892 Judge W.W. Garth having resigned the office of judge of the probate court, Judge Switzler was appointed by Gov. D.R. Francis to fill the vacancy until the succeeding election in November of that year, and at that election was elected to the office after encountering strong opposition in the preceding democratic primary from opposing candidates for the nomination.  His petition to the governor for appointment to the position was the largest ever sent out of the county in recommendation of any person for an office.  At the democratic primary election held on June 9, 1894, he received the nomination for this office, without opposition, for a four-year term, his past occupancy of the place having been for part of an unexpired term.  At the election on November 6th, last, he was elected for a full term, to begin January 1, 1895.  In politics, he has always been a democrat, uniformly and without intermission, never having supported any other party or ticket.  On August 30, 1893, Judge Switzler married in Peoria, Illinois, Miss Nellie T. Barrett, daughter of the late T.J. Barrett, of this county, and now resides happily with his wife at his residence int eh eastern part of this city.   [See p. 26 for photo of Lewis M. Switzler.]
WILLIAM F. SWITZLER, editor of the Boonville Missouri Democrat, was for fifty years an editor in Columbia and one of the town’s most prominent citizens.  Any historical edition of a Columbia newspaper would be incomplete without some mention of his life.  Col. Switzler was born in Fayette county, Kentucky, March 16, 1819.  When a boy he came with his father’s family in 1826 to Fayette, Howard county, Missouri; went to school in Fayette to Lawrence Daley.  He was also a pupil at a school at Fayette taught by the late Captain John T. Cleveland, a relative of President Cleveland.  In 1830 he moved with his father’s family to a farm midway between Boonville and Fayette, and adjoining the farm now owned by Col. J.R. Estill; went to school and worked on the farm; studied law under the instruction of the late Judge Abiel Leonard of Fayette, and came to Columbia in 1841 to pursue his legal studies; was admitted to the bar by Judge John D. Leland and practiced law for four of five years.  He became the editor of the Patriot, in Columbia, in 1841 and established the Columbia Statesman in 1843 and conducted it continuously until 1885, when he was appointed chief of the Bureau of Statistics at Washington, which position he held until a few months after the inauguration of President Harrison.  He achieved a national reputation as a statistician and no incumbent of the office ever attained greater distinction in it than Colonel Switzler.  He has frequently been a member of the legislature, and was a member of the two conventions (1865 and 1875) that formed constitutions for the state, and in the latter was chairman of the committee on education and had large agency in formulating the article (11th) to be found in the constitution on that subject.  In addition to his long and distinguished career as a political editor and writer on literary subjects, he has been actively engaged as a political speaker in every canvass for the last forty years and is universally regarded as among the best informed writers and speakers in Missouri.  His methods are concise, clear and forceful, and his memory of men and events, faces, names and dates is phenomenal.  No man in the state is higher authority on Missouri history, and he is the author of many papers and a large work on this subject.  He is one of the best known, most industrious and well preserved men of his age in the state, and is now editor and manger of the Boonville Missouri Democrat, and is as actively engaged in professional and literary labor as at any time in his life.  Col. Switzler is a teetotaller from birth, is a strong temperance man and a member of the Presbyterian church.  In August, 1843, he married Miss Mary Jane Royall, of Columbia, who died September 11, 1879, leaving three children: Irvin, Warren (now of Omaha, Nebraska) and Camilla (now Mrs. J.S. Branham of Columbia). We have drawn freely upon Col. Switzler’s historical writings in the preparation of this edition.  [See p. 73 for photo of W.F. Switzler.]

HENRY HERBERT TANDY, of Tandy Bros., dealers in agricultural implements, harness, buggies and seeds, was born in Boone county, June 21, 1861.  Educated in the district schools, he farmed until 1887, then engaged in the meat business for four years.  Mr. Tandy next invested in a Southwest Missouri fruit farm in which he is still interested.  Since June, 1893, he has been engaged in his present occupation.  He has also been buyer and shipper of stock for the past ten years.  Mr. Tandy is a democrat, member of Baptist church and unmarried.  [See p. 63 for photo of H.H. Tandy.]

JOHN LEWIS TANDY, farmer and member of the firm of Tandy Brothers, dealers in agricultural implements, is one of the energetic and worthy citizens of Boone county.  Here he was born July 8, 1868, a son of Adrian Tandy.  He was educated in the public schools, the Northwestern Business College at Stanberry and the Missouri Agricultural College.  He is clerk of the Bethel Baptist church, a democrat and a bachelor.  Mr. Tandy invented in 1890 the Columbia corn thinner, a patent which is of much value to farmers.  [See p. 63 for photo of J.L. Tandy.]

S.B. TAYLOR, agent of the Chicago & Alton railroad at Centralia, has given general satisfaction in that position both to the company and its patrons.  He is hardworking and obliging.  Mr. Taylor has been in the employ of the C. & A. Road for seven years, and has worked on every division.  He was stationed at Marshall and Higginsville before his promotion to Centralia.  Mr. Taylor was born in Swan Creek, Ohio, on October 26, 1868, and attended school in Chambersburg, that state.  He is a Knight of Pythias, a Methodist, and a member of the Telegraphers’ Mutual Benefit Association.  Mr. Taylor is a bachelor.  [See p. 77 for photo of S.B. Taylor.]

REV. SAM FRANK TAYLOR, president of Stephens College, is known and esteemed in every portion of Missouri by brother Baptists and other devoted friends.  He is a fine business man, a good preacher and a gentleman.  Mr. Taylor is the son of Daniel G. and Martha King Taylor, of Henry county, Virginia, and was born in the Old Dominion—mother of presidents of colleges as well as presidents of states—May 30, 1851.  He attended Richmond College, Richmond, Virginia was at Crozier Theological Seminary one year and two years at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary.  Mr. Taylor was pastor at Paris, Kentucky, from 1878 to 1882; at Columbus, Mississippi, from 1882 to 1885; and, from 1885 to 1890, in Columbia.  During this time the church planned its present fine edifice.  In 1890 he was elected corresponding secretary of the home department of the Missouri Baptist board of Home and Foreign Missions.  After fifteen months service in this position he resigned to accept a call to the Liberty Baptist church.  Here he remained until last June, when he took the presidency of Stephens College.  Mr. Taylor has been four years secretary of the Missouri Baptist General Association.  On June 15, 1875, at Charleston, West Virginia, he married Miss Ella Burdette, daughter of John S. Burdette, and the niece of Judge Waldo P. Johnson, of Missouri.  They have five children: Rosa Myrtle, Abbe Mae, Burdette King, Callie Lucile and Charles Howard.  [See p. 30 for photo of President S.F. Taylor.]

HENRY CLAY THRELKELD, proprietor of the Globe Hotel, Centralia, is one of the cleverest and most widely known landlords in the state.  He was born in Blackfoot, Boone county, October 31, 1844, was educated in the district schools and made his home in Columbia township until March 4, 1866.  At that date he located in Centralia.  He had but 25 cents, and went to work on the railroad and later was teamster.  For nine years he was merchandising.  Then he went into the hotel business, following this for three or four years; selling out he entered mercantile life again.  On January 1, 1887, he took charge of the Globe Hotel and has since been its proprietor.  There is but one man in Centralia who can claim longer residence in that place than Mr. Threlkeld and none has been more actively identified with the enterprises of the town.  He has for years been one of the town board.  Mr. Threlkeld has been three times married.  His first wife was Miss March Enochs, of Renick, Missouri, whom he married May 11, 1870.  She dying January 23, 1871, he married Miss Mattie Porter, a native of Belleville Canada.  She was the mother of two children, Laura E. and Walter C., and died October 14, 1890.  Mr. Threlkeld married his present wife, (formerly Miss Amanda Ross of Warrensburg, Missouri,) September 15, 1892.  Mr. Threlkeld is a Mason and K. of P.  He is an aggressive, enterprising and successful citizen.  [See p. 72 for photo of H.C. Threlkeld.]

O.H. TIEDE, teacher of music, is a native of Elkport, Iowa, where he was born January 3, 1866.  He resided two years in Germany.  Prof. Tiede was educated in Dubuque, Iowa, Chicago and Germany.  He taught music in Pike College, Bowling Green, from 1884 to 1887, in Christian College, Columbia, from 1887 to 1893 and in the fall of 1883 established the Columbia College of Music and Oratory.  Prof. Tiede is a musician of much merit and an enterprising citizen.  He married, June 24, 1888, Miss Evalyne Bryant.  Prof. Tiede has several flattering offers to accept the headship of music schools elsewhere.  [See p. 45 for photo of O.H. Tiede.]

MARY HAMILTON TILLERY, [girl six months old, is shown in a photograph on p. 81 .  The Table of Contents identifies her as the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. E.R. Tillery but but no corresponding biographical sketch is found in the text.  From census records Ed. R. and Cora N. Tillery and daughter are living on East Broadway, Columbia, in 1900.]

W.C. TINDALL, professor of mathematics in the State university, is a native Missourian.  He was born in Howard county, and is the son of James H. and Juliet Tindall.  Prof. Tindall removed to Columbia in 1881 and, on June 24, 1886, married Miss Lucy Gentry.  They have one child, Richard.  Prof. Tindall graduated from the Missouri University in 1881 with the degree of B.S.  In 1885 he took the degree of M.S. and, at Harvard in 1894, he received A.M.  As a teacher Prof. Tindall, by ability and application, has steadily worked his way upward.  In 1881 he was made assistant in mathematics at his alma mater; in 1883, assistant professor, in 1889 associate professor, and in 1894 professor of mathematics.  Prof. Tindall has prosecuted extensively studies and researches in various special branches of mathematics especially in the Higher Geometry and the theory of Invariants and Covariants and ranks well among educators.  He is a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.  In religious belief, Prof. Tindall is a Presbyterian. [See p. 43 for photo of W.C. Tindall; and see p. 5 for photo of son Richard G. Tindall.]

ROBERT LEVI TODD, cashier of the Exchange National Bank of Columbia, has resided in Columbia continuously longer than any other citizen.  His biography is interwoven with the history of much that is the best and most worthy of remembrance here.  Mr. Todd was born in Boone county, March 24, 1822.  His father was Roger North Todd, first clerk of Boone county.  His parents were both natives of Fayette county, Kentucky.  Mr. Todd was educated in the private schools of Columbia, at Dr. Holts’s school on Thrall’s Prairie, in the western part of the county and afterwards at the University.  In 1845 he was admitted to the bar in Columbia.  He was elected the first tutor in the University in April, 1846, but, on the death of his father, who had been clerk of the circuit court of Boone county for twenty-five years, was appointed to that office, and held it, by repeated re-elections, for twenty-one years.  He was then elected cashier of the Exchange National Bank, a position he has filled acceptably for twenty-eight years.  He was the first valedictorian of the university, a member of the first graduating class, delivered the first address before he alumni association in 1852, was the representative of the alumni to deliver the farewell address to President Lathrop in 1849 and the one to President Read in 1876, was elected by a joint vote of the two houses of the General Assembly in 1860, curator of the University and continued by subsequent re-elections for about fifteen years.  He was for twenty-five years secretary of the board of curators, was one of the commissioners appointed by act of the General Assembly to see that Boone county complied with the conditions of the act locating an agricultural and mechanical college in connection with the University.  Mr. Todd has been for forty years an elder in the Presbyterian church of Columbia and is one of the staunchest defenders of the faith.  He is a republican in political belief.  In 1893 he delivered the address at the semi-centennial celebration of the University’s first graduating class.  In 1850 Mr. Todd married Miss Sallie, daughter of Rev. Nathan H. Hall, who died in 1863; in 1866 he married a cousin of his first wife, Miss Martha, daughter of Dr. B.F. Edwards, of Kirkwood.  Mr. Todd has seven children.  Such is an outline sketch of the life of one of Columbia’s most revered citizens, a man of integrity, scholarship and fine sense.  [See p. 62 for photo of R.L. Todd.]

GEORGE W. TRIMBLE, judge of the Boone county court, was born in Fort Henry, Randolph county, Missouri, July 21, 1839.  His father moved to Missouri from Trimble county, Kentucky, at an early day.  Judge Trimble came to Columbia July 4, 1855, and entered the dry goods house of J. Kirkbride as a clerk.  Five years later he became a member of the firm and so continued until 1888 when the dry goods house of Trimble, Fyfer & Co., went out of business after a successful career.  He has always been a fine business man.  He is accurate, a believer in order and law, conscientious and of the highest character.  He has always been a democrat.  He served two terms from 1884 to 1888, as treasurer of Boone county, has been several times member of the city council and was nominated in 1894 over strong competitors, to the office of judge of the county court for the northern district of Boone county.  He was elected without opposition in November.  He is making a splendid officer.  On November 12, 1867, Judge Trimble married Miss Mattie Duncan, daughter of the later Dr. Wm. H. Duncan, of Columbia.  They have two children, Susie, wife of First Lieutenant S.A. Smoke of the regular army of the United States, and Margaret Allen.  Judge Trimble is a Baptist and was treasurer of the Baptist General Association of Missouri for years.  [See p. 25 for photo of G.W. Trimble.]

GEORGE F. TROXELL, undertaker and seller of furniture, was born in Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, April 20, 1855, removing to St. Louis in 1876 and to Columbia in 1880.  He is the son of Simon and Eliza Troxell and was educated in Muhlenberg College, Gregory’s Academy and Allentown Military Academy, Pennsylvania.  Mr. Troxell served three years apprenticeship as cabinet maker under B.F. Wonderly, and took a course of instruction in the Oriental Embalming School of Boston.  He is a finished workman and successful merchant.  In September, 1888, Mr. Troxell married Miss Belle Alexander.  They have two children, Mattie Agnes and Alexander Richard.  Mr. Troxell is a member of the Columbia Presbyterian church.  [See p. 64 for photo of George F. Troxell.  Photos of his two children are on p. 9.]

CLARENCE TRUITT, proprietor of the Columbia Telephone Exchange, was born in Callaway county, Missouri June 28, 1870.  He came to Columbia in August, 1888, and attended the State University, graduating in electrical engineering.  Mr. Truitt is a son of William H. Truitt, Sr., and is a young man of enterprise, ability and integrity.  [See p. 63 for photo of Clarence Truitt.]

WILLIAM H. TRUITT, SR., farmer and trader, was born May 29, 1832, in Callaway county, Missouri, twelve miles east of Columbia.  He resided there, engaged in farming and trading, until 1888, when he removed to Columbia.  He now lives in a beautiful new residence on Broadway, but still retains his farm interests.  He was a year or two engaged in the agricultural implement business in this city.  He has been for eight years a director in the Exchange National Bank.  Mr. Truitt is a Baptist.  He was one of the original “Forty-Niners” who crossed the plains in pursuit of gold.  He is a democrat and has never held public office.  Mr. Truitt is a shrewd, far-seeing trader who has been quite successful in business.  On February 8, 1859, he married Miss Ann E. Pemberton.  They had eight children, six of whom are now living: Walter T., Wm. H., Jr. Clarence, Nora, Rella and Roy.  [See p. 64 for photo of W.H. Truitt, Sr..]

WILLIAM H. TRUITT, JR., lawyer, was bor in Millersburg, Callaway county, Missouri, September 15, 1865, removing to Columbia in December, 1887.  Mr. Truitt graduated from the University law department and has practiced law in Columbia successfully since September, 1889.  He is clerk of the Baptist church, a democrat and a Knight of Pythias.  On June 23, 1891, he married Miss Nellie Ellis, of this city.  They have two children.  Mr. Truitt is an estimable young gentleman of shrewdness and good sense.  He has one of the prettiest cottage homes in Columbia.  [See p. 34 for photo of W.H. Truitt, Jr.]

DR. A.J. TUCKER, the subject of this sketch, may be truthfully classed as one of Columbia’s most prominent professional men.  For the past three years he has spent from two to three months in Columbia each year, devoting his time to the practice of his profession as an eye specialist, and giving to our citizens the results of his experience and skill.
     The doctor has been successful in his chosen work; always professional and courteous, he has never used those methods whereby the traveling fakir imposes upon a credulous public.  He is an experienced oculist, and every operation which can be performed upon the delicate organ of sight, he has performed with skill and correctness.  During his stay in Columbia he has fitted over 450 pair of glasses.  The doctor believes, and no doubt justly, that over one-half of the nervous trouble which to-day affects the people may be traced to derangement of the eye and its delicate nerves in immediate connection with the brain.  He says that over 30 per cent of the civilized world have weak or defective eyes, caused by an artificial use of that organ which was not originally designed by nature for such purposes.  The eye of the business and professional man is subjected to strains and abuses which result in more damage than a lifetime’s natural use would produce.  Hence the usefulness of Dr. Tucker’s profession–the necessity for the years of careful study which have enabled him to cope with these diseases successfully.
     Dr. Andrew Jackson Tucker is yet a young man, having been born in Burton county, Kentucky, March 17, 1859.  He is proud of the place of his birth, but like so many sons of “The Dark and Bloody Ground,” he removed from that state in youth.  In 1864, when the future physician and oculist was but five years old, his parents went to Illinois to reside, but captivated with the stories of the agricultural wealth of the kingdom by the Platte, they turned their faces toward Nebraska, and in 1873 settled at Falls City, in that state.  There the doctor attended school.  On the plans of the west he imbibed much of that broad sympathy and freedom in social intercourse which is so necessary to one in his profession.  In 1876 he graduated from the Falls City high school, and for several years wielded the birch and moulded the minds of the state’s growing but cosmopolitan population.  Although school teaching was congenial to the doctor, he was too ambitious to make it his life calling—from a financial point of view—and in 1879 he entered the drug and jewelry business.  From the start he made money, but he devoted his time to the elaborate science of medicine.  He had received his preliminary training in the drug store, which well fitted him for the courses in the St. Louis and Lake Forrest University and the celebrated Rush Medical College of Chicago.  But the doctor was not satisfied with his attainments as a physician, and shortly after his graduation he entered a high special course in the Chicago College of Opthalmalogy and Otalagy, and in order to more thoroughly prepare himself for practice, he assisted Faveler, the great specialist, in City Eye and Ear Infirmary.
     A perusal of this brief biography will impress upon the mind of even the most superficial reader the immense amount of work, the labor and sacrifice requisite to ability to practice medicine and to operate upon the eye.  The doctor’s early life was passed where his surroundings furnished many a stimulus to higher and broader fields of usefulness.  He educated himself with the money which he amassed in the slow drudgery of business in a small Nebraska town.  He surely deserves credit.  Like all successful business men, Dr. Tucker married early in life.  The state of celibacy is always more or less a species of selfishness and self-satisfaction, and that man does well who early takes the step which makes him an integral actor in the world’s affairs—a married man.  Dr. Tucker in 1883 married Miss Lydia Williams, of cincinnati, Ohio, and to render more sacred the union, there exists a little daughter, Florence, of whom the doctor and his wife are justly proud.  Mrs. Tucker takes a deep interest in her husband’s work, and accompanied him to Columbia two years ago where she has scores of friends.  Dr. Tucker’s reputation is not local.  He is considered one of the finest oculists in the state, and his rank among his fellow physicians is correspondingly high.  He is a member of the Christian church, and a devout member too, one whom success in worldly affairs has not corrupted.  And of course he belongs to the Knights of Pythias, that friendly octopus which has absorbed the best of the mercantile and professional men in this country.  The doctor is an active worker in the ranks of the A.O.U.W., and is far advanced.  The doctor is a member of the Esculapian Medical Society in Kansas City, also a very bright Mason.  The doctor is a perfect gentleman, a man who makes friends any and everywhere.  Columbia’s professional life knows no worthier man. [See p. 97 for a photo of Dr. A.J. Tucker.]

FRANK B. TUMY, saddler, learned his trade in the shop at Rocheport, of his father, Henry Tumy, one of the best saddlers in the State.  Mr. Tumy was born in Rocheport, August 6, 1865.  Coming to Columbia in 1889 he engaged in the saddlery business and has followed it since that time.  On September 24, 1888, he married Miss Brooksie Morgan.  They have no children living.  Mr. Tumy is a member of the Christian church, a democrat and a worthy citizen.  [See p. 64 for photo of F.B. Tumy.]

DR. R.R. VAUGHAN, dentist, who has recently become a resident of Columbia, is a member of one of Missouri’s most distinguished families.  He attended school in Lexington, studied dentistry with Dr. J.W. Ming and afterwards graduated in dentistry in the University of Maryland.  In 1885 he married Miss Bettie Grove, of Glasgow.  They have two children: Margaret, aged 7 years, and Harry, aged 13 months.  Dr. Vaughan is an active Presbyterian.  He has a fine reputation as a skilled and educated dentist and is a gentleman of the highest character.  [See p. 36 for photo of Dr. R.R. Vaughan.]

P.B. VENABLE, proprietor of the Columbia billiard hall, was born in Kansas city, Missouri, January 28, 1867.  He was brought to Columbia when six months old and as since that time been a resident of this place.  He worked at the carpenter’s trade several years, but since 1887 has been engaged in his present occupation.  He is a member of the Knights of Pythias and Maccabees.  [See p. 70 for photo of P.B. Venable.]

WILLIAM AMBROSE VIVION, merchant, is the son of D.R. Vivion, and is one of the most popular and accommodating young business men in Columbia.  He is a member and officer of the U. R. K. of P., treasurer of Boone County Co-operation Society, financial secretary of the Christian church, superintendent of the Christian Sunday School.  Mr. Vivion is a member of the book and stationery firm of Vivion Brothers, one of the leading establishments of the city.  He is a democrat.  In 1892 he married Miss Stella Robnett.  Mr. Vivion was born in Boone county, November 4, 1868.  He has resided in Audrain and Callaway counties, coming to Columbia in 1889.  [See p. 70 for photo of W.A. Vivion.]

W.T. WARDER, for nearly twenty years traveling representative of the F. Mitchell Grocery Company, of St. Louis, is a native of Richmond, Missouri.  For fifteen years he has made his home in Columbia.  Here he married on September 10, 1884, Miss Matie Dorsey, daughter of Col. J.S. Dorsey.  Though Mr. Warder’s business takes him away from Columbia a large portion of his time, he is well known to all our people as an enterprising and prosperous citizen.  The Warder block on Broadway, one of the most substantial in the city, takes its name from Mr. Warder. He owns this and other property in Columbia.  There are few more popular traveling men in Missouri than Mr. Warder and none more widely known.  [See p. 66 for photo of W.T. Warder.]

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN WASSER, merchant tailor, has been fifteen years in his present occupation and his large trade testifies to his skill and industry. He was born in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, November 28, 1863.  He has been a resident of Ohio, Kentucky, Nebraska and Arkansas but, coming to Columbia in 1888, has made this his home.  He married Miss Nannie Redenbaugh on March 13, 1892.  Mr. Wasser is a Baptist, the secretary of the Columbia Baptist Sunday School.  He is an obliging and competent tailor.  [See p. 66 for photo of B.F. Wasser.]

DR. BERRY ALLEN WATSON, physician, is a native of Charlotte county, Virginia.  Here he was born Jan. 28, 1834, removing to Callaway county, Missouri, in 1840, with his father.  He graduated from Westminster College, Fulton, in 1857, with the degree of A.B.  After graduation he taught school until 1860.  During the civil war he served for a time in the confederate army.  He attended the Louisville and Bellevue Medical College, graduating from the latter institution in 1866.  Dr. Watson practiced medicine for three years in Millersburg, Callaway county, Missouri, but since 1871 has been a practitioner in Columbia.  Here he has been a leading citizen, a skilled physician and prominent in every public enterprise.  His practice is extensive and lucrative and his strong character and genial disposition have won him a large circle of friends.  On May 4, 1864, Dr. Watson married Miss Clara E. Ward, of Callaway county.  To them have been born six children: Ed. M., Laws, Carson, Estelle, Margaret and Mattie (deceased).  Dr. Watson is an uncompromising democrat and has served as member of the Columbia city council.  His is a Mason.  [See p. 35 for photo of Dr. B.A. Watson.]

REV. WM. HENRY WATTS, rector of Calvary Episcopal church, is a man of fine intellect and great liberality.  He has preached many strong sermons in Columbia and is eloquent, earnest and scholarly.  Dr. Watts was born in London, England, May 26, 1842.  He was educated at Purdy’s Academy and Regents College, London.  He was appointed to the charge of Bixley chapel, Kingston on Thames, for proficiency as a student.  He went to Canada in 1864, was fort chaplain at Kingston.  He resigned in 1866 and in 1870 came to the United States.  Dr. Watts has been successively rector of Christ church, Portsmouth, Ohio; St. Luke’s Kalamazoo, Michigan; St. John’s Saginaw, Michigan; Intercession, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, for eleven years.  Dr. Watts entered upon the rectorship of Calvary Parish, Columbia, October 20, 1889, and is, in point of residence, the oldest clergyman in Columbia.  [See p. 33 for photo of Rev. W. Henry Watts.]                           
GEORGE ARMSTRONG WAUCHOPE, professor of English in the University of Missouri, was born May 26, 1862, at the Natural Bridge, Va., of Scotch-Irish ancestry.  He is a grandson of the Rev. William J. Armstrong, D.D., who was lost at sea on the ill-fated steamer Atlantic, and a great-grandson of Samuel Houston, a friend of Washington and a gallant soldier in the Revolution.  In the fall of 1880 he entered Washington and Lee University at Lexington, Virginia, graduated at the head of his class in 1884, receiving the degree of A.B.  During that time he won the Greek prize, the modern language scholarship worth $100, and the F.O. French scholarship worth $300, was elected president of his literary society and the W.M.C.A.  After teaching languages a year at the New London Academy, he returned to the University and received the degree of M.A. in June, 1886.  He was editor of the Southern Collegian, a college magazine founded by Thomas Newlson Page; also final orator of the Washington Literary Society, and Early English Text Society Prize-man.  Prof. Wauchope taught Greek and Latin the next year in the McGuire school in Richmond, Va., was president of the Dickens Club of that city, which he was instrumental in organizing.  In 1887 was elected assistant professor of English and modern languages in his alma mater receiving at the same time the Houston Fellowship, worth $500 a year.  During the next two years he took a very thorough course in Germanic and Roman philology, under Prof. James A. Harrison, Litt. D., LL. D., and received the degree of Ph.D, magna cum laude in 1889.  Dr. Wauchope then took a trip to Europe for purposes of travel and study.  While in Berlin he boarded in a German family and studied in the Berlitz school, attended a course of lectures on literature by Professor Grimm in the University.  He visited Paris during the Exposition of 1889, also England and Scotland.  While in the latter country he visited the head of his family, Sir John Wauchope of Edinburgh.  From 1890 to 1891 he was professor of Greek and Latin in the Horner military school, at Oxford, N.C.  He was also president of a large Shakespeare club, and delivered an address at the Morehead Assembly.  In 1891 he was elected assistant professor of English Language and Literature in the University of Missouri.  Dr. Wauchope is a member of the Presbyterian church.  He never joined any secret society except the Phi Theta Psi, a college fraternity.  As teacher he is hopeful, enthusiastic and devoted to his pupils, and his work, scholarly, liberal and progressive.  He has written both in prose and verse for various newspapers and magazines.  Besides this he has written monographs on the Anglo-Saxon poem Andreas, the verbal noun in the Heliand, the old French L., the History of the Burning of the University, a Gothic Primer, and has a large collection of material for a History of Southern Writers.  He is not married.  [See p. 43 for photo of G.A. Wauchope.]

JAMES H. WAUGH, president of the Exchange National Bank of Columbia, Missouri, was born in Nicholas county, Kentucky, December 26, 1832.  His parents were Archer S. and Matilda G. (Piper) Waugh, also natives of Kentucky.  Mr. Waugh was reared on his father’s farm near Carlisle, Kentucky, and he received his education in the country schools and in the town of Carlisle.  In October, 1854, when twenty-one years of age, he came to Columbia, Missouri, and began clerking for James H. Parker, a dry goods merchant.  In March, 1855, he became deputy sheriff under Jeremiah O’Rear, and continued in that office until August, 1858.  On May 3, 1859, he was married in Arrow Rock, Saline county, Missouri, to Miss Sophia Sidney Venable, daughter of Dr. Hampton Sidney Venable.  In July, 1859, he engaged in merchandising on his own account, and continued until January, 1862, when unsolicited by him, he received the appointment of sheriff of Boone county from Gov. Hamilton R. Gamble, and in the following December was elected for two years.  In July, 1865, Mr. Waugh, in connection with other associates, organized the Exchange National Bank.  He became its president, which position he has held continuously.  It is worthy of remark that the bank has never failed to pay a semi-annual dividend of five or six per cent.  Mr. Waugh has served the town of Columbia often as trustee and as chairman and treasurer of the board.  From 1867 to 1873 he was treasurer of the board of curators of the State University.  He was one of the organizers of the Valley National Bank of St. Louis and served as one of its directors from its organization until 1879.  He was also one of the promoters and a director in the construction of the Boone County and Jefferson City Railroad from Centralia to Columbia and was one of the projectors of the gravel road system in Boone county.  Politically Mr. Waugh, before the war, was a Whig, during the war a Union man and since the war and now a democrat, always having voted the democratic during and since the war.  Mr. Waugh is a member of the Presbyterian church.  He has but one child living, a daughter, Mary E., wife of Charles B. Sanders, one of the firm of R.L. McDonald & Co., of St. Joseph, having lost a son and daughter, each at the age of sixteen months.  Mr. Waugh is one of Columbia’s most substantial citizens, and during his forty years residence in Columbia has been connected with many of the enterprises which have made Columbia.  He made his own business capital and has prospered as merchant and banker.  [See p. 68 for photo of J.H. Waugh.]

HENRY CLAY WELLS, proprietor of the Powers House, is a genial and successful hotel keeper.  Born and raised on a farm in St. Charles county, Missouri, Mr. Wells was for forty years a brick layer, and no man did better work.  He has been in the hotel business twelve years and is a typical Boniface.  Mr. Wells is the son of Samuel and Mary Wells and was born September 2, 1829.  He is as vigorous and active as though a man of forty.  In 1856 he married Miss Emily Dyer, of Callaway county.  They have three children: Mary (Mrs. T.O. Robinson)[,] John D. and James M.  Mr. Wells has resided in Louisville, St. Louis, in Fulton from July 7, 1850, to 1885, and in Columbia since the last named date.  In religious Mr. Wells is a bluestocking Presbyterian and in politics a Missouri democrat.  [See p. 66 for photo of H.C. Wells.]

JOHN C. WHITTEN, professor of horticulture in the University of the State of Missouri, was born in Augusta, Maine, September 14, 1866.  He graduated from the South Dakota Agricultural College in 1892 and took post-graduate work at Cornell University, making a specialty of horticulture, botany and entomology.  From January, 1893, to October, 1894, Prof. Whitten was assistant in horticulture at the Missouri Botanical Gardens, in St. Louis.  Prof. Whitten accepted his present position in 1894.  He is a member of the Academy of Science of St. Louis, of the American Forestry Association and honorary member of the Arkansas Horticultural Society.  [See p. 43 for photo of J.C. Whitten.]

JOHN WALTER WILKINSON, of the University Academy, was born near Prairie Grove, Boone county, Missouri, December 11, 1869, the son of John F. and Sarah Wilkinson.  He graduated from the State University in 1893 with the degrees of L.B., S.B. and Pe.B.  He adopted teaching as a profession.  He was principal of the Thornton (Arkansas) public schools in 1890 and served as assistant principal of the Centralia public schools in 1893, and in the spring of 1894 was elected as teacher of science in the Western Normal Business College, Garland, Texas.  He conducted the Dallas county (Texas) teachers’ institute in the summer of 1894.  Returning to Columbia he became one of the organizers of the University Academy and is now a member of its faculty.  Mr. Wilkinson is a Methodist and a democrat.  He is a young man of honesty, ability and energy and evidently has a bright future.  He is not married.  [See p. 44 for photo of John W. Wilkinson.]

C.L. WILLOUGHBY, teacher of shorthand, was born in Tamaroa, Perry county, Illinois, on January 2, 1875.  He went to St. Louis at 15 years of age and was employed for two years in the office of the Cairo Short Line.  Giving this up he entered the University as a student.  He has pursued his studies three years and during the same time has taught classes in shorthand and typewriting.  Mr. Willoughby is a graduate of Barnes’ Business College, St. Louis, and is an expert shorthand reporter.  He has dabbled somewhat in newspaper work on city and college papers.  He will make Columbia his home and will doubtless have a good patronage as he is a young man of ability, integrity and energy.  [See p. 45 for photo of C.L. Willoughby.]

BENJAMIN S. WINCHESTER, farmer and ice dealer, was born in Carlinville, Illinois, April 6, 1832.  He removed to Columbia in 1866, [and] hauled goods from Centralia and Providence to Columbia before the railroad was built.  He has made an honest, worthy citizen.  He is a prohibitionist and a Presbyterian.  On October 14, 1857, Mr. Winchester married Miss Brookie Yowell.  [See p. 70 for photo of B.S. Winchester.]

HENRY WISE, proprietor of the California Fruit Store, was in the fruit business in St. Louis three years and, since November, 1893, in Columbia.  In July, 1893, he married Miss Gosby Shafrau, of St. Louis.  Mr. Wise was born Mach 14, 1868.  He is building up an excellent trade at his well-stocked fruit store.  [See p. 70 for photo of Henry Wise.  Also, his wife's name should be Gusty Shaffran, according to a direct descendant -- Ed.]

J.G. WISEMAN, of J.G. Wiseman & Sons, merchants, Centralia, has had a long and honorable career.  The name of Wiseman is a familiar one in Boone county history and J.G. Wiseman is a fine example of the good traits of the estimable family.  Mr. Wiseman was born and brought up in Boone county.  His early mercantile life was spent in Louisiana.  Returning to Missouri in 1863 he engaged for three years in merchandising in St. Joseph.  In 1866 he began business in Centralia, the firm being Wyatt & Wiseman.  In 1869 he removed to Ashland, where he remained until 1894 in the mercantile business.  Last fall he returned to Centralia and the new and vigorous dry goods establishment of Wiseman & Sons opened its doors to the public.  It is now one of Centralia’s leading institutions.  [See p. 72 for photo of J.G. Wiseman.]

JEFF. G. WORLEY, merchant, was born in Lexington, Kentucky, March 6, 1869, coming to Columbia in 1874.  He is a son of the late C.T. Worley, and grandson of the late Jefferson Garth.  He attended the State University two years, and in 1892 graduated at Bryant & Stratton’s Business College in Louisville, Kentucky.  Since January 1, 1894, he has been a member of the well-known dry goods firm of Strawn, Rogers & Co.  He is a good salesman and promising business man.  Mr. Worley is an officer of the K. of P. Lodge.  He is a democrat and yet married.  [See p. 66 for photo of Jeff G. Worley.]

REV. WILLIAM POPE YEAMAN, president of Grand River College, Gallatin, Missouri, has been for thirteen years a resident of Boone county.  He still owns a large and fertile farm west of Columbia and spends there the time he can spare from school duties.  Dr. Yeaman was born in Hardin County, Kentucky, May 28, 1832.  He studied law in the office of his uncle, Gov. John L. Helm, and was admitted to the bar at the age of 19 years.  He practiced law for six years with marked success and then, in obedience to the call of duty, left the farm for the pulpit.  He was ordained as Baptist minister in 1859.  He afterward held a number of important pastorates in Kentucky, New York City and St. Louis.  From 1876 to 1878 he was chancellor of William Jewell College.  Dr. Yeaman has been moderator of the Missouri Baptist General Association for eighteen years and is one of the ablest men in the west.  He has been prominent in public affairs and in 1892 was a strong candidate for the democratic nomination for governor.  Dr. Yeaman married Miss Virginia Shackelford, of Kentucky.  He is a splendid speaker, a deep thinker and one of the most popular educators in Missouri.  [See p. 68 for image of W. Pope Yeaman.]

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